|Mayor of Bilbao|
|Born||October 26, 1908|
|Died||June 10, 1993 (aged 84)|
Early life and education
Pilar Careaga was an unsuccessful Renovación Española candidate for Biscay province in the Spanish election of 1933. At the beginning of the Spanish Civil War, she was put in Larrínaga Prison. She was freed in a prisoner exchange in September 1936.
She then travelled to the front in Madrid where she represented the Falange Española Tradicionalista y de las Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional Sindicalista, looking after injured Franco supporters. She returned to Bilbao after the war.
She was awarded the Roman Catholic Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice in 1958.
In 1959, she joined the Real Sociedad Bascongada de Amigos del País.
She served as mayor of Bilbao from 1969 to 1977.
On March 25, 1979, Careaga was shot six times by ETA whilst seated with her husband in her car driving to church in Guecho. This was the first time the organisation attempted to assassinate a woman. She survived but retired from public life.
Careaga died in Madrid at the age of 84.
- "Pilar Careaga y Basabé" (in Spanish). Real Academia de la Historia.
- Alzugaray, Juan José; Aguirre, Juan José Alzugaray (2004-09-01). Vascos relevantes del siglo XX (in Spanish). Encuentro. ISBN 9788474907339.
- "Biography" (PDF). University of Alicante.
- "Pilar Careaga, primera mujer ingeniero de España". El Cadenazo (in Spanish).
- "Bilbaopedia - María del Pilar Careaga Basabe". www.bilbaopedia.info. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
- Franco, Fundación Nacional Francisco; FNFF, Redacción (2019-03-04). "Pilar Careaga Basabe, primera mujer Ingeniero de España, falangista y Alcaldesa de Bilbao". fnff.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-05-09.
- "99: maria del pilar careaga". Magnificent Women. Retrieved 2020-05-09.