Pinang Peranakan Mansion
|Pinang Peranakan Mansion|
|Former names||Hai Kee Chàn (Hokkien)|
|Type||Historic house museum|
|Architectural style||Straits Chinese Eclectic|
29 Church Street,|
10200 George Town,
|Town or city||George Town, Penang|
|Current tenants||Pinang Peranakan Mansion Sdn. Bhd.|
|Criteria||ii, iii, iv|
|Designated||2008 (32nd session)|
The Pinang Peranakan Mansion (Malay: Rumah Agam Peranakan Pulau Pinang) in George Town, Penang, Malaysia, is a museum dedicated to Penang's Peranakan heritage. The museum itself is housed within a distinctive green-hued mansion at Church Street, George Town, which once served as the residence and office of a 19th century Chinese tycoon, Chung Keng Quee.
The mansion contains thousands of Peranakan artifacts, antiques and collectibles, as well as showcasing Peranakan interior design and customs, such as the typical grand long dining table (Malay: tok panjang). Due to its unique architecture and interior design that reflect the lifestyles of the Peranakans in Penang, the mansion has been featured in television series and reality TV shows, such as The Little Nyonya, The Amazing Race and The Amazing Race Asia.
The mansion itself was formerly named Hai Kee Chan, which means the 'Sea Remembrance Hall' in Penang Hokkien, by Chung Keng Quee, who was the Kapitan China of Perak and one of the richest men in Penang in the late 19th century. He commissioned the construction of the mansion in the 1890s, having bought the piece of land in 1893. The site was formerly used by the Ghee Hin, a Chinese secret society that was a rival of Chung's Hai San. Both societies had clashed in the 1867 Penang Riots, which ultimately led to the decline of the Ghee Hin.
The Straits Eclectic-style mansion, originally painted white, incorporated both European and Chinese designs. A five foot way was indented along the building's side facade, while the interior contains a number of wide courtyards similar to the Chinese townhouses of the era. Chung also acquired European interior furnishings for his new mansion, such as Scottish cast iron works and Stoke-on-Trent ceramic floor tiles. These European features were incorporated with Chinese elements, such as the carved wooden panels and screen for the walls.
In addition, a temple honouring Chung himself was built next to the mansion. A life-sized statue of Chung still stands inside the temple, which is also adorned with portraits of Chung and his family members.
Chung Keng Quee died in 1901 and the mansion was passed down to his descendants. However, the mansion gradually became derelict. It was acquired by a property developer in the 1990s, who repainted it green and, with over 1,000 Peranakan antiques, turned it into a museum dedicated to Penang's Peranakan culture.
- The Little Nyonya (Singapore, 2008)
- The Amazing Race 16
- The Amazing Race Asia 4
- The Iron Lady (TV series) (Malaysia, 2009)
- The Journey: A Voyage
- Crazy Rich Asians (film)
- "Pinang Peranakan Mansion Home Page". www.pinangperanakanmansion.com.my. Retrieved 2016-11-17.
- II, Administrator. "Pinang Peranakan Mansion". www.visitpenang.gov.my. Archived from the original on 2016-04-06. Retrieved 2016-11-17.
- "The Amazing Race Season 16 Episode 8 - CBS.com". CBS. Retrieved 2016-11-17.
- The Chinese in Penang - A Pictorial History (Binglang Yu Hua ren shi tu lu), Tan, Kim-Hong, ISBN 978-983-42834-7-6
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