Pilocarpus

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Pilocarpus
Pilocarpus pennatifolius - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-238.jpg
Paraguay Jaborandi (Pilocarpus pennatifolius)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Zanthoxyloideae
Genus: Pilocarpus
Vahl
Species

See text.

Pilocarpus is a genus of about 13 species of plants belonging to the family Rutaceae, native to the Neotropics of South America. Various species are important pharmacologically as a source of the parasympathomimetic alkaloid pilocarpine.[1] Many of the species have the common name jaborandi.

Etymology[edit]

The taxonomic name Pilocarpus is derived from ancient Greek πῖλος wool, felt + καρπός fruit.

Species[edit]

Selected species

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Abreu, Ilka Nacif; Sawaya, Alexandra Cristine H. F.; Eberlin, Marcos Nogueira; Mazzafera, Paulo (November–December 2005). "Production of Pilocarpine in Callus of Jaborandi (Pilocarpus microphyllus Stapf)". In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Plant. Society for In Vitro Biology. 41 (6): 806–811. doi:10.1079/IVP2005711. JSTOR 4293939. S2CID 26058596.
  2. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Jaborandi" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 104.

External links[edit]