Pine nut oil
Pine nut oil, also called pine seed oil or cedar nut oil, is a vegetable oil, extracted from the edible seeds of several species of pine. While the oil produced from the seeds of more common European and American pine varieties is mostly used for culinary purposes, Siberian pines (growing in Russia, Mongolia and Kazakhstan), as well as Korean pines (growing mostly in China and North Korea) yield the seeds with the highest content of pinolenic acid, as well as antioxidants associated with medicinal uses.
Pine nut oil has a relatively low smoke point, and is therefore not generally used during cooking. Rather, it is added to foods for "finishing", to add flavor. Pine nut oil is also a useful bread preservative when a small amount is added to the dough.
One analysis of the triglyceride composition of Siberian pine nut oil showed the following composition:
|Linoleic acid||49.0% ± 2.3|
|Oleic acid||23.8% ± 2.1|
|Pinolenic acid||17.1% ± 2.0|
|Palmitic acid||6.3% ± 2.2|
|Stearic acid||2.5% ± 0.1|
- ^ a b FAO (1995). "Chapter 8: Seeds, Fruits and Cones". Non-wood forest products from conifers.
- ^ V. I. Deineka & L. A. Deineka (March 2003). "Triglyceride Composition of Pinus sibirica Oil". Chemistry of Natural Compounds. 39 (2): 171. doi:10.1023/A:1024857729235. S2CID 35735168.