"Pine Robbers" were loosely organized, criminal gangs and marauders who were British sympathizers and Loyalists, during the American Revolutionary War, who used the Pine Barrens, of the New Jersey Colony, to wreak havoc, in the region. The pine barrens created densely forested, terrain, where concealment of guerrilla and criminal activities, could be easily carried out.
|Founding location||Pine RobbersNew Jersey Pine Barrens, New Jersey Colony (British Royal Colony), British North America, British Empire|
|Territory||New Jersey Pine Barrens, New Jersey Colony (British Royal Colony), British North America, British Empire|
|Criminal activities||horse theft, highway robbery, burglary, murder|
"Pine Robbers" were loosely organized, criminal gangs and marauders who were British sympathizers and Loyalists, during the American Revolutionary War, who used the Pine Barrens of New Jersey Colony to wreak havoc in the area.
Guerrilla and criminal activities
While the Tories, who had received their land from the King George III, were amiable neighbors during the day and enemies of the Patriots by night, the pine robbers were disgruntled British sailors who had jumped ship. They banded together with local outlaws to burn and loot throughout the New Jersey Pine Barrens. The pine robbers were commonly known to commit crimes against Patriots and Loyalists, alike.
John Bacon and the "Refugees"
John Bacon was one of the more notorious Loyalist leaders of the pine robbers. In December 1782, Bacon and his gang, the "Refugees," were involved in the Battle of Cedar Bridge, where a surprise attack by Captain Edward Thomas of the Mansfield Militia and Captain Richard Shreeve of the Burlington County Light Horse forced John Bacon to quickly build a makeshift barricade at Cedar Bridge. The Patriot forces charged the Refugees, but Bacon and three gang members escaped death or capture.
- Ward, Harry M. Between the Lines: Banditti of the American Revolution. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2002.
|This article about the American Revolutionary War is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|