|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2010)|
|Bayan ng Pinabacdao
Municipality of Pinabacdao
Bungtó han Pinabácdao
|Nickname(s): "The Home of Mayaw-Mayaw Festival"|
|Motto: "Small Town, Big Dreams"|
Map of Samar with Pinabacdao highlighted
|Region||Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)|
|Congr. district||2nd district of Samar|
|Reestablished||July 16, 1946|
|• Mayor||Mario L. Quijano, M.D.|
|• Total||183.06 km2 (70.68 sq mi)|
|• Density||89/km2 (230/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
Pinabacdao, officially the Municipality of Pinabacdao (Waray-Waray: Bungtó han Pinabácdao; Cebuano: Lungsod sa Pinabacdao; Filipino: Bayan ng Pinabacdao) is a fourth class municipality  in the province of Samar, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 16,208.
It lies at the southwest central coast of Samar Island and crossed along by the Pan-Philippine Highway. Pinabacdao is bordered to the north by the municipality of Calbiga; to the east by the capital city of Borongan in the province of Eastern Samar; to the west by the municipality of Villareal and Villareal Bay; and to the south by the municipalities of Santa Rita and Basey.
It is considered as the center of rice production in the province of Samar. The home of Mayaw-Mayaw Festival, an ethnic and dance festival celebrated every May 10 of each year. Mayaw-Mayaw Festival won second runner-up in the festival dance competition and first prize winner in the float design competition during the 2015 Aliwan Fiesta which was held on April 23–25 in the cities of Manila and Pasay.
The term "Pinabácdao" or "Pinabakdaw" is a Waray Sinamar-Lineyte dialect that means "asked to stand" in English Language or simply "pinatayó" in Filipino Language. But in the book Atlas de Filipinas by José María Algué, SJ - a Spanish-Roman Catholic priest and meteorologist in the observatory of Manila published in 1899 (In 1900 published in English: Atlas of the Philippine Islands by the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey now U.S. National Geodetic Survey); Pinabacdao was cited as Pinabágdao and listed as a pueblo or town in the former island province of Samar.
Due to lack of official and authenticated historical accounts pertaining to the origin of the town's name, the municipal government is only relying on folktales which was handed from prominent ancestors to their eager descendants. Folktales revealed that the town of Pinabacdao got its present name by the time when the Philippines was still under the Spanish colonial era; the provincial governor of Samar asked Capitan Doquerez (believed to be the founder and first mayor of Pinabacdao) as to what punishment he would impose to those who violated any rule or law. Doquerez insisted that he will not impose fines and imprisonment, instead they will be punished by asking them to "bakdaw" or stand on an ant colony. The Spanish governor was then amused and concluded that since the punishment or "pena" in Spanish language is to "bakdaw" or stand the town deserves to called "Pena-bakdaw" (respelled as Pinabacdao).
Another folktale or legend surrounding the town suggests that Pinabacdao's name was derived from miscommunication. These was the time when according to the folktale during the early years of settlement, officers from the Samar provincial government (probably on a mapping, census or exploratory survey) passed along the newly organized town and saw a man tied on a pole, standing on an ant colony. The Spanish officers asked one of the townsmen as to what is the name of the place. The townsman, not understanding the question in Spanish and thinking that the officer was pertaining to the tied man standing on ant colony immediately replied in Waray-waray dialect - "Pinabakdaw" or simply "asked to stand". This story was believed to be the reason why the bureaucrats recorded the name of the town as Pinabacdao.
In terms of offcial government record, the town is officially known as Pinabacdao by virtue of Executive Order No. 2 signed by president Manuel A. Roxas on July 8, 1946 and took effect on July 16, 1946. 
Districts and Barangays
The municipality of Pinabacdao is politically divided into 24 barangays, the smallest unit of local government in the Philippines. Each barangay has its own chairperson and councilors which forms the Filipino: "Sanguniang Baranggay" or barangay council.
For administrative and statistical convenience, barangays are group into two districts - the upland barangays and pilot barangays. Upland district is composed of barangays situated in far-flung areas mostly those located in the eastern part of the municipality. Barangays located along Pan-Philippine Highway or Filipino: "Daang Maharlika"/National Road comprises the pilot district mostly those located in the western coastal and lowland areas. These districts have no form of local government.
|Barangay||District||Population (as of 2010) |
|Barangay 1, Poblacion||Pilot||656|
|Barangay 2, Poblacion||Pilot||766|
Pinabacdao was established in 1749 but became a barrio in 1902 as part of the Municipality of Calbiga. It was then reestablished by Executive Order No. 02 series of 1946 issued by President Manuel A. Roxas, and separated from Calbiga as a reestablished municipality on July 16, 1946.
|Population census of Pinabacdao|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Pinabacdao's climate is classified as tropical. Pinabacdao is a town with a significant rainfall. Even in the driest month there is a lot of rain. This location is classified as Af by Köppen and Geiger. The average annual temperature is 27.1 °C in Pinabacdao. The average annual rainfall is 2739 mm.
To carry out its mandates and objectives, the Philippine Department of Education is organized into two major structural components. The Central Office maintains the overall administration of basic education at the national level. The Field Offices are responsible for the regional and local coordination and administration of the Department’s mandate.
At the sub-national level, the Field Offices are consist of regional offices and provincial/city schools division. Under the supervision of the provincial/city schools division offices are school districts.
School District of Pinabacdao
Due to an increasing number of schools in the municipality, the School District of Pinabacdao was created. It is tasked to manage and govern schools except the two secondary schools which are under the direct supervision of the Division of Samar.
- Primary Schools