Pinabacdao, Samar

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Official seal of Pinabacdao
Nickname(s): "The Home of Mayaw-Mayaw Festival"
Motto: "Small Town, Big Dreams"
Map of Samar with Pinabacdao highlighted
Map of Samar with Pinabacdao highlighted
Pinabacdao is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 11°37′N 124°59′E / 11.617°N 124.983°E / 11.617; 124.983Coordinates: 11°37′N 124°59′E / 11.617°N 124.983°E / 11.617; 124.983
Country Philippines
Region Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)
Province Samar
District 2nd district of Samar
Established 1749
Reestablished July 16, 1946
Barangays 24
 • Mayor Engr. Teodorico Mabag[1]
 • Total 183.06 km2 (70.68 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[4]
 • Total 18,252
 • Density 100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6707
IDD:area code +63 (0)55
Income class 4th municipal income class
PSGC 086013000
Electorate 11,147 voters as of 2016
Mayaw-Mayaw Festival of Pinabacdao
Our Lady of Sorrows Parish interior

Pinabacdao, officially the Municipality of Pinabacdao (Waray: Bungto han Pinabacdao; Cebuano: Lungsod sa Pinabacdao; Filipino: Bayan ng Pinabacdao) is a 4th class municipality in the province of Samar, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 18,252 people.[4]

It lies at the south-west central coast of Samar Island and crossed along by the Pan-Philippine Highway. Pinabacdao is bordered to the north by the municipality of Calbiga; to the east by the capital city of Borongan in the province of Eastern Samar; to the west by the municipality of Villareal and Villareal Bay; and to the south by the municipalities of Santa Rita and Basey.

It is considered as the center of rice production in the province of Samar. The home of Mayaw-Mayaw Festival, an ethnic and dance festival celebrated every May 10 of each year.[5] Mayaw-Mayaw Festival won second runner-up in the festival dance competition and first prize winner in the float design competition during the 2015 Aliwan Fiesta which was held on April 23–25 in the cities of Manila and Pasay.[6]


The term "Pinabácdao" or "Pinabakdaw" is a Waray Sinamar-Lineyte dialect that means "asked to stand" in English Language or simply "pinatayó" in Filipino Language. But in the book Atlas de Filipinas by José María Algué, SJ - a Spanish-Roman Catholic priest and meteorologist in the observatory of Manila published in 1899 (In 1900 published in English: Atlas of the Philippine Islands by the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey now U.S. National Geodetic Survey); Pinabacdao was cited as Pinabágdao and listed as a pueblo or town in the former island province of Samar.

Due to lack of official and authenticated historical accounts pertaining to the origin of the town's name, the municipal government is only relying on folktales which was handed from prominent ancestors to their eager descendants. Folktales revealed that the town of Pinabacdao got its present name by the time when the Philippines was still under the Spanish colonial era; the provincial governor of Samar asked Capitan Doquerez (believed to be the founder and first mayor of Pinabacdao) as to what punishment he would impose to those who violated any rule or law. Doquerez insisted that he will not impose fines and imprisonment, instead they will be punished by asking them to "bakdaw" or stand on an ant colony. The Spanish governor was then amused and concluded that since the punishment or "pena" in Spanish language is to "bakdaw" or stand the town deserves to be called "Pena-bakdaw" (respelled as Pinabacdao).[citation needed]

Another folktale or legend surrounding the town suggests that Pinabacdao's name was derived from miscommunication. These was the time when according to the folktale during the early years of settlement, officers from the Samar provincial government (probably on a mapping, census or exploratory survey) passed along the newly organized town and saw a man tied on a pole, standing on an ant colony. The Spanish officers asked one of the townsmen as to what is the name of the place. The townsman, not understanding the question in Spanish and thinking that the officer was pertaining to the tied man standing on ant colony immediately replied in Waray-waray dialect - "Pinabakdaw" or simply "asked to stand". This story was believed to be the reason why the bureaucrats recorded the name of the town as Pinabacdao.

In terms of official government record, the town is officially known as Pinabacdao by virtue of Executive Order No. 2 signed by president Manuel A. Roxas on July 8, 1946 and took effect on July 16, 1946.[7]

Political and Administrative Divisions[edit]

The municipality of Pinabacdao is politically divided into 24 barangays, the smallest unit of local government in the Philippines. Each barangay has its own chairperson and councilors which forms the barangay council (Filipino: "Sanguniang Baranggay").

For administrative and statistical convenience, barangays are group into two districts - the upland barangays and pilot barangays. Upland district is composed of barangays situated in far-flung areas mostly those located in the eastern part of the municipality. Barangays located along Pan-Philippine Highway/National Road or commonly referred as Maharlika Highway (Filipino: "Daang Maharlika") comprises the Pilot district mostly those located in the western coastal and lowland areas. These districts have no form of any local government.

Barangay[A] District Population ±% p.a. Classification PSGC[8]
(2015)[4] (2010)
Bangon Pilot 7.8% 1,425 1,243 2.64% Rural 086013001
Barangay 1, Poblacion Pilot 3.5% 641 656 −0.44% Urban 086013002
Barangay 2, Poblacion Pilot 4.9% 895 766 3.01% Rural 086013003
Botoc Pilot 4.1% 750 697 1.41% Rural 086013004
Bugho Upland 1.4% 254 237 1.33% Rural 086013005
Calampong Pilot 3.1% 572 512 2.13% Rural 086013006
Canlobo Upland 2.1% 392 276 6.91% Rural 086013007
Catigawan Upland 0.7% 135 134 0.14% Rural 086013008
Dolores (Kasang-an) Pilot 4.1% 742 670 1.96% Rural 086013010
Lale Pilot 5.2% 945 820 2.74% Rural 086013011
Lawaan Upland 1.8% 327 305 1.33% Rural 086013012
Laygayon Pilot 5.4% 994 816 2.64% Rural 086013013
Layo Upland 1.4% 260 219 3.32% Rural 086013014
Loctob Upland 1.4% 262 213 4.02% Rural 086013015
Madalunot (Antol) Pilot 5.0% 914 730 4.37% Rural 086013016
Magdawat Upland 2.5% 459 468 −0.37% Rural 086013017
Mambog Pilot 7.7% 1,412 1,368 0.60% Rural 086013018
Manaing Upland 1.7% 312 233 5.72% Rural 086013019
Nabong Pilot 7.2% 1,323 1,084 3.87% Rural 086013026
Obayan Pilot 6.8% 1,234 1,105 2.12% Rural 086013020
Pahug Pilot 5.0% 921 830 2.00% Rural 086013021
Parasanon Pilot 10.4% 1,902 1,736 1.75% Rural 086013022
Pelaon Upland 4.5% 829 754 1.82% Rural 086013023
San Isidro Pilot 1.9% 352 336 0.89% Rural 086013025
Total 18,252 16,208 2.29%
  1. ^ Other names that are known in locality are italicized.


Pinabacdao was established in 1749 but became a barrio in 1902 as part of the Municipality of Calbiga. It was then reestablished by Executive Order No. 02 series of 1946 issued by President Manuel A. Roxas, and separated from Calbiga as a reestablished municipality on July 16, 1946.


Population census of Pinabacdao
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 2,142 —    
1948 5,214 +2.00%
1960 7,472 +3.04%
1970 9,723 +2.67%
1975 8,373 −2.95%
1980 9,389 +2.32%
1990 10,361 +0.99%
1995 11,590 +2.12%
2000 13,167 +2.77%
2007 14,492 +1.33%
2010 16,208 +4.16%
2015 18,252 +2.29%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority [4][9][10][11]


Pinabacdao's climate is classified as tropical. Pinabacdao is a town with a significant rainfall. Even in the driest month there is a lot of rain. This location is classified as Af by Köppen and Geiger. The average annual temperature is 27.1 °C in Pinabacdao. The average annual rainfall is 2739 mm.[12]


To carry out its mandates and objectives, the Philippine Department of Education is organized into two major structural components. The Central Office maintains the overall administration of basic education at the national level. The Field Offices are responsible for the regional and local coordination and administration of the Department’s mandate.[13]

At the sub-national level, the Field Offices are consist of regional offices and provincial/city schools division. Under the supervision of the provincial/city schools division offices are school districts.

School District of Pinabacdao[edit]

Before the creation of a separate school district for the municipality, schools were under the supervision of the District of Pinabacdao-San Sebastian. But due to an increasing number of schools in the municipality, Pinabacdao and San Sebastian municipalities had their own school district . The School District of Pinabacdao is tasked to manage and govern schools except the three secondary schools which are under the direct supervision of the Schools Division of Samar.

Primary Schools
  • Bugho Primary School (BPS)
  • Canlobo Primary School (CanPS)
  • Catigawan Primary School (CPS)
  • Loctob Primary School (LPS)
  • Magdawat Primary School (MPS)
Elementary schools
  • Bangon Elementary School (BES)
  • Botoc Elementary School (BotES)
  • Calampong Elementary School (CES)
  • Dolores Elementary School (DES)
  • Lale Elementary School (LES)
  • Laygayon Elementary School (LayES)
  • Madalunot Elementary School (MadES)
  • Mambog Elementary School (MES)
  • Nabong Elementary School (NES)
  • Obayan Elementary School (OES)
  • Pahug Elementary School (PES)
  • Parasanon Elementary School (ParES)
  • Pinabacdao Central Elementary School (PCES)

Secondary/High Schools[edit]

Name of School Abbreviation Campus Location
Parasanon National High School ParNHS Main Barangay Parasanon
Pinabacdao National High School PNHS Main Barangay 1, Poblacion
Quintin Quijano Sr. Agricultural School

(former West Coast Agricultural High School-WCAHS)

QQSAS Main Barangay Mambog

College and Training Center[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Election Results for Pinabacdao WSA". ivoteph. Retrieved 30 June 2016. 
  2. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  3. ^ "Province: Samar (Western Samar)". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  5. ^ "Eastern Visayas Festivals and Events". Visit My Philippines. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  6. ^ "Aliwan Fiesta 2015". Aliwan Fiesta. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  7. ^ "Executive Order No. 02, s.1946". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 5 June 2015. 
  8. ^ "PSGC Active Statistics". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 30 June 2016. 
  9. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  10. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  11. ^ "Province of Samar (Western Samar)". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  12. ^ "Pinabacdao Climate". Climate-Data Org. Retrieved 5 June 2015. 
  13. ^ "DepEd Structural Components". DepEd Central Office. Retrieved 5 June 2016. 

External links[edit]