Central African red colobus

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Central African red colobus[1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Cercopithecidae
Genus: Procolobus
Subgenus: Piliocolobus
P. foai
Binomial name
Procolobus foai

The Central African red colobus (Procolobus foai) is an Old World monkey in the family Cercopithecidae. It is found in humid forests in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic and South Sudan.[1]


The taxonomy is potentially confusing. Procolobus foai has, together with all other red colobuses, been considered a subspecies of Procolobus badius.[3] When considered a separate species, the scientific name Procolobus oustaleti (Trouessart, 1906) has been used for the Central African Red Colobus,[4] but this is incorrect, as the taxon foai precedes oustaleti by 7 years.[1] Additionally, the taxon tephrosceles has been considered a subspecies of the Central African red colobus,[4] but following Groves (2001) it is here recognized as a separate species, the Ugandan red colobus. Alternatively, it has been suggested that the Central African red colobus should be considered a subspecies of P. rufomitratus.[2] As here defined, the Central African red colobus has 5 subspecies, although these are variable and hard to separate:[1]

  • Procolobus foai foai
  • Procolobus foai ellioti
  • Procolobus foai oustaleti
  • Procolobus foai semlikiensis
  • Procolobus foai parmentierorum

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The Central African red colobus is endemic to tropical central Africa. It range includes the Republic of Congo, the southern part of the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the southern part of South Sudan. The southern limit of the range is the Congo River, the eastern limit is the Aruwimi River and the northern limit is the savannah woodlands north of the Uele River. They are found in lowland primary forest, particularly swampy areas, open woodland and gallery forest. They spend about seventy percent of their time in the canopy, and the rest of the time on the ground. They sometimes wade into water to collect aquatic bulbs.[2]


  1. ^ a b c d Groves, C.P. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 169. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ a b c Struhsaker, T. & Oates, J. F. (2016). "Piliocolobus oustaleti". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T18255A92660114. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T18255A92660114.en. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  3. ^ Rowe, N. (1996). The Pictorial Guide to the Living Primates. Pogonia Press, Charlestown, Rhode Island. ISBN 0-9648825-0-7.
  4. ^ a b Kingdon, J. (1997). The Kingdon Guide to African Mammals. Academic Press Limited, London. ISBN 0-12-408355-2.