Pine woods snake

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pine woods snake
Rhadinaea flavilata.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Rhadinaea
Species: R. flavilata
Binomial name
Rhadinaea flavilata
(Cope, 1871)
Synonyms
  • Dromicus flavilatus Cope, 1871
  • Liophis flavilatus
    Boulenger, 1894
  • Rhadinæa flavilata
    — Cope, 1895
  • Leimadophis flavilatus
    Stejneger & Barbour, 1917
  • Rhadinaea flavilata
    Myers, 1974[1][2][3]

The pine woods snake (Rhadinaea flavilata), also commonly known as the yellow-lipped snake or the brown-headed snake,[4] is a species of secretive colubrid found in scattered locations across the Southeastern United States. Rhadinaea flavilata is rear-fanged and mildly-venomous, but not dangerous to humans.[5]

Adult
Detail of head

Description[edit]

R. flavilata is a small reddish brown to yellowish brown snake with a whitish to yellowish, unmarked underside. A dark stripe runs through the eye. The upper labial scales (lip scales) are a whitish or pale yellow color which led to its other common name, the yellow-lipped snake.[6]

Pine woods snakes average between 10 and 13 inches (25–33 cm) in total length (including tail) at adult size.[7]

Geographic range[edit]

The pine woods snake is known from scattered localities in coastal North Carolina and South Carolina, most of peninsular Florida, and small portions of Georgia, Alabama, and Louisiana.

Habitat[edit]

Pine woods snakes are found in damp woodlands, under bark and in rotten logs and stumps.[7]

Diet[edit]

R. flavilata feed on small frogs and lizards.[7]

Reproduction[edit]

Pine woods snakes lay eggs.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Boulenger GA. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xi + 382 pp. + Plates I-XX. (Liophis flavilatus, p. 143).
  2. ^ Stejneger L, Barbour T. 1917. A Check List of North American Amphibians and Reptiles. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. 125 pp. (Leimadophis flavilatus, pp. 86-87).
  3. ^ "Rhadinaea flavilata ". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
  4. ^ Wright AH, Wright AA. 1957. Handbook of Snakes of the United States and Canada. Ithaca and London: Comstock Publishing Associates. 1,105 pp. (in 2 volumes). (Rhadinaea flavilata, pp. 627-631, Figure 182, Map 47).
  5. ^ Smith HM, Brodie ED Jr. 1982. Reptiles of North America: A Guide to Field Identification. New York: Golden Press. 240 pp. ISBN 0-307-13666-3. ("Front-grooved, rear-fanged group", Rhadinaea flavilata, pp. 176-177).
  6. ^ Behler JL, King FW. 1979. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Reptiles and Amphibians. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. 743 pp. ISBN 0-394-50824-6. (Rhadinaea flavilata, pp. 648-649 + Plates 462, 465).
  7. ^ a b c Conant R. 1975. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America, Second Edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. xviii + 429 pp. + Plates 1-48. ISBN 0-395-19979-4 (hardcover), ISBN 0-395-19977-8 (paperback). (Rhadinaea flavilata, pp. 175-176 + Plate 25 + Map126).
  8. ^ Schmidt KP, Davis DD. 1941. Field Book of Snakes of the United States and Canada. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons. 365 pp. (Rhadinaea flavilata pp. 113-114, Figure 24 + Plate 9).

Further reading[edit]

  • Conant R, Bridges W. 1939. What Snake is That?: A Field Guide to the Snakes of the United States East of the Rocky Mountains. (with 108 drawings by Edmond Malnate). New York and London: D. Appleton-Century. Frontispiece map + 163 pp. + Plates A-C, 1-32. (Rhadinaea flavilata, p. 70 + Plate C, Figure 11).
  • Cope ED. 1871. Ninth Contribution to the Herpetology of Tropical America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 23 (2): 200-224. (Dromicus flavilatus, new species, pp. 222–223).
  • Malnate E. 1939. A Study of the Yellow-Lipped Snake, Rhadinaea flavilata (Cope). Zoologica 24: 359-366 + one plate.
  • Zim HS, Smith HM. 1956. Reptiles and Amphibians: A Guide to Familiar American Species: A Golden Nature Guide. New York: Simon and Schuster.160 pp. (Rhadinaea flavilata, pp. 83–84, 156).

External links[edit]