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|• Body||Pinarayi Grama Panchayath|
|• Total||20.54 km2 (7.93 sq mi)|
|• Density||770/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|• Official||Malayalam, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-KL|
|Vehicle registration||KL 58 KL 13|
|Sex ratio||1000M/1047F ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha Constituency||Kannur|
|Vidhan Sabha Constituency||Dharmadam|
Pinarayi is 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the district headquarters Kannur. The nearest town and railway station is Thalassery which is 8 km (5.0 mi) away. The village is surrounded by rivers on three sides, and the remaining boundaries consist of five panchayats: Kadirur, Dharmadam, Peralassery, Vengad, Kottayam and Erancholi. The Arabian sea is just 5 km (3.1 mi) away. For administrational purposes the panchayat is divided into two villages Eruvatty and Pinarayi. Pinarayi consists of 15 wards and almost all wards contains one or more primary schools.
Hundreds of years ago feudal fights between Kottayam-Malabar and Kolathunadu rulers were common in this village and many people died during these fights. Thus it is believed that the name Pinarayi derived from pinam (Malayalam from "dead body") and Azhi means fire where cremations carried out.
In the 1920s peasant and teachers organizations were strong in this village and there was widespread support for the freedom movement. As a part of the independence struggle, a boycott of foreign clothes was conducted in 1930, its leaders being AKG, AK Sankaran Nambiar, Kacherikkandi Chathukkutty and Thattari Kunhiraman. In 1938 seven thousand peasants marched from Pinarayi to Kottayam kovilakam for reducing varam and pattam (rent paid by peasants to landlords). The population of Pinarayi during that time was around 10,000. This was considered as the first instant of unified mass movement against landlordism.NE Balaram, AKG, Kundancheri Kunhiraman master, Pandyala Gopalan Master, Pinarayi Krishnan master and TV Govindan Nair were the leaders.
Pinarayi is considered as a Marxist bastion, and the first communist meeting was held at a place called ParaParam in Pinarayi and communist party formally constituted in this meeting. Pinarayi Vijayan, the former State Secretary of Communist Party of India (Marxist) and the chief minister elect in May 2016, is a native of this village, and he is usually simply referred to by his village name.
- 1957-1961: Krishnan.P.M (un-united Pinarayi)
- 1961-1964: Kunhukutty master
- 1964-1967: TV Achuthan Nair
- 1967-1979: P Nanu
- 1979-1994: Pandyala Gopalan master
- 1995-2005: Kakkoth Rajan
- 2005-2010: V Leela
- 2010-2015: Konki Raveendran
- From 2015: Geethamma
Pinarayi has had primary education for more than 150 years.
Kulathumkara village school that was established in the 1840s by Therela Kannan Gurikkal was later renamed as Therala lower primary school. However, in 1992 the Kerala state government closed the school arguing that it was uneconomic.
The Roman Catholic Amala Basic UP school was founded in 1919 by a missionary by the name of Fernandes, the first school in the village to provide English-medium education, drawing students also from neighboring villages.
On 10 June 1977 a high school was inaugurated at Pinarayi in the memory of the communist leader AKG. Its campus has an area of 3.15 acres (12,700 m2). Later this school was upgraded to higher secondary. High school and higher secondary studies are offered mainly by the A.K.G Memorial Higher secondary school. With the exception of this high school all the other schools were established in first part of 19th century. In total there are 9 lower primary schools and 6 upper primary schools and all these are under private management. There is no technical institution in the village. A computer training facility is offered by the Pinarayi Electronics Industrial co-operative society (PELISO). Three parallel colleges are there in this Panchayat.
But Co-operative sector is very strong and it compensated to industrial backwardness to an extent. This village is considered to be having the highest number of Co-operative societies . Around 35 co-operative societies are there in this village. First co-operative society of this village was started in 1922. Totally there are 3 credit societies, 16 industrial co-operative societies, 6 school co-operative societies and 2 others. Peoples are the ultimate decision makers and investors in these societies. These societies are providing service in almost every aspect of life like banking, education, printing, milk and public distributions, garments manufacturing, hotels, health care, recreations, markets and stores, manufacturing, Information Technology etc. Pinarayi Service co-operative bank, Pinarayi Industrial co-operative society, Pinarayi beedi workers Industrial co-operative society (DINESH), Pinarayi women's multi Industrial co-operative society are leading co-operative societies. More than 2000 peoples are working in beedi manufacturing sector.Pole casting unit in Pinarayi Industrial co-operative society manufactures 7 m, 8m and 9 m pre stressed concrete poles and supplies to Kerala State Electricity Board for using in the construction of distribution lines.
Peoples Planning Programme
Peoples Planning Programme revolutionized the development of the Panchayat. Pinarayi grama panchayat was chosen as the best panchayat in the district. Its grama sabha meetings registered a consistently high attendance, its 121 neighborhood committees have been active, it has achieved a 100 per cent revenue and tax collection record, and its utilization of plan funds - especially those in the productive sector - has been outstanding. It has been particularly successful in the implementation of its total sanitation programme whereby 2,500 houses have been provided with private latrines. This panchayat is a busy, focused unit of administration that has its ears to the ground. In coming years it is our responsibility to prove that we are among the best in the country.
As of 2001 India census, Pinarayi had a population of 15,828. Males constitute 47% of the population and females 53%. Pinarayi has an average literacy rate of 86%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 88%, and female literacy is 85%. In Pinarayi, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Places of worship
The national highway passes through Thalassery town. Goa and Mumbai can be accessed on the northern side and Cochin and Thiruvananthapuram can be accessed on the southern side. The road to the east of Iritty connects to Mysore and Bangalore. The nearest railway station is Thalassery on Mangalore-Palakkad line. Trains are available to almost all parts of India subject to advance booking over the internet. There are airports at Mangalore and Calicut. Both of them are international airports but direct flights are available only to Middle Eastern countries.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.