Pinabacdao, Samar

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Bayan ng Pinabacdao
Municipality of Pinabacdao
Bungtó han Pinabácdao
Nickname(s): "The Home of Mayaw-Mayaw Festival"
Motto: "Small Town, Big Dreams"
Map of Samar with Pinabacdao highlighted
Map of Samar with Pinabacdao highlighted
Pinabacdao is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 11°37′N 124°59′E / 11.617°N 124.983°E / 11.617; 124.983Coordinates: 11°37′N 124°59′E / 11.617°N 124.983°E / 11.617; 124.983
Country Philippines
Region Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)
Province Samar
Congr. district 2nd district of Samar
Established 1749
Reestablished July 16, 1946
Barangays 24
 • Mayor Mario L. Quijano, M.D.
 • Total 183.06 km2 (70.68 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 16,208
 • Density 89/km2 (230/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Pinabakdawanon
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6716
Dialing code 55
Mayaw-Mayaw Festival of Pinabacdao
Our Lady of Sorrows Parish interior

Pinabacdao, officially the Municipality of Pinabacdao (Waray-Waray: Bungtó han Pinabácdao; Cebuano: Lungsod sa Pinabacdao; Filipino: Bayan ng Pinabacdao) is a fourth class municipality [4] in the province of Samar, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 16,208.[3]

It lies at the southwest central coast of Samar Island and crossed along by the Pan-Philippine Highway. Pinabacdao is bordered to the north by the municipality of Calbiga; to the east by the capital city of Borongan in the province of Eastern Samar; to the west by the municipality of Villareal and Villareal Bay; and to the south by the municipalities of Santa Rita and Basey.

It is considered as the center of rice production in the province of Samar. The home of Mayaw-Mayaw Festival, an ethnic and dance festival celebrated every May 10 of each year.[5] Mayaw-Mayaw Festival won second runner-up in the festival dance competition and first prize winner in the float design competition during the 2015 Aliwan Fiesta which was held on April 23–25 in the cities of Manila and Pasay.[6]


The term "Pinabácdao" or "Pinabakdaw" is a Waray Sinamar-Lineyte dialect that means "asked to stand" in English Language or simply "pinatayó" in Filipino Language. But in the book Atlas de Filipinas by José María Algué, SJ - a Spanish-Roman Catholic priest and meteorologist in the observatory of Manila published in 1899 (In 1900 published in English: Atlas of the Philippine Islands by the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey now U.S. National Geodetic Survey); Pinabacdao was cited as Pinabágdao and listed as a pueblo or town in the former island province of Samar.

Due to lack of official and authenticated historical accounts pertaining to the origin of the town's name, the municipal government is only relying on folktales which was handed from prominent ancestors to their eager descendants. Folktales revealed that the town of Pinabacdao got its present name by the time when the Philippines was still under the Spanish colonial era; the provincial governor of Samar asked Capitan Doquerez (believed to be the founder and first mayor of Pinabacdao) as to what punishment he would impose to those who violated any rule or law. Doquerez insisted that he will not impose fines and imprisonment, instead they will be punished by asking them to "bakdaw" or stand on an ant colony. The Spanish governor was then amused and concluded that since the punishment or "pena" in Spanish language is to "bakdaw" or stand the town deserves to called "Pena-bakdaw" (respelled as Pinabacdao).[citation needed]

Another folktale or legend surrounding the town suggests that Pinabacdao's name was derived from miscommunication. These was the time when according to the folktale during the early years of settlement, officers from the Samar provincial government (probably on a mapping, census or exploratory survey) passed along the newly organized town and saw a man tied on a pole, standing on an ant colony. The Spanish officers asked one of the townsmen as to what is the name of the place. The townsman, not understanding the question in Spanish and thinking that the officer was pertaining to the tied man standing on ant colony immediately replied in Waray-waray dialect - "Pinabakdaw" or simply "asked to stand". This story was believed to be the reason why the bureaucrats recorded the name of the town as Pinabacdao.

In terms of official government record, the town is officially known as Pinabacdao by virtue of Executive Order No. 2 signed by president Manuel A. Roxas on July 8, 1946 and took effect on July 16, 1946. [7]

Districts and Barangays[edit]

The municipality of Pinabacdao is politically divided into 24 barangays,[2] the smallest unit of local government in the Philippines. Each barangay has its own chairperson and councilors which forms the Filipino: "Sanguniang Baranggay" or barangay council.

For administrative and statistical convenience, barangays are group into two districts - the upland barangays and pilot barangays. Upland district is composed of barangays situated in far-flung areas mostly those located in the eastern part of the municipality. Barangays located along Pan-Philippine Highway or Filipino: "Daang Maharlika"/National Road comprises the pilot district mostly those located in the western coastal and lowland areas. These districts have no form of local government.

Barangay District Population (as of 2010) [8]
Bangon Pilot 1, 243
Barangay 1, Poblacion Pilot 656
Barangay 2, Poblacion Pilot 766
Botoc Pilot 697
Bugho Upland 237
Calampong Pilot 512
Canlobo Upland 276
Catigawan Upland 134
Dolores (Kasang-an) Pilot 670
Lale Pilot 820
Lawaan Upland 305
Laygayon Pilot 816
Layo Upland 219
Loctob Upland 213
Madalunot (Antol) Pilot 730
Magdawat Upland 468
Mambog Pilot 1, 368
Manaing Upland 233
Nabong Pilot 1, 084
Obayan Pilot 1, 105
Pahug Pilot 830
Parasanon Pilot 1, 736
Pelaon Upland 754
San Isidro Pilot 336


Pinabacdao was established in 1749 but became a barrio in 1902 as part of the Municipality of Calbiga. It was then reestablished by Executive Order No. 02 series of 1946 issued by President Manuel A. Roxas, and separated from Calbiga as a reestablished municipality on July 16, 1946.


Population census of Pinabacdao
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 10,361 —    
1995 11,590 +2.12%
2000 13,167 +2.77%
2007 14,492 +1.33%
2010 16,208 +4.16%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][9]


Pinabacdao's climate is classified as tropical. Pinabacdao is a town with a significant rainfall. Even in the driest month there is a lot of rain. This location is classified as Af by Köppen and Geiger. The average annual temperature is 27.1 °C in Pinabacdao. The average annual rainfall is 2739 mm.[10]


To carry out its mandates and objectives, the Philippine Department of Education is organized into two major structural components. The Central Office maintains the overall administration of basic education at the national level. The Field Offices are responsible for the regional and local coordination and administration of the Department’s mandate.[11]

At the sub-national level, the Field Offices are consist of regional offices and provincial/city schools division. Under the supervision of the provincial/city schools division offices are school districts.[11]

School District of Pinabacdao[edit]

Due to an increasing number of schools in the municipality, the School District of Pinabacdao was created. It is tasked to manage and govern schools except the two secondary schools which are under the direct supervision of the Division of Samar.

Primary Schools
  • Bugho Primary School (BPS)
  • Canlobo Primary School (CanPS)
  • Catigawan Primary School (CPS)
  • Loctob Primary School (LPS)
  • Magdawat Primary School (MPS)

Elementary schools
  • Botoc Elementary School (BES)
  • Calampong Elementary School (CES)
  • Dolores Elementary School (DES)
  • Lale Elementary School (LES)
  • Laygayon Elementary School (LayES)
  • Madalunot Elementary School (MadES)
  • Mambog Elementary School (MES)
  • Nabong Elementary School (NES)
  • Obayan Elementary School (OES)
  • Pahug Elementary School (PES)
  • Parasanon Elementary School (ParES)
  • Pinabacdao Central Elementary School (PCES)

Secondary/High Schools[edit]

Name of School Abbreviation Campus Location
Pinabacdao National High School PNHS
  • Main
  • Parasanon Annex
  • Barangay 1, Poblacion
  • Barangay Parasanon
Quintin Quijano Sr. Agricultural School

(former West Coast Agricultural High School-WCAHS)

QQSAS - Barangay Mambog

College and Training Center[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Samar (Western Samar)". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  4. ^  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ "Executive Order No. 02, s.1946". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 5 June 2015. 
  8. ^ (PDF)  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ "Province of Western Samar". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  10. ^  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ a b  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]