Pinchas Goldschmidt

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Rabbi Pinchas Goldschmidt
Rabbi Pinchas Goldschmidt, 2011 in Speyer, Inauguration of the Speyer-Synagogue Beith-Schalom

Pinchas Goldschmidt (born 21 July 1963) has been the Chief Rabbi of Moscow, Russia since 1993.[1] serving at the Moscow Choral Synagogue. He also founded and heads the Moscow Rabbinical court of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) since 1989, and since 2011 serves as President of the Conference of European Rabbis (CER) which unites over seven hundred communal rabbis from Dublin to Khabarovsk.

Biography[edit]

Rabbi Pinchas Goldschmidt, who was born in Zurich, Switzerland, a central figure in the Russian Jewish community, serves as Chief Rabbi of Moscow since 1993. He is the spiritual leader of the central synagogue of Moscow, founded and heads the Moscow Rabbinical Court of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). He is a senior figure in the Congress of the Jewish Religious Organizations and Associations in Russia, a major umbrella organization of Jewish communities in Russia. In 1990 he created the guidelines in conjunction with the Israeli Ministry of Interior to reconfirm Jews who have hidden their Jewish identity during Soviet times.[2]

Goldschmidt arrived in Russia in 1989 and began playing an instrumental role in re-establishing Jewish life and communal structures for the Jewish community, including the establishment of schools, kindergartens, a rabbinical court, a burial society, kosher restaurants and soup kitchens, rabbinical schools and political umbrella structures, such as the Russian Jewish Congress and the Congress of the Jewish Religious Organizations and Associations in Russia (CJROAR).[3]

Goldschmidt represents the Russian Jewish community politically. He published op-eds in the international press pertaining to the issues of the day. He has also addressed the US Senate, the EU Parliament, The Council of Europe, The Israeli Knesset, Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu's "Neeman Commission", Oxford University, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe Berlin Conference on anti-Semitism, and Harvard University, discussing the state of the Jewish Community, and the threats of anti-Semitism.[4]

Pinchas Goldschmidt with the heads of the main EU institutions, Jerzy Buzek, José Manuel Barroso and Herman Van Rompuy at a Gathering of Religious Leaders in Brussels, May 2011

In January 2005, five hundred people, including newspaper editors, public intellectuals and 19 Duma deputies published an appeal to the Prosecutor General of Russia. The petitioners called for the closure of Jewish organized life in Russia. A subsequent television call-in show, during which 100,000 people phoned in, revealed that 54% of the participants supported the idea of banning all Jewish organizations in Russia. Goldschmidt wrote a detailed response to all the accusations and addressed the letter to Dmitriy Rogozin, leader of the nationalist Rodina (Motherland) party, who, after receiving Goldschmidt's letter, apologized and distanced himself from the petition.[5]

Goldschmidt was deported from Russia during September 2005, and was allowed to return to his community after three months, only after an international campaign.[6] In 2010 by special order of Russia's president, Dmitry Medvedev, he was made a citizen of Russia. He takes an active part in interfaith dialogue gatherings with Christians and Muslims in New York,[7] Paris,[8][not in citation given] Astana,[9] Seville, Vienna and Moscow.[10]

He also leads the Conference of European Rabbis, the rabbinical umbrella group of Europe (uniting four hundred rabbis from Dublin to Khabarovsk) as the chairman of the Standing Committee.[11]

Goldschmidt besides his rabbinical ordination possesses an MA from Ner Israel Rabbinical College, as well as a MS from Johns Hopkins University. He also studied at Ponevezh Yeshiva, (1979–1981), Telshe Yeshiva, Chicago, Il (1981–1982), Shevet Umechokek Institute for Rabbinical Judges headed by Rabbi Zalman Nechemia Goldberg, (1985–1986) and Harry Fischel Institute for Talmudic Research, Jerusalem, Israel (1986–1987). He authored articles on issues of Jewish law regarding post-Soviet Jewry and has published a collection of responsas with a compilation of Russian Jewish names "Zikaron Basefer", (Moscow 1996).[12]

Goldschmidt during the WEF 2013

Rabbi Goldschmidt has been awarded Certification as candidate for the Position of Chief Rabbi in Israel or in one of the cities in Israel by the Council of the Chief Rabbinate of Israel in the year 2002.[13] Rabbi Goldschmidt is married and has seven children.

In the spring of 2009, Goldschmidt was Visiting Scholar at the Davis Center in Harvard. [14]

Since July 2011, Goldschmidt is the new president of the Conference of European Rabbis. He was elected by the CER's Standing Committee meeting in London and succeeds the former Chief Rabbi of France (1987–2009), Joseph Sitruk, who had held the post since 1999. Only the fourth president of the CER in its 54-year history, Rabbi Goldschmidt is the first to hold the post from outside Western Europe.[15]

In his role as president of the CER, Goldschmidt has focused on ensuring Jewish continuity in Europe, as well as fighting legislation across European countries against ritual slaughter and circumcision.

Under Goldschmidt, the CER has also engaged in interfaith dialogue and was a leading figure in authoring and gaining endorsement for the 2016 document “From Jerusalem to Rome”, the first Jewish theological response to the Catholic church’s Nostra Aetate, issued 51 years ago, which repudiated the notion of the collective guilt of the Jewish people for Jesus’s death.

The rabbi also established the Muslim Jewish Leadership Council to help create a dialogue between Europe’s Muslims and Jews and to renew respect and appreciation of religious identities.

On July 27, 2016 the Government of the French Republic awarded to Rabbi Pinchas Goldschmidt the title of Chevalier of the National Order of the Legion of Honor for his paramount contribution to the strengthening of relations between Russia and France.

The Jerusalem Post in its yearly list of the fifty most influential Jews in the world, in 2018 placed Rabbi Goldschmidt on 31st place.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The History of Moscow Religious Jewish Community". TicketsOfRUSSIA.ru. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
  2. ^ Zomet Institute
  3. ^ "Moscow Rabbi Returns – 12.19.2005". National Coalition Supporting Soviet Jewry. Archived from the original on 5 September 2012.
  4. ^ "CSCE :: Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe". Csce.gov. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
  5. ^ JTA 23 June 2005 Lev Krichevsky
  6. ^ Agencies, News (27 September 2005). "Russian Jewish groups demand answers in rabbi deportation case Israel News". Haaretz. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
  7. ^ "Inter-Faith Dialogue with Imams and Rabbis from 11 European Countries" (PDF). US Federation for Middle East Peace. 2009.
  8. ^ "Ecumenism in Canada archive: June 2002". Ecumenism in Canada. June 2002. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012.
  9. ^ "Новости Ирана". Iran.ru. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
  10. ^ "Русская Православная Церковь. Отдел внешних церковных связей". Mospat.ru. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
  11. ^ ועידת רבני אירופה (21 July 1963). "President". Conference of European Rabbis. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
  12. ^ "Bar Ilan University – Project Cotar". Biu.ac.il. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
  13. ^ Psalms 119, 126. "HULYA – Young Rabbis for European Jewry". Matanel Foundation. Archived from the original on 6 January 2014. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
  14. ^ "[Daviscalendar-list] 5/6 seminar reminder and 5/14 addition to the May calendar". Lists.fas.harvard.edu. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
  15. ^ "London – Rabbi Pinchas Goldschmidt Elected President of the Conference of European Rabbis". VosIzNeias.com. 28 June 2011. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
  16. ^ https://www.jpost.com/50-most-influential-jews/31-Rabbis-Berel-Lazar-and-Pinchas-Goldschmidt-565500

External links[edit]