Pikes Peak State Park

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Pikes Peak State Park
PikesPeakStatePark.jpg
Observation platform overlooking the Mississippi River
Map showing the location of Pikes Peak State Park
Map showing the location of Pikes Peak State Park
Location of Pikes Peak State Park in Iowa
LocationClayton, Iowa, United States
Coordinates42°59′49″N 91°9′49″W / 42.99694°N 91.16361°W / 42.99694; -91.16361Coordinates: 42°59′49″N 91°9′49″W / 42.99694°N 91.16361°W / 42.99694; -91.16361
Area960 acres (390 ha)[1]
Elevation994 ft (303 m)[2]
Established1935
Named forZebulon Pike
Governing bodyIowa Department of Natural Resources

Pikes Peak State Park is a state park of Iowa, US, featuring a 500-foot (150 m) bluff overlooking the Upper Mississippi River opposite the confluence of the Wisconsin River. The park is operated by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources. It is nearly a thousand acres (4 km²) in extent. The nearest city is McGregor, Iowa. Iowa Highway 76 approximately defines its northern boundary.

It gets its name from the Iowa incarnation of Pikes Peak, a particularly high point overlooking the gorge of the Upper Mississippi, and like Pikes Peak in Colorado, is named for Zebulon Pike. Pike visited the area in 1805 during his first expedition, camping just downstream near Clayton on Sept. 6 and across the river near Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin the next 3 nights.[3] Pike climbed the bluff on Sept. 5, looking for a suitable location for a fort and marked what would become known as Pike's Peak because it was "level on the top, having a spring in the rear, and commanding a view of the country around."[4]

There are hiking trails, campgrounds, and RV facilities. Mountain bikes are permitted in certain portions of the park. Aside from recreational development, the land in the park was never cleared and to a large extent remains as it was before the settlers.

It is part of a larger complex of parks, reserves, and refuges which include Effigy Mounds National Monument, the various components of the Yellow River State Forest, the enormous Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge and much smaller, much less well known Driftless Area National Wildlife Refuge. The Northeast Iowa Legacy Trail System is undergoing development and will connect elements of these sites.

It is nearby State Line Slough (Iowa).

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ "Pikes Peak State Park" (PDF). Iowa Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2011-01-23.
  2. ^ "Pikes Peak State Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 1979-04-30. Retrieved 2011-02-27.
  3. ^ Pike's Field Maps, First Expedition, Iowa, Plate 12, 1805, annotated by Pike National Trail Association, retrieved 2022.
  4. ^ Zebulon Pike, Elliott Coues, Ed., The Expeditions of Zebulon Montgomery Pike, Vol. I, Francis P. Harper, New York, 1895; page 38.

External links[edit]