Pikit, Cotabato

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Pikit
Municipality
Official seal of Pikit
Seal
Map of Cotabato with Pikit highlighted
Map of Cotabato with Pikit highlighted
Pikit is located in Philippines
Pikit
Pikit
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 07°03′N 124°40′E / 7.050°N 124.667°E / 7.050; 124.667Coordinates: 07°03′N 124°40′E / 7.050°N 124.667°E / 7.050; 124.667
Country Philippines
Region SOCCSKSARGEN (Region XII)
Province Cotabato
Congr. district 1st District of Cotabato
Founded June 17, 1913
Incorporated September 29, 1949
Barangays 42
Government[1]
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • District Representative Jesus N. Sacdalan
 • Mayor Muhyryn D. Sultan
 • Vice Mayor Don T. Mangansakan
Area[2]
 • Total 604.61 km2 (233.44 sq mi)
Elevation 20 m (70 ft)
Population (2015)[3]
 • Total 154,441
 • Density 260/km2 (660/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 9409
Dialing code 64
Language(s) Maguindanaon, Cebuano, Tagalog, Ilocano, Hiligaynon, Manobo
Income class 1st class[2]

Pikit is a first class municipality in the province of Cotabato, Philippines. The so-called Pikit War between Muslim separatists and the Philippines army took place there in early 2003.

According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 154,441 people,[3] making it the most populous municipality and local government unit in the province.

Geography[edit]

The municipality is bounded on the north by the Municipality of Aleosan, on the south by Pagalungan, Maguindanao, on the west by the Municipality of Midsayap and the Liguasan marsh and on the east by the Municipality of Datu Montawal.

Barangays[edit]

Pikit is politically subdivided into 42 barangays.[2]

  • Bagoaingud (Bagoinged)
  • Balabak
  • Balatican
  • Balong
  • Balungis
  • Barungis
  • Batulawan
  • Bualan
  • Buliok
  • Bulod
  • Bulol
  • Calawag
  • Dalingaoen (Lalingaon)
  • Damalasak
  • Fort Pikit
  • Ginatilan
  • Gli-gli
  • Gokoton (Gokotan)
  • Inug-ug
  • Kabasalan
  • Kalacacan
  • Katilacan
  • Kolambog
  • Ladtingan
  • Lagunde
  • Langayen
  • Macabual
  • Macasendeg
  • Manaulanan
  • Nabundas
  • Nalapaan
  • Nunguan
  • Paidu Pulangi
  • Pamalian
  • Panicupan
  • Poblacion
  • Punol
  • Rajah Muda
  • Silik
  • Takepan
  • Talitay
  • Tinutulan

History[edit]

Pikit was the oldest settlement ever founded in Cotabato province. The landmark which will eventually became the town's namesake, Fort Pikit, was established in 1893 by the Spaniards who have by then just recently conquered what is now the province of Cotabato from the Sultanate of Maguindanao. The name "Pikit" was given to the place by the Spaniards.[4] It was formerly called by the natives "Malasiquit" because it was situated within the shadows of hills situated to each other. The fort was built to consolidate their hold in the region.

The Spaniards abandoned Fort Pikit at the end of the 19th century, which paved the way for the eventual American occupation in 1902.

Under the Osmeña Colony Act of 1912, Pikit was founded on June 17, 1913 by the first Christian Filipino colonists from the Province of Cebu. About one hundred twenty Cebuanos came under the Colony Agent, Vicente Lozada. The first batch of colonists from Cebu arrived at Fort Pikit after two days of sailing on board a river boat called "Hall", followed the Rio Grande de Mindanao.

The Rio Grande where the colonists landed is now a corn field. It became dry land due to the cut-off river found in Kulanguan, Tunggol, Pagalungan, Maguindanao.

The first batch of colonists were distributed at Ladtingan, Calawag, Ginatilan, Panicupan, Manding and Inug-ug .They belonged to Colony No. 1, while other colonists followed in 1914 up to 1915 and they were assigned in the following colonies, Colony No. 2 (Paidu Pulangi) Colony no. 3 (Silik) Colony No. 4 (Makasendeg) Colony No. 5 (Pagalungan) and Colony No.7 (Talitay).

Those who came in 1918 from the Visayas and Luzon were called homeseekers, immigrants, and settlers because the government did not give them anymore free transportation and ration in their coming.

During the Colony days the Colonies had a special government under the administration of the Colony Superintendent; Mr. Maximo Abad was then appointed. Mr. Miguel Jacosalem, Asst. Supt. for Colony No. 3, Datu Abdula Piang, Asst. Supt. for Colony No. 3, Mr. Tuan Afdal, Asst. Supt. for Colony No. 4, Mr. Ruperto Gemarino, Asst. Supt. for Colony No. 5 and Mr. Primo Curo, Astt. Supt. for Colony No. 7.

Schools were opened in the Colonies. The first school opened was Ladtingan which James E. McCall was assigned as Supervisor. The first teachers were Frucosa Lucero and Ponciana Lucero.

In 1924, the colonists began to fight for the townsite and local autonomy, for the creation of Pikit into a regular municipality.

In 1928, the Colony Administration was turned over to the Bureau of Lands. Pikit was created a Municipal District, including the new municipality of Pagalungan.

In 1935, the construction of the Cotabato-Davao national Highway helped enhance the progress of this town. This road passes through the heart of Pikit. It afforded a faster and more convenient means of transportation and shipment of farm products.

In the early part of 1947 this Municipal District was created into a regular municipality, as the Municipality of Pagalungan and Pikit as a barrio, Mr. Gorgonio P. Initan was the first appointed mayor who was also the first elected mayor because this year was also the election of the municipal officials. The seat of Government was in Pagalungan.

On May 9, 1948, the Barrio Planning Personnel accompanied by Atty. Sergio F. Tocao, came to Pikit. This marked the triumph of the colonists for the establishment of Manding as a townsite.

In Sept. 29, 1949, Pikit was created a regular municipality by Executive Proclamation with Manding as the seat of the municipal government. This ended the struggle of the colonists and marked the fulfillment of their aspirations. Pikit was created out of the municipality of Pagalungan.

Pikit was proclaimed into a regular municipality thru the efforts of the late Congressman Gumbay Piang and Governor Duma Sinsuat by virtue of Executive Order No. 270 with its townsite at Manding.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Pikit
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 32,774 —    
1995 57,909 +11.26%
2000 68,455 +3.65%
2007 96,372 +4.83%
2010 113,014 +5.97%
2015 154,441 +6.13%
Source: National Statistics Office & Philippine Statistics Authority[5][3]

Population comparisons[edit]

In 2015, Pikit reached a population of 154,441 people, up from 113,014 people in 2010. This high trend of population growth of Pikit made it take over the position of Midsayap as the most populous municipality in Cotabato province. Midsayap registered a population of 134,170 people in 2010;[6] its population climbed up to 151,684 in 2015, second only to Pikit.

It also surpassed the provincial capital city of Kidapawan, which has 125,447 people in 2010; its population climbed up to 140,195 in 2015, third from Pikit and the overall population ranking in the list of local government units in Cotabato province.

Economy[edit]

A major producer of corn with area planted of 5,074 hectares and production of 13,310 tons per year. The municipality is also a major producer of coconut and freshwater fish. Coconut meat or copra is made from mature coconut nuts. It is done by splitting the nut and drying the coconut meat by solar drying or by the use of dryers. Upon reaching a moisture content of about 14 to 16%, it is packed in PE sacks of 50 to 60 kg in weight. Copra is the major raw material used in production of refined edible cooking oil and other coconut based products.

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • Fort Pikit, approximately 1 km from the National Highway and the main back-drop of the Pikit Municipal Hall. One of the remnants of an Old Spanish Fort in Mindanao.
  • Pikit Municipal Hall located at Pikit town proper. Sprawled on the slopes of a hill with steps leading to it.

Incidents[edit]

  • UCCP Pikit Church bombing in October 8, 2014, 2 survivors and 3 dead.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 12 May 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "Province: COTABATO (NORTH COTABATO)". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population: as of May 1, 2015". 2015 Census of Population and Housing. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ http://www.cotabatoprov.gov.ph/lgus/pikit
  5. ^ Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010
  6. ^ Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010

External links[edit]