|Language||Hindi & Rajasthani|
|Elevation||279 m (915 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
As of the 2011 Census of India[update], Pilani had a population of 26,219 of which 52% were male and 48% female. The average literacy rate was 79%, higher than the national average of 74.04%. Male literacy was 82.14% and female 65.46%. 14% of the population was under 6 years of age.
Pilani is known for its extreme climate. Summer temperatures reach up to 50 degree Celsius between May and July, while winter temperatures reach sub-zero levels between December and January. Months of October and March are generally considered most pleasant. Pilani mostly suffers from low rain fall causing continuous drought for successive years.
Education and Research
Pilani is home to the Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS Pilani), a technological deemed university formed in 1964. , established in 1988, is also located in the town. Other colleges include the BK Birla Institute of Engineering & Technology (BKBIET), an engineering college formed in 2007, the Indermani Mandelia college for girls and the ShaadiLal Kataria Teacher Training college. In 2009 Shridhar University was established under the State Government Act as a private university. The University provides various higher education programs up to doctoral level. Pilani also has one of the major CSIR labs for advanced research in electronics, the Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute, which is located next tothe BITS campus.
Pilani is not accessible directly by rail; the nearest stations are Chirawa, 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) away served by the Northern Western Railway on the Sikar-Loharu Broad Gauge section and Loharu, 25 kilometres (16 mi) away in Haryana, which is served by fully broad gauge sections. Pilani is 260 kilometres (160 mi) from Jaipur and 240 kilometres (150 mi)from Delhi.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- ":::Deemed University – University Grants Commission :::". ugc.ac.in. Retrieved 30 November 2011.