Pine Hill, New Jersey

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Pine Hill, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Pine Hill
Motto: "Home for a Lifetime"
Pine Hill highlighted in Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County in the State of New Jersey.
Pine Hill highlighted in Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Pine Hill, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Pine Hill, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°47′13″N 74°59′05″W / 39.786806°N 74.984657°W / 39.786806; -74.984657Coordinates: 39°47′13″N 74°59′05″W / 39.786806°N 74.984657°W / 39.786806; -74.984657[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Camden
Incorporated April 23, 1929
Government[6]
 • Type Borough
 • Body Borough Council
 • Mayor Christopher Green (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Administrator / Clerk Jennica Bileci[4][5]
Area[1]
 • Total 3.913 sq mi (10.136 km2)
 • Land 3.871 sq mi (10.026 km2)
 • Water 0.042 sq mi (0.109 km2)  1.08%
Area rank 301st of 566 in state
9th of 37 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 174 ft (53 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 10,233
 • Estimate (2014)[11] 10,464
 • Rank 239th of 566 in state
14th of 37 in county[12]
 • Density 2,643.4/sq mi (1,020.6/km2)
 • Density rank 236th of 566 in state
26th of 37 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08021[13][14]
Area code(s) 856[15]
FIPS code 3400758770[1][16][17]
GNIS feature ID 0885352[1][18]
Website www.pinehillboronj.com

Pine Hill is a borough in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough had a population of 10,233,[8][9][10] reflecting a decline of 647 (-5.9%) from the 10,880 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,026 (+10.4%) from the 9,854 counted in the 1990 Census.[19]

The Borough of Pine Hill was created on April 23, 1929, from Clementon Township, one of seven municipalities created from the now-defunct township, and one of five new municipalities (including Hi-Nella Borough, Lindenwold Borough, Pine Valley Borough and Somerdale Borough) created on that same date.[20]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 3.913 square miles (10.136 km2), including 3.871 square miles (10.026 km2) of land and 0.042 square miles (0.109 km2) of water (1.08%).[1][2]

The borough borders Berlin Borough, Clementon Borough, Gloucester Township, Lindenwold, Pine Valley, Winslow Township.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 1,392
1940 1,537 10.4%
1950 2,546 65.6%
1960 3,939 54.7%
1970 5,132 30.3%
1980 8,684 69.2%
1990 9,854 13.5%
2000 10,880 10.4%
2010 10,233 −5.9%
Est. 2014 10,464 [21] 2.3%
Population sources:1930-2000[22]
1930[23] 1930-1990[24]
2000[25][26] 2010[8][9][10]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,233 people, 4,086 households, and 2,603 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,643.4 per square mile (1,020.6/km2). There were 4,357 housing units at an average density of 1,125.5 per square mile (434.6/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 67.47% (6,904) White, 24.07% (2,463) Black or African American, 0.26% (27) Native American, 2.12% (217) Asian, 0.05% (5) Pacific Islander, 2.40% (246) from other races, and 3.63% (371) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.74% (690) of the population.[8]

There were 4,086 households, of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.6% were married couples living together, 18.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.3% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.10.[8]

In the borough, 23.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.1 years. For every 100 females there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.2 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $53,236 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,808) and the median family income was $71,789 (+/- $4,439). Males had a median income of $47,094 (+/- $3,168) versus $41,711 (+/- $3,474) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $24,610 (+/- $1,792). About 11.0% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.1% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.[27]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 10,880 people, 4,214 households, and 2,743 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,768.4 people per square mile (1,068.9/km2). There were 4,444 housing units at an average density of 1,130.8 per square mile (436.6/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 76.79% White, 18.35% African American, 0.28% Native American, 1.41% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.21% from other races, and 1.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.64% of the population.[25][26]

There were 4,214 households out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 16.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.9% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.18.[25][26]

In the borough the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 34.9% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.[25][26]

The median income for a household in the borough was $42,035, and the median income for a family was $50,040. Males had a median income of $36,277 versus $29,826 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $18,613. About 5.9% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.[25][26]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Pine Hill is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[6] The Borough form of government used by Pine Hill, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[28][29][30]

As of 2015, the Mayor of Pine Hill Borough is Democrat Christopher Green, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015.[31] Members of the Pine Hill Borough Council are Council President Ruth McCullen (2017), Terence G. "Terry" Burke (D, 2016), Charles W. Jaxel, Jr. (2017), Thomas B. Knott (D, 2015), John J. Robb (D, 2015) and Charles Warrington (D, 2013).[32][33][34][35][36][37]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Pine Hill is located in the 1st Congressional District[38] and is part of New Jersey's 8th state legislative district.[9][39][40] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Pine Hill had been in the 6th state legislative district.[41]

New Jersey's First Congressional District is represented by Donald Norcross (D, Camden).[42] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[43] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[44][45]

For the 2004-15 Session, the 8th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Dawn Marie Addiego (R, Evesham Township) and in the General Assembly by Christopher J. Brown (R, Evesham Township) and Maria Rodriguez-Gregg (R, Evesham Township).[46] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[47] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[48]

Camden County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members chosen at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year.[49] As of 2015, Camden County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Louis Cappelli, Jr. (Collingswood, term as freeholder ends December 31, 2017; term as director ends 2015),[50] Freeholder Deputy Director Edward T. McDonnell (Pennsauken Township, term as freeholder ends 2016; term as deputy director ends 2015),[51] Michelle Gentek (Gloucester Township, 2015),[52] Ian K. Leonard (Camden, 2015),[53] Jeffrey L. Nash (Cherry Hill, 2015),[54] Carmen Rodriguez (Merchantville, 2016)[55] and Jonathan L. Young, Sr. (Berlin Township, November 2015; serving the unexpired term of Scot McCray ending in 2017)[56][57][58]

Camden County's constitutional officers, all elected directly by voters, are County clerk Joseph Ripa,[59] Sheriff Charles H. Billingham,[60] and Surrogate Patricia Egan Jones.[58][61] The Camden County Prosecutor Mary Eva Colalillo was appointed by the Governor of New Jersey with the advice and consent of the New Jersey Senate (the upper house of the New Jersey Legislature).[62]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 6,425 registered voters in Pine Hill, of which 2,586 (40.2%) were registered as Democrats, 634 (9.9%) were registered as Republicans and 3,201 (49.8%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties.[63]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 74.8% of the vote (3,087 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 23.9% (987 votes), and other candidates with 1.3% (52 votes), among the 4,162 ballots cast by the borough's 6,965 registered voters (36 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 59.8%.[64][65] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 70.4% of the vote (3,029 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain, who received around 26.2% (1,127 votes), with 4,304 ballots cast among the borough's 6,203 registered voters, for a turnout of 69.4%.[66] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 65.5% of the vote (2,578 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush, who received around 32.9% (1,294 votes), with 3,936 ballots cast among the borough's 5,912 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 66.6.[67]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 51.4% of the vote (988 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 46.9% (903 votes), and other candidates with 1.7% (33 votes), among the 1,966 ballots cast by the borough's 7,046 registered voters (42 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 27.9%.[68][69] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 55.4% of the vote (1,165 ballots cast), ahead of both Republican Chris Christie with 36.6% (769 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 4.9% (102 votes), with 2,103 ballots cast among the borough's 6,369 registered voters, yielding a 33.0% turnout.[70]

Education[edit]

The Pine Hill Schools serve public school students in pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's four schools had an enrollment of 1,896 students and 177.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.71:1.[71] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[72]) are two preK-5 elementary schools — Dr. Albert Bean Elementary School[73] (387 students) and John H. Glenn Elementary School[74] (414 students) — Pine Hill Middle School[75] for grades 6-8 (369 students) and Overbrook High School[76] for grades 9-12 (726 students).[77][78]

Following the dissolution of the Lower Camden County Regional School District, Overbrook High School became part of the Pine Hill district as of September 2001, with students from Berlin Township and Clementon attending the school as part of sending/receiving relationships.[79]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 32.13 miles (51.71 km) of roadways, of which 24.15 miles (38.87 km) were maintained by the municipality and 7.98 miles (12.84 km) by Camden County.[80]

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit bus service between Turnersville and Camden is available on the 403 route.[81][82]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Pine Hill include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2014 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, as of December 15, 2014. Accessed February 8, 2015. As of date accessed, Green is listed as mayor with a term-end year of 2014.
  4. ^ Administration and Finance, Borough of Pine Hill. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  5. ^ Municipal Clerk's Office, Borough of Pine Hill. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 33.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Pine Hill, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 11, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Pine Hill borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 5. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Pine Hill borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  11. ^ PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - 2014 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Pine Hill, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 29, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Pine Hill, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 29, 2013.
  16. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  17. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  18. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  19. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  20. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 108. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  21. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  22. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Camden County Municipalities, 1850 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  23. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 715. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  24. ^ Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
  25. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Pine Hill borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  26. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Pine Hill borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  27. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Pine Hill borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  28. ^ Cerra, Michael F. "Forms of Government: Everything You've Always Wanted to Know, But Were Afraid to Ask", New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Accessed November 30, 2014.
  29. ^ "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey", p. 6. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed June 3, 2015.
  30. ^ Government, Borough of Pine Hill. Accessed July 6, 2011.
  31. ^ Chistopher Green, New Jersey Conference of Mayors. Accessed July 10, 2015.
  32. ^ Mayor & Council, Borough of Pine Hill. Accessed July 10, 2015.
  33. ^ 2015 Municipal Data Sheet, Borough of Pine Hill. Accessed July 10, 2015.
  34. ^ Camden County Unoffical Election Results November 4, 2014, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed February 8, 2015.
  35. ^ Camden County General Election November 5, 2013, Camden County. Accessed August 25, 2014.
  36. ^ Camden County General Election November 6, 2012, Camden County. Accessed August 25, 2014.
  37. ^ Staff. "Camden County election results 2012", South Jersey Times, November 7, 2012. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  38. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  39. ^ 2014 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 63, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
  40. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  41. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 63, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
  42. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  43. ^ About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
  44. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  45. ^ Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
  46. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 23, 2014.
  47. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  48. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  49. ^ What is a Freeholder?, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  50. ^ Freeholder Louis Cappelli, Jr., Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  51. ^ Freeholder Edward T. McDonnell, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  52. ^ Freeholder Michelle Gentek, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  53. ^ Freeholder Ian K. Leonard, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  54. ^ Freeholder Jeffrey L. Nash, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  55. ^ Freeholder Carmen Rodriguez, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  56. ^ Jonathan L. Young, Sr., Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  57. ^ Daniels, Mark. "Carpenters union official tapped for Camden County Freeholder seat", South Jersey Times, January 22, 2015. Accessed May 12, 2015. "Democratic leaders in Camden County have nominated a construction union official from Berlin Township to fill an open seat on the board of chosen freeholders. Jonathan L. Young Sr., 45, has been nominated to replace Scot McCray, who resigned from the board in late December, citing a desire to spend more time with his family."
  58. ^ a b Board of Freeholders, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  59. ^ County Clerk, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  60. ^ Sheriff, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  61. ^ Surrogate's Office, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  62. ^ Prosecutor's Office, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  63. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Camden, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  64. ^ "Presidential General Election Results - November 6, 2012 - Camden County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
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  66. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Camden County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed October 15, 2012.
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  68. ^ "Governor - Camden County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
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  70. ^ 2009 Governor: Camden County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  71. ^ District information for Pine Hill School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed August 25, 2014.
  72. ^ School Data for the Pine Hill Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed August 25, 2014.
  73. ^ Dr. Albert Bean Elementary School, Pine Hill Schools. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  74. ^ John H. Glenn Elementary School, Pine Hill Schools. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  75. ^ Pine Hill Middle School, Pine Hill Schools. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  76. ^ Overbrook High School, Pine Hill Schools. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  77. ^ Our Schools, Pine Hill Schools. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  78. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Pine Hill Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  79. ^ Lindsey, Nedra. 'Overbrook High's Name Will Probably Remain A Referendum For A Change Barely Passed In Berlin Twp., Where The Mayor Says The Label Has A Negative Image.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, November 9, 2000. Accessed August 25, 2014. "The opportunity to rename the Pine Hill school results from the breakup of Lower Camden County Regional School District. Because of the dissolution, Pine Hill will assume control of Overbrook Regional High School.... Clementon and Berlin Township will send their students to Overbrook Regional High School next fall."
  80. ^ Camden County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  81. ^ Camden County Bus/Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed July 6, 2011.
  82. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed August 25, 2014.
  83. ^ Longman, Jere. "Penn State Overcomes Badgers' Mass", The New York Times, September 29, 1996. Accessed July 10, 2015. "Dayne grew up in Pine Hill, N.J., but showed the same indifference to Penn State's recruiting efforts as he did to its miserly defense."
  84. ^ via Associated Press. "DeMarco Using Cure-All Again", Reading Eagle, March 2, 1979. Accessed July 10, 2015. "'The year I was closed down in Pennsylvania 15 people died because they didn't get the drug,' DeMarco said in a telephone interview from his Pine Hill, N.J., home."

External links[edit]