Pilocarpus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Pilocarpus
Pilocarpus pennatifolius - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-238.jpg
Paraguay Jaborandi (Pilocarpus pennatifolius)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
(unranked):
(unranked):
(unranked):
Order:
Family:
Subfamily:
Genus:
Pilocarpus

Species

See text

Pilocarpus is a genus of about 13 species of plants belonging to the family Rutaceae, native to the neotropics of South America. Various species are important pharmacologically as a source of the parasympathomimetic alkaloid Pilocarpine.[1] Many of the species have the common name jaborandi.

Etymology[edit]

The taxonomic name Pilocarpus is derived from ancient Greek πῖλος wool, felt + καρπός fruit.

Species[edit]

Selected species

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Abreu, Ilka Nacif; Sawaya, Alexandra Cristine H. F.; Eberlin, Marcos Nogueira; Mazzafera, Paulo (November–December 2005). "Production of Pilocarpine in Callus of Jaborandi (Pilocarpus microphyllus Stapf)". In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Plant. Society for In Vitro Biology. 41 (6): 806–811. JSTOR 4293939.
  2. ^ Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Jaborandi" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 104.

External links[edit]