Pine Mountain (Appalachian Mountains)

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This article is about the ridge in Kentucky, Tennessee, and Virginia. For the mountain in Massachusetts, see Pine Mountain (Taconic Mountains).
Pine Mountain
U.S. 23 in Eastern Kentucky.jpg
US 23 in Kentucky with Pine Mountain in the background
Highest point
Elevation 3,273 ft (998 m) [1]
Prominence 1,160 ft (350 m) [2]
Coordinates 37°03′05″N 82°52′25″W / 37.05139°N 82.87361°W / 37.05139; -82.87361Coordinates: 37°03′05″N 82°52′25″W / 37.05139°N 82.87361°W / 37.05139; -82.87361[3]
Pine Mountain is located in Kentucky
Pine Mountain
Pine Mountain
Bell, Harlan, Letcher, and Whitley counties in Kentucky; Claiborne and Campbell counties in Tennessee, U.S.
Parent range Cumberland Mountains
First ascent unknown
Easiest route Hike

Pine Mountain is a ridge in the Appalachian Mountains running through Kentucky, Virginia and Tennessee. It extends about 125 miles from near Jellico, Tennessee, to a location near Elkhorn City, Kentucky. Birch Knob, the highest point, is 3,273 feet above sea level and is located on the Kentucky-Virginia border. It has been a barrier to transportation as the Cumberland River at Pineville, Kentucky is one of only two streams passing through the entire ridge. The other is Hickory Creek near Jellico, TN.

Several parks are located along the ridge, including Pine Mountain State Resort Park and Kingdom Come State Park, Breaks Interstate Park, Kiwanis Raven Rock Park, Kentenia State Forest, Pine Mountain State Scenic Trail and the Little Shepherd Trail.

Wildlife is abundant on Pine Mountain. The land is claimed to be the "Black Bear Capital of Kentucky."[4] Black bears, elk, rattlesnakes, and deer are found on Pine Mountain.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kleber, John E., ed. (1992). The Kentucky Encyclopedia. Associate editors: Thomas D. Clark, Lowell H. Harrison, and James C. Klotter. Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-1772-0.  Retrieved on 2010-11-21
  2. ^ Kentucky's 50 Finest Mountains Retrieved on 2010-11-21
  3. ^ "Pine Mountain". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.  Retrieved on 2010-11-21
  4. ^ Collier, Kim. "Black Bear Capital of Kentucky". Cumberland Tourism. Retrieved 2008-03-22.