Pine Bluff State Hospital
|Pine Bluff State Hospital|
|State of Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene|
|Location||1500 - 1514 Riverside Drive, Salisbury, Maryland, United States|
|Lists||Hospitals in Maryland|
Pine Bluff State Hospital was a tuberculosis sanatorium and isolation hospital in Salisbury, Maryland, in the United States. The hospital was built by The Pine Bluff Sanatorium Company. The hospital grounds contain three parcels, the first is 0.46 acres (0.19 ha), the second is 1.534 acres (0.621 ha), and the third 8.35 acres (3.38 ha).
When the hospital opened in 1912, it was a private institution managed by the Superintendent Edward Peyton Ritchings, M.D.. A portion of the construction was funded by the state legislature in fiscal year 1912 and 1913 in the amount of $15,000 for the building, $5,000 for additions, and $5,000 for maintenance.
- In 1913, the hospital began erecting outside shacks for the use of colored patients.
- In 1928, the hospital became state owned.
- In 1937–1938, Dr. Paul Cohen became the superintendent, replacing Dr. Alva Burton Burris.
- The hospital received its present name in 1949.
When the hospital was closed in 1977, the large parcel of 8.35 acres, where the hospital was located, was leased to Pine Bluff Associates on the ground rent system from the State of Maryland. A large retirement apartment complex was constructed. The property was later sold to Pine Bluff Associates in 2012 and then Pine Bluff Estates, LLC in 2014.
The smallest parcel has been vacant since 2011. It contains an office building built in 1935. It was leased for years by the local nonprofit, MAC, Inc., an agency to maintain active citizens. In 2014 it was sold by the State to Pine Bluff Estates, LLC.
- Maryland Department of Assessments & Taxation Real Property Data - 1500 Riverside Drive
- Maryland Department of Assessments & Taxation Real Property Data - 1508 Riverside Drive
- Maryland Department of Assessments & Taxation Real Property Data - 1514 Riverside Drive
- A Tuberculosis Directory. New York: The National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis. 1916. p. 317. Retrieved January 8, 2013.
- Maryland State Archives Maryland Manual 1961-62
- Maryland State Archives Maryland Manual 1971-72
- "Building Some Colored Shacks". The Wicomico News. February 20, 1913.
- Asylum Projects Pine Bluff State Hospital
- Baltimore Sun Mabel J. Cohen Obituary
- Washington College Dr. Alva Burton Burris Obituary