Pilot Island Light

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Pilot Island Light
Pilot Island Light is located in Wisconsin
Pilot Island Light
Location Gills Rock, Wisconsin
Coordinates 45°17′3.067″N 86°55′11.012″W / 45.28418528°N 86.91972556°W / 45.28418528; -86.91972556Coordinates: 45°17′3.067″N 86°55′11.012″W / 45.28418528°N 86.91972556°W / 45.28418528; -86.91972556[1]
Year first constructed 1858
Year first lit 1858
Automated 1962
Foundation Concrete
Construction Milwaukee Cream City brick[2]
Tower shape Square
Markings / pattern yellow, black lantern and parapet
Height 41 feet (12 m)[3]
Focal height 48 feet (15 m)[4]
Original lens Fourth order Fresnel lens
Range 12 nautical miles (22 km; 14 mi)[1]
Characteristic White, Flashing (2), 6 sec[1]
ARLHS number USA-600[5][6]
USCG number


Pilot Island Light
USCG archive photo
Nearest city Gills Rock, Wisconsin
Area 3.5 acres (1.4 ha)
NRHP Reference # 83004279[7]
Added to NRHP November 21, 1983

The Pilot Island Light is a lighthouse located near Gills Rock, on Pilot Island at the east end of Death's Door passage, in Door County, Wisconsin.

The building's plant is similar to Pottawatomie Light, but this is brick instead of stone. Until 1910 it was called Port des Morts Island Light. The original fog signal building was converted to a second assistant lighthouse keeper's residence in 1900.[8]


Frequent and oppressive fog made the passage hazardous; and also made duty at the light to be considered a hardship in an extremely lonely and forbidding place.[9] A fog bell signal was installed in 1862. In 1864 it was replaced by a foghorn. In 1875 it was converted to a steam powered fog siren. In 1880 a separate fog building was built for a "duplicate" fog siren. This began a 10-inch (250 mm) steam whistle and new building in 1900 (which still exists near water's edge).[10] In 1904, there came a realization that the whistles were "less than effective' and they were replaced by dual diaphones.[2] The horns made living there difficult; fertilized eggs would be destroyed by the sounds.[9]

Nearby Plum Island and this island are two of four Wisconsin properties turned over in recent years by the U.S. Coast Guard to the United States Bureau of Land Management. The BLM is working to find new qualified owners, who would be required to care for the properties. The Coast Guard and BLM require the new stewards to maintain the buildings.[11]

It was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1972 as the Pilot Island Light, reference #83004279.[8]

It is currently "abandoned, overgrown, and overrun" by a large cormorant population.[12]

"Detail of NOAA Chart #14909"

Getting there[edit]

This Lighthouse can be seen at a distance from the Northport-Washington Island ferry. Excursions that go near the island are offered during an annual Door County Lighthouse Walk sponsored by the Door County Maritime Museum and by commercial carriers.

The lighthouse is owned by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. The grounds, dwelling and tower are closed.


Additional reading[edit]

External links[edit]