Pilar, Buenos Aires
Nuestra Señora del Pilar
|Greater Buenos Aires|
|• Intendant||Nicolas Ducoté (PRO)|
|Elevation||18 m (59 ft)|
|Population (2010 census [INDEC])|
|CPA Base||B 1629|
|Area code(s)||+54 2322|
Pilar is a city in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina with a population of 299,077 as per the 2010 census [INDEC]. It is part of the Greater Buenos Aires urban conurbation and is the seat of the administrative division of Pilar Partido. Since the early 1990s, Pilar has gained an increasingly upscale profile due to the development of numerous gated communities, country clubs and polo fields. 
History and overview
The rural outpost that later became Pilar was first assigned a local authority in 1774 with the appointment of Ventura López Camelo as its first alcalde, or mayor. Pilar is the site where the Treaty of Pilar was signed on February 23, 1820, establishing the basis for Argentine federalism, as a result of which the city of Pilar is acknowledged as the "Cradle of National Federalism." This Treaty marked the end of the war between the League of Free Peoples formed by the provinces of Entre Ríos and Santa Fe against Buenos Aires.
A Buenos Aires and Pacific Railway line, its first, reached the town in 1886, and by 1895 nearly 10,000 inhabitants lived in Pilar. The opening of National Route 8 in 1934 eased the 58 kilometres (36 mi) commute to Buenos Aires, and Pilar subsequently became a growing commuter town.
Pilar grew further after the construction in the late 1960s of a freeway along the stretch of National Route 8 to Buenos Aires, and with the establishment in 1970 of the local industrial district, the Parque Industrial Pilar, which grew to be among the largest in South America and home to 200 national and international companies.
The establishment of the first polo fields beginning in the late 19th century and of a number of country clubs from 1948 onward, as well as the development of numerous gated communities beginning in the 1990s, gave Pilar an increasingly upscale profile in subsequent years.
Numerous visitor and tourist attractions are located in the city. These include the Parish of Our Lady of the Pillar (1856); the October 12 Plaza facing it (both National Historic Monuments); the Spanish Colonial Revivalist City Hall (1896); the Alcalde Lorenzo López Historical Museum; the (reputedly haunted) Pando-Carabassa Chalet (1900), the Argentine Polo Association therein, and the adjoining polo fields; several country clubs including the Highland Park Country Club (1948), Golfer's Country Club (1973), Pilar Golf Club (1992), and the Estancias Golf Club (2008); and the Pilar Nature Reserve (2003). Pilar is also the site of the private Austral University, founded in 1991.
The celebrations of the pilar
Signing of the Treaty of Pilar. It is celebrated on February 23, the anniversary of the peace agreement signed by Manuel de Sarratea, Governor of Buenos Aires; Estanislao López, Governor of Santa Fe; and Francisco Ramírez, governor of Entre Ríos. The treaty, signed in 1820, laid the foundation of the federal system of government today prevailing in Argentina. Pilar recalls the historic pact with protocol events, conferences and art festivals, among other activities.
Our Lady of the Pilar. Each October 12, the community of Pilar and the whole Party celebrated the feast of their patron saint, the Virgin of Pilar. He remembers when, in 1729, an local indigenous man exposed to public worship an image of the Virgin in a chapel erected on his property. In addition to the liturgical activities, including the huge procession with the venerated image stands out, the Municipality of Pilar organized a civic-military parade that the forces of the district, educational, social and sporting institutions, traditionalist centers and schools involved native dances, among other social organizations.
Some notable points of interest in Pilar are:
October 12 Square. Declared a National Historic Landmark on May 21, 1942. The city has an urban design around a rectangular plaza which in turn gives rise to the trace the streets and a grid amanzanamiento. The square is graced Ginkgo biloba, planted between 1958 and 1962.
Treaty of Pilar. Signed here on February 23, 1820, it marked the origin of the federal system of government and made the city the "cradle of federalism" in Argentina. The pact, signed in the original chapel of Pilar by Francisco Ramírez, Estanislao López, and Manuel de Sarratea, ended the war between the provinces of Entre Ríos and Santa Fe against Buenos Aires.
Municipal Palace. Is cornerstone was laid in 1896 by the Governor of the Province, Guillermo Udaondo. The first Municipal Mayor was Thomas Márquez. The building originally housed four dungeons.
Our Lady of the Pilar. Begun as a simple adobe structure in 1821 under the direction of architect José Villa, the vault of the nave and the upper floors were made from 1840. The work was then interrupted until 1854 and continued until its conclusion directed by architect Roque Petrocchi. It was declared a National Historic Landmark on December 7, 1994.
Mayor Lorenzo López Historical Museum. The Museum preserves and exhibits historical and religious artifacts from Pilar. Of particular interest is the display of objects linked with the signing of the Treaty of Pilar.
Cross of Pilar. Located on the corner of the intersection of Pedro Lagrave and Paraná streets, it's believed to have been placed in 1790 by Spanish missionaries traveling north from Buenos Aires; another version has it that this cross was placed as a guidepost when the original settlement was moved to its current location. The first mass in Pilar was held here, and with the advent of bricks as building material in the 19th century, the old wooden cross was replaced by masonry.
The Site of the Miracle. The site, known originally as Rosendo's Post, where the miracle of the Virgin of Luján reportedly took place in 1630. There are two milestones that make reference to the miracle: a small altar with the image of the Virgin of Luján; and an old adobe chapel. The Ministry of Culture of the Nation declared this a National Historic Landmark.
Pilar Nature Reserve. Established on 20 August 2003, the reserve made use of five former military lots bordering the north bank of the Luján River and totals 297 hectares (730 acres). A series of lagoons make it home to a profusion of roman cassie, Jerusalem thorn, tule, catay, wacyleaf nightshade and other flora, as well weasels, rabbits, nutria, skunks, amphibians, reptiles, and over 60 species of birds.
Polo and Golf.Pilar is known in Argentina as the National Capital of Polo. The Argentina Polo Association is headquartered in Pando-Carabassa Castle, built in the late nineteenth century. The site has nine fields and is home to the most important tournaments in the country. Pilar County is today home to 114 of the best tennis players in the world. The numerous country clubs in the district include Pilar Golf, Mailing, Mardindale, Highland, Golfer's, Los Lagartos, and Cuba.
Shopping malls. Numerous such facilities have been developed in Pilar since 1990, including Village Pilar, Torres del Sol, Las Palmas del Pilar, TOM (Tortugas Open Mall) and Paseo Champagnat.
- "Historia del Municipio de Pilar". Parque Industrial Pilar.
- "Pilar apunta a un perfil turístico". Pilar City.
- "Mitos y leyendas: Compromiso, sorpresa y un triste final". El Diario Pilar Regional.
- "Historia de "El Chalet" de Pando Carabassa" (PDF). Estilo Pilar.
- "Campos de Golf en Buenos Aires". InfoBA DMC.
- "Misión e Historia". Universidad Austral.
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