Piman languages

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"Piman" redirects here. For the village in Iran, see Piman, Iran.
Linguistic classification: Uto-Aztecan
Glottolog: tepi1240[1]

Piman (or Tepiman) refers to a group of languages within the Uto-Aztecan family that are spoken by ethnic groups (including the Pima) spanning from Arizona in the north to Durango, Mexico in the south.

The Piman languages are as follows (Campbell 1997):

1. O'odham (AKA Pima language, Papago language)
2. O'ochkam (AKA Mountain Pima, Lowland Pima)
3. O'otham (AKA Northern Tepehuán, Southwestern Tepehuán, Southeastern Tepehuán)
4. Tepecano (†)


Piman languages are agglutinative, where words use suffix complexes for a variety of purposes with several morphemes strung together.


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Tepiman". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 

Campbell, Lyle (2000) [1997]. American Indian Languages: The Historical Linguistics of Native America. Oxford Studies in Anthropological Linguistics, 4. William Bright (series general ed.) (OUP paperback ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509427-1. OCLC 32923907.