Pilumnoidea

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Pilumnoidea
Temporal range: Maastrichtian–Recent
Pilumnus hirtellus.jpg
Pilumnus hirtellus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Suborder: Pleocyemata
Infraorder: Brachyura
Section: Eubrachyura
Subsection: Heterotremata
Superfamily: Pilumnoidea
Samouelle, 1819
Families

Pilumnoidea is a superfamily of crabs,[1][2] whose members were previously included in the Xanthoidea.[3] The three families are unified by the free articulation of all the segments of the male crab's abdomen and by the form of the gonopods.[2] The earliest fossils assigned to this group are of Eocene age.[4]

Classification[edit]

Pilumnidae is by far the largest of the three families, with 73 of the 78 genera:[2]

Pilumnidae Samouelle, 1819
Galenidae Alcock, 1898
Tanaocheleidae Ng & P. F. Clark, 2000

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peter K. L. Ng, Danièle Guinot & Peter J. F. Davie (2008). "Systema Brachyurorum: Part I. An annotated checklist of extant Brachyuran crabs of the world" (PDF). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 17: 1–286. 
  2. ^ a b c Sammy De Grave; N. Dean Pentcheff; Shane T. Ahyong; et al. (2009). "A classification of living and fossil genera of decapod crustaceans" (PDF). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Suppl. 21: 1–109. 
  3. ^ Joel W. Martin & George E. Davis (2001). An Updated Classification of the Recent Crustacea (PDF). Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. p. 132. 
  4. ^ Carrie E. Schweitzer (2003). "Progress on the fossil Xanthoidea MacLeay, 1838 (Decapoda, Brachyura)". Contributions to Zoology. 72 (2/3).