Pimenta racemosa

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Pimenta racemosa
Myrcia acris.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Pimenta
Species:
P. racemosa
Binomial name
Pimenta racemosa
(Mill.) J.W.Moore
Synonyms[1]

Pimenta racemosa is a species of plant in the myrtle family (Myrtaceae) that is native to the Caribbean region. Common names include West Indian bay tree,[2] bay rum tree,[2] and ciliment. It is used in cooking and an essential oil is distilled to produce a fragrant cologne called bay rum; although bay rum is primarily rum, the concentrated essential oil is toxic and renders the product undrinkable.[3] The tree is 4–12 m tall and the white flowers, about 10 mm wide, become black, oval fruits measuring 7–12 mm.[4] The plants are now grown widely in other tropical areas, including Oceania. The ideal conditions for P. racemosa are regular irrigation and bright sunshine.

Ecology[edit]

Pimenta racemosa is widely introduced and can become an invasive weed.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of all Plant Species".
  2. ^ a b "Pimenta racemosa". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2012-08-23.
  3. ^ desert-tropicals.com: West Indian Bay Tree, Bay Rum Tree
  4. ^ a b Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): Myrtaceae: Pimenta racemosa (by J.W.Moore)
  5. ^ "USDA PLANTS Profile".

External links[edit]

Data related to Pimenta racemosa at Wikispecies Media related to Pimenta racemosa at Wikimedia Commons