Pill Hill, Chicago
According to The Electronic Encyclopedia of Chicago, the neighborhood is the more affluent portion of the Stony Island Heights neighborhood that occupies the eastern two-thirds of Calumet Heights. Several sources more loosely define Pill Hill as the entire Calumet Heights region and use the names interchangeably to refer to the whole area. Other sources including one co-published by MSNBC, clearly depict it as a rectangular neighborhood running for eight blocks bounded by East 91st or East 92nd Street and East 94th or East 95th Street to the north and south, respectively, and South Paxton Avenue and South Cregier Avenue to the east and west, respectively. The neighborhood is known for homes with built-in one-car garages and private yards. The region has little commercial development.
The neighborhood was first settled by farmers who quickly became disappointed in the region's swampy nature. After the area was developed by nearby factory workers in the 1870s, it was incorporated into the city of Chicago in 1889 along with the Hyde Park Township. In the 1940s, the factory workers were replaced by white collar residents. By the 1970s, the neighborhood had earned a reputation for affluence and quality residences. The neighborhood soon became a favorite residence of African American doctors from the nearby South Chicago Community Hospital. In a community area of above average wealth compared to the Chicago statistical averages, Pill Hill has above-average affluence compared to the rest of the community area according to the Encyclopedia. The moniker is attributed to the preponderance of doctors employed at the nearby South Chicago Community Hospital who reside in the grand homes situated atop the Stony Island ridge. However, the neighborhood no longer hosts such a high concentration of doctors and is a varied middle-class neighborhood. The racial transformation has been documented in the 1998 book entitled The South Side: The Racial Transformation of an American Neighborhood. A play by Yale School of Drama graduate Sam Kelley entitled Pill Hill was set in this neighborhood. It debuted at the Yale Repertory Theatre has been produced in many venues in recent decades. Pill Hill is credited by one Chicago Sun-Times author as one of the few communities to host civil rights activists such as Martin Luther King, Jr. and Jesse Jackson during the 1960s.
- Patterson, Elizabeth A. (2005). "Calumet Heights". The Electronic Encyclopedia of Chicago. Chicago Historical Society. Retrieved May 10, 2010.
- "Pill Hill (Calumet Heights) neighborhood in Chicago, Illinois (IL), 60617, 60619 detailed profile". Urban Mapping, Inc./Advameg, Inc. Retrieved May 10, 2010.
- "IL > Cook County > Chicago > Pill Hill / Calument Heights Homes for Sale". Redfin. Retrieved May 10, 2010.
- "Pill Hill Real Estate and Neighborhood Information". Dream Town Realty. Retrieved May 10, 2010.
- "Pill Hill". Chicago City & Neighborhood Guide. Retrieved May 10, 2010.
- Rosen, Louis (1999). The South Side: The Racial Transformation of an American Neighborhood. ISBN 1566632749.
- "Neighborhood Bookshelf". Local Initiatives Support Corporation/Chicago. Retrieved May 10, 2010.
- Klein, Alvin (November 22, 1992). "Theater; Life in One Chicago Neighborhood". The New York Times. Retrieved May 10, 2010.
- Beer, John (July 2–8, 2009). "Theater review: Pill Hill". Time Out Chicago. Retrieved May 10, 2010.
- Konkol, Mark (May 5, 2007). "Pill Hill: Soul Queen on Stony Island". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on July 7, 2012. Retrieved May 10, 2010.