Pili, Camarines Sur

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Capitol building of Camarines Sur
Capitol building of Camarines Sur
Nickname(s): The Capital Town of Camarines Sur
Motto: "Choose Pili"
Location in the province of Camarines Sur
Location in the province of Camarines Sur
Pili is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°35′N 123°18′E / 13.583°N 123.300°E / 13.583; 123.300Coordinates: 13°35′N 123°18′E / 13.583°N 123.300°E / 13.583; 123.300
Country Philippines
Region Bicol (Region V)
Province Camarines Sur
District 3rd district
Founded 1789
No. of Barangays 26
 • Mayor Alex San Luis
 • Total 126.25 km2 (48.75 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 82,307
 • Density 650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4418
Dialing code 54
Income class 1st class
Urban/Rural urban

Pili (Rinconada Bikol: Banwāan ka Pili; English: Municipality of Pili; Tagalog: Bayan ng Pili) is a municipality and the capital of the province of Camarines Sur in the Bicol Region of the Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 82,307 people, making Pili the second largest municipality of the province in terms of population.[3] The municipality was classified as 1st class in terms of income classification in 2007.[2] Pili is one of the municipalities comprising the metropolitan area of Metro Naga.


The first recorded history of Pili started during the promulgation of Christianity in the early 1770s by the Spanish missionaries.

It was believed that its development as a town started when the road from Pili leading to Lagonoy, which was also the route to Legazpi City and Naga City was constructed. Furthermore, the establishment of the Philippine National Railways (PNR) station in the municipality paved the way for Pili to become the second largest center of commerce in the province, next to the city of Naga.

It was established in 1919 and was named after the pili nut, now a famous product of the town. On June 6, 1955, Pili was declared the new provincial capital of Camarines Sur by virtue of Republic Act 1336, replacing Naga City.[4]


Pili is politically subdivided into 26 barangays.[2]

  • Anayan
  • Bagong Sirang
  • Binanuaanan
  • Binobong
  • Cadlan
  • Caroyroyan
  • Curry
  • Del Rosario
  • Himaao
  • La Purisima
  • La Paz
  • New San Roque
  • Old San Roque (Pob.)
  • Palestina
  • Pawili
  • Sagurong
  • Sagrada
  • San Agustin
  • San Antonio (Pob.)
  • San Isidro (Pob.)
  • San Jose
  • San Juan (Pot.)
  • San Vicente (Pob.)
  • Santiago (Pob.)
  • Santo Niño
  • Tagbong
  • Tinangis


Population census of Pili
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 52,481 —    
1995 61,520 +3.02%
2000 67,393 +1.97%
2007 76,496 +1.76%
2010 82,307 +2.70%
Source: National Statistics Office[5]


There are two Bicol languages used all over the municipality, Coastal Bikol on the northern part, and Riŋkonāda or Rinconada Bikol on the south. Tagalog, Hiligaynon (Bisaya) and Ilocano are used by a few. English language is widely understood.


Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion in the municipality, followed by the Iglesia Ni Cristo.


Urbanization had a great effect on the town of Pili. Just a neighboring town of Naga City, a percentage of the population still relies on Naga City's industries for jobs, and universities for education.

Pili's major role in Metro Naga is the incubation of Agro-Industrial, and Industrial institutions. As of present, Pili is the regional manufacturer of Purefoods, and Lucky Star Food Products, and the state run Camarines Sur Manufacturing and Distribution Services. Pili is also the location of the massive, technologically advanced Bicol Granary and Food Manufacturing, which is the largest granary, and manufacturing institute in Southern Luzon. The Bicol Industrial Park located in Barangay San Jose is also a mass provider of jobs for Agro-Industrial purposes. The 120-hectare area houses the rice waste to energy plant sponsored by the Korean Government, the WL Manufacturing Center, the Bicol Rice Research and Graining Institute, Samsung Electronics Institute, and the Department of Agriculture Regional Office and Warehouse. An ice plant owned by an Australian Company is set to open their own plant in the industrial park. The company is known to be SM's international company partner.

Other than being the center of agro-industrial business, Pili is also the third largest commercial center in Camarines Sur, and is the 10th largest commercial center in the Bicol Region. Pili hosts also the very first SM Hypermart in the Bicol Region, and the fourth Puregold in the same region. Robinsons also has planned to expand their commerce in Bicol, by instituting a supermarket at the Diversion Road, near the crossing by Bula, which would be the third in Bicol. LCC also has instituted their own mall in Pili, which was the incorporation of the LCC Supermarket, the old Public Market, and LCC Department Store. Another mall in Pili is the MetroCenter Pili which is the mall developed by Westpark Development Corporation which aims to construct metropolitan malls in every municipality part of the Metropolitan Area of Naga City. The MetroCenter Pili is the first mall to be constructed after the main mall in Naga City, the Avenue Square, and leisure hub, Westpark Center.



Major local transportation are either jeepneys or buses. Some barangays use motorcycles (habal-habal).

Coastal barangays are likewise served by bancas that ply from the wharf near Naga City to the barangays of Ponong, Barobaybay and Carigsa along the Bicol River and in the estuarine areas. The Philippine National Railways have a night train service from Manila called Mayon Limited. It arrives at Pili railway station at 5:58/5:59AM local time.


Water supplied by newly established water system under the Pili Water District (PIWAD). Power and electricity is supplied by the Camarines Sur Electric Cooperative (CASURECO).


The inventory of schools in 1995 indicates the presence of 26 public elementary schools and 5 private schools. The DepEd Pili District Office is located at the Pili Central School. The DepEd Camarines Sur Division Office is also located at the town, specifically at the Camarines Sur Freedom Stadium, in which the School of the Future can be found too. Private schools include Evangelical Christian School, Pili Parochial School, Blessed Name of Mary Learning School, and others.

There are also three private and five government-owned secondary schools accounted. Public secondary schools include the Pili National High School, and many others. The Central Bicol State University of Agriculture (Main Campus) administered two high schools: the Computer Science High School of Bicolandia and its Laboratory High School. The Universidad de Sta. Isabel- Pili Campus, which is formerly known as St. Louise de Marillac School of Pili, is the one of the private secondary schools of the town. The Camarines Science Oriented High School also offers complete elementary and secondary courses.

Schools of higher education include the Central Bicol State University of Agriculture (Main Campus), Philippine Computer Foundation College, Camo College, the Kolehiyo ng Mamamayan (College of the People), and others. The proximity of the town to Naga City caused a lot of students from Pili to study at the said city.


  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Municipalities and Cities". PSGC Interactive. Retrieved on 2012-05-23.
  3. ^ a b "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  4. ^ "Pili, Camarines Sur". Byahero.net. Retrieved 19 June 2014. 
  5. ^ "Province of Camarines Sur". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 

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