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Pilu (Hungarian: Nagypél) is a commune in Arad County, Romania, is situated on the Criș Plateau, in the north-western part of the county, at the western border of Romania. The commune stretches over 7177 ha and is composed of two villages, Pilu (situated at 62 km from Arad) and Vărșand (Gyulavarsánd).
According to the last census the population of the commune counts 1976 inhabitants, out of which 84.0% are Romanians, 7.5% Hungarians, 8.0% Roma and 0.5% are of other or undeclared nationalities.
Although the traces of inhabitance on this place are very old, traces from the Bronze Age having been found in Vârșand, Pilu was first mentioned in documents in 1283, while Vărşand in 1214.
The commune's present-day economy can be characterized by a powerful dynamic force with significant developments in all the sectors. Vârșand is a significant railway frontier crossing point.
- Romanian census data, 2002; retrieved on March 1, 2010
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