Pilani

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Pilani
City
Pilani is located in Rajasthan
Pilani
Pilani
Pilani is located in India
Pilani
Pilani
Coordinates: 28°22′N 75°36′E / 28.37°N 75.6°E / 28.37; 75.6Coordinates: 28°22′N 75°36′E / 28.37°N 75.6°E / 28.37; 75.6
CountryIndia
StateRajasthan
DistrictJhunjhunu district
LanguageRajasthani & Hindi
Elevation
279 m (915 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total40,590
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
333031
Telephone code91-1596

Pilani is a small town situated in the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan, India. Administratively, it forms a part of Jhunjhunu district. The place became popular since the establishment of BITS Pilani.The city is also the home to some of the oldest schools of independent India. Pilani also has an assembling centre for India's prestigious BrahMos missile.Moreover, Pilani is getting recognition at India level due to the rising number of startups which are incorporated by the students of BITS Pilani and Bkbiet Pilani. Pilani is also famous in the shekhawati region due to a large number of tourist destinations such as Panchwati, Saraswati temple, Birla museum, Ram mandir park,BIRLA SCHOOL PILANI etc.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 Census of India, Pilani has a population of 29,741 of which 51% are males and 49% females. The average literacy rate is 72%. Male literacy is 80% and female 63%. 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.[1]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Pilani has a continental, semi-arid climate, typical of North Western India. Summers, which last from late March till the end of June are extremely hot and dry. They are followed by the monsoon months of July, August and early September, where temperatures drop slightly, and the humidity rises sharply. The months from late October to early March see warm days, and cool to chilly nights, with very dry conditions.

Climate data for Pilani (1981–2010, extremes 1958–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.8
(89.2)
35.1
(95.2)
44.8
(112.6)
47.1
(116.8)
47.1
(116.8)
46.9
(116.4)
45.7
(114.3)
42.6
(108.7)
41.5
(106.7)
40.4
(104.7)
37.8
(100.0)
31.9
(89.4)
47.1
(116.8)
Average high °C (°F) 21.6
(70.9)
25.1
(77.2)
31.2
(88.2)
37.1
(98.8)
40.7
(105.3)
40.2
(104.4)
36.6
(97.9)
35.2
(95.4)
35.8
(96.4)
34.7
(94.5)
29.8
(85.6)
24.5
(76.1)
32.7
(90.9)
Average low °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
8.7
(47.7)
13.7
(56.7)
19.5
(67.1)
24.6
(76.3)
26.8
(80.2)
26.5
(79.7)
25.4
(77.7)
23.2
(73.8)
17.5
(63.5)
11.4
(52.5)
6.3
(43.3)
17.4
(63.3)
Record low °C (°F) −3.9
(25.0)
−4.0
(24.8)
3.8
(38.8)
8.5
(47.3)
13.5
(56.3)
17.4
(63.3)
18.3
(64.9)
19.0
(66.2)
13.7
(56.7)
9.0
(48.2)
1.8
(35.2)
−2.7
(27.1)
−4.0
(24.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 8.9
(0.35)
12.6
(0.50)
10.7
(0.42)
6.4
(0.25)
32.1
(1.26)
65.7
(2.59)
109.9
(4.33)
105.6
(4.16)
52.1
(2.05)
7.0
(0.28)
3.3
(0.13)
2.1
(0.08)
416.3
(16.39)
Average rainy days 0.9 1.4 1.0 0.7 2.3 3.5 6.6 5.7 3.0 0.7 0.2 0.3 26.3
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 47 41 34 26 28 39 58 63 54 37 38 45 42
Source: India Meteorological Department[2][3]

Education and Research[edit]

Pilani in 1979

Pilani is home to the Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS Pilani).

Apart from BITS, Pilani also has one of the major CSIR labs for advanced research in electronics, the Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute (CEERI), which is located next to the BITS campus. The GD Birla Memorial Polytechnic Institute named Birla Technical Training Institute (BTTI), established in 1988 in Pilani, is one of the top ranked diploma colleges in Rajasthan. Other colleges include the BK Birla Institute of Engineering & Technology (BKBIET), an engineering college formed in 2007, the Indermani Mandelia college for girls and the ShaadiLal Kataria Teacher Training college. In 2009, Shridhar University was established under the State Government Act as a private university. The University provides various higher education programs up to doctoral level. Schools include Birla Shishu Vihar, Birla High School, Birla Public School and Birla Balika Vidyapeeth. Birla School Pilani is providing education from 1901.

Transportation[edit]

Pilani is not accessible directly by rail; the nearest stations are Chirawa, 16 kilometres (9.9 mi), Sadulpur 40 kilometres (25 mi)away served by the Northern Western Railway on the Sikar-Loharu Broad Gauge section and Loharu, 23.5 kilometres (14.6 mi) away in Haryana, which is served by fully broad gauge sections. Pilani is 208 kilometres (129 mi) from Jaipur and 194.3 kilometres (120.7 mi) from Delhi and has a good bus transport system.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Primary Census Abstract Data Tables - Rajasthan".
  2. ^ "Station: Pilani Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 611–612. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  3. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M186. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2021.