|Directed by||Wim Wenders|
|Written by||Wim Wenders|
|Produced by||Wim Wenders|
|Edited by||Toni Froschhammer|
|Music by||Thomas Hanreich|
|Box office||$14.6 million|
Pina is a 2011 German 3D documentary film directed by Wim Wenders that is about German dancer and choreographer Pina Bausch. On 30 June 2009, during the preparation for the film, Bausch died unexpectedly, so Wenders cancelled the project, but the dancers of Bausch's company, Tanztheater Wuppertal, convinced him to proceed as planned, as a way of memorializing Bausch and some of her choreography.
The film premiered out of competition at the 61st Berlin International Film Festival on 13 February 2011.
The film is structured around groups of excerpts from four of the most-noted dance pieces choreographed by Pina Bausch in the Tanztheater ("dance theater") style, of which she was a leading exponent. Bausch and Wenders had agreed upon which works to highlight, and the excerpts were filmed during stage performances of the full pieces by the dancers of Bausch's Tanztheater Wuppertal shortly after her death, Bausch having rehearsed the works with the company in preparation for the filming. Interspersed with the excerpts are solo and duet dances from many of Bausch's other works that are performed by members of Tanztheater Wuppertal in various outdoor locations around the city of Wuppertal, including in and around the iconic Wuppertal Schwebebahn suspension railway. Many of the dancers also tell a brief story about Bausch via voice-over, and there is some archive footage of Bausch talking and dancing.
The first of the four main pieces that is presented in the film is Le sacre du printemps (Frühlingsopfer, or, The Rite of Spring), which was first performed with Bausch's choreography in 1975. In it, the dancers, separated into male and female groups, move about a stage covered by a thick layer of peat as one of the women is chosen to be sacrificed.
The second main piece is Café Müller, which Bausch choreographed in 1978, inspired by a café she often visited as a child. In a simple setting consisting of some tables and chairs and doors, three sleepwalkers, two women in white nightgowns and a man, stumble around, while one man in a suit frantically moves chairs out of their way and another manipulates the actions of the sleepwalking man and one of the women. A third woman rushes back and forth, unsure what to make of the scene.
The third main piece is Kontakthof ("contact court", or, "courtyard of contact"), which was originally staged by Bausch in 1978 with the members of her dance company, in 2000 with senior citizens (as Kontakthof – Mit Damen und Herren ab 65), and in 2008 with teenagers (as Kontakthof – Mit Teenagern ab 14). Wenders filmed Kontakthof with each of the three generations of the cast, and the film cuts between the performers of different ages as they, using the same choreography, preen and interact at a dance in an auditorium.
The last of the main pieces is Vollmond ("full moon"), which premiered in 2006. In it, the dancers move about on a stage that is partially flooded and features a large rock.
The film is bookended by all of the dancers walking single-file while performing a simple bit of choreography related to the passing seasons with their hands. They are in a theater at the beginning of the film, and on top of the otherworldly Haniel slag heap at the end.
Critical response to the film was overwhelmingly positive. On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, it has an approval rating of 95% based on 106 reviews, and an average rating of 8.3/10; the site's "critics consensus" reads: "Pina is an immersive, gorgeously shot tribute to the people who express life through movement." On Metacritic, it has a weighted average score of 83 out of 100 based on 32 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".
Roger Ebert gave the film three-and-a-half stars out of four. A. O. Scott of The New York Times was enthusiastic about the film, writing: "Choreography is a notoriously perishable art. Dances often struggle to outlive their creators. And Pina is, above all, an act of preservation, a memorial that is also a defiance of mortality — completely alive in every dimension." Kimberley Jones of The Austin Chronicle praised the "utterly transfixing, exhilarating spectacle of bodies in motion" provided by the film.
In the run-up to the 84th Academy Awards, Pina was selected as the German entry for the Best Foreign Language Film category, as well as being submitted for Best Documentary Feature. It was named as one of the 15 shortlisted entries for Best Documentary Feature on 18 November 2011, and it was named as one of the nine shortlisted entries for Best Foreign Language Film on 18 January 2012. On 24 January 2012, the film was nominated for Best Documentary Feature, but it failed to be nominated for Best Foreign Language Film. Had it received Oscar nominations in both categories, it would have been the first film ever to do so.
Additionally, the film was nominated for Best Documentary Screenplay at the 64th Writers Guild of America Awards.
The film was released on DVD and Blu-ray by the Criterion Collection in 2013.
- List of submissions to the 84th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
- List of German submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
- ^ "Pina (2011)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 8 May 2012.
- ^ "First Berlin 2011 Contenders are Revealed". indiemoviesonline.com. Retrieved 3 January 2011.
- ^ Smith, Ian Hayden (2012). International Film Guide 2012. p. 124. ISBN 978-1908215017.
- ^ "Berlinale 2011: First Competition Films". Berlinale. Retrieved 3 January 2011.
- ^ "Pina". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
- ^ "Pina" – via www.metacritic.com.
- ^ Ebert, Roger. "Pina Movie Review & Film Summary (2012)". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
- ^ "'Pina,' a Documentary by Wim Wenders - Review". The New York Times. 22 December 2011. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
- ^ "Pina". Retrieved 5 January 2016.
- ^ "Pina für Deutschland ins Oscar-Rennen". Bild.de. Retrieved 8 September 2011.
- ^ "63 Countries Vie for 2011 Foreign Language Film Oscar". oscars.org. Retrieved 14 October 2011.
- ^ "15 Documentary Features Advance in 2011 Oscar Race". oscars.org. Retrieved 20 January 2012.
- ^ "9 Foreign Language Films Vie for Oscar". oscars.org. Retrieved 20 January 2012.
- ^ "'Pina' Aims for an Unprecedented Double-Play at Oscars". TheWrap.com. Retrieved 20 January 2012.
- ^ "Writers Guild Awards: Complete Winners List". hollywoodreporter.com. The Hollywood Reporter. 19 February 2012. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
- ^ "Pina (2011)". The Criterion Collection. Retrieved 7 October 2021.
- ^ Bowen, Chuck (21 January 2013). "Blu-ray Review: Wim Wenders's Pina on the Criterion Collection". Slant Magazine. Archived from the original on 7 October 2021. Retrieved 7 October 2021.
- Official website
- Pina at IMDb
- Pina at Rotten Tomatoes
- Pina: Dancing for Dance an essay by Siri Hustvedt at the Criterion Collection
- 2011 films
- 2011 3D films
- 2011 documentary films
- 2010s musical films
- Documentary films about modern dance
- Films directed by Wim Wenders
- Films shot in Nordrhein-Westfalen
- German 3D films
- Culture in Wuppertal
- Dance in Germany
- HanWay Films films
- Recorded Picture Company films
- European Film Awards winners (films)
- 2010s German-language films
- 3D documentary films