Pinehurst, North Carolina

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Pinehurst, North Carolina
Mystic Cottage (1900), historic building in the district
Mystic Cottage (1900), historic building in the district
The Home of American Golf
Location in Moore County and the state of North Carolina.
Location in Moore County and the state of North Carolina.
Coordinates: 35°11′43.4″N 79°28′7.4″W / 35.195389°N 79.468722°W / 35.195389; -79.468722Coordinates: 35°11′43.4″N 79°28′7.4″W / 35.195389°N 79.468722°W / 35.195389; -79.468722
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
 • MayorJohn Strickland
 • ManagerJeff Sanborn
 • Total17.36 sq mi (44.95 km2)
 • Land16.71 sq mi (43.28 km2)
 • Water0.65 sq mi (1.68 km2)
561 ft (171 m)
 • Total17,581
 • Density1,052.19/sq mi (406.24/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
28370, 28374[2]
Area code910
FIPS code37-51940[3]
GNIS feature ID1021933[4]
Pinehurst Historic District
Area250 acres (100 ha)
Built1895 (1895)
ArchitectFrederick Law Olmsted
Architectural styleColonial Revival, Queen Anne
NRHP reference No.73001361[5]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPAugust 14, 1973
Designated NHLDJune 19, 1996

Pinehurst is a village in Moore County, North Carolina, United States.[6] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 13,124.[7] It is home of the historic Pinehurst Resort, a Golf resort, which has hosted multiple United States Open Championships in Golf. The village lies adjacent to the Pine Needles Lodge and Golf Club, which has hosted multiple U.S. Open tournaments in Women's Golf. A large portion of the central village, including the resort complexes, is a National Historic Landmark District, designated in 1996 for its landscape design (by Frederick Law Olmsted) and its significance in the history of golf in the United States.[8] Pinehurst has been designated as the "Home of American Golf" by the United States Golf Association, which announced a second headquarters in the village in 2020. The area is also known for its strong equestrian community, has hosted the former Stoneybrook Steeplechase, and currently maintains the Pinehurst Harness Track. Fox hunting is also a common sport in the area.

Despite the village's relatively small size, the resort will host the men's U.S. Open five times in the next three decades: Pinehurst No. 2 will host the Men's U.S. Open in 2024, 2029, 2035, 2041 and 2047.[9]

In addition to the Pinehurst Resort, the village is home to The Country Club of North Carolina. In the immediate area surrounding Pinehurst, there are more than 40 other golf courses.


In 1895, James Walker Tufts purchased 500 acres (200 ha), and eventually purchased an additional 5,500 acres (2,200 ha), of land for approximately $1.25 per acre in the North Carolina Sandhills, with the vision of building a "health resort for people of modest means".[10] Tufts retained Frederick Law Olmsted to design the village, which features curving lanes and a picturesque central green.[8][11]

Originally dubbed Tuftstown during development, Tuftstown became the village of Pinehurst, and home of the Pinehurst Resort. In 1980, the village became a municipality.[12]

The first golf course at Pinehurst Resort was laid out in 1897–1898. The first championship held at Pinehurst was the United North and South Amateur Championship of 1901. The best known course, Pinehurst No. 2, was designed by Donald Ross and completed in 1907. Pinehurst Race Track was established in 1915. The resort now has nine golf courses, three hotels, a spa, and extensive sports and leisure facilities.

In 1999, National Public Radio reported that many local business owners in Pinehurst were upset because the Pinehurst Resort was using lawsuits to prevent local businesses from using the term "Pinehurst" in the names of their businesses.[13] The village council sought a written guarantee from the Pinehurst Resort that it would not force any business in the village to remove the name "Pinehurst" from its name unless the business is a direct competitor. The request came a week later in a local newspaper. The village also sued the resort over control of the name shared between the resort and village.[14]

The Lloyd-Howe House, Pinehurst Historic District and Pinehurst Race Track are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[5]


According to the United States Census Bureau, Pinehurst is located at 35°11′28″N 79°28′11.4″W / 35.19111°N 79.469833°W / 35.19111; -79.469833 (35.191105, −79.469829).[15] and the village has a total area of 17.2 square miles (44.5 km2), of which 16.6 square miles (43 km2) is land and 0.6 square mile (1.5 km2) (3.37%) is water.

Three streams, Aberdeen Creek, Horse Creek, and Joes Fork, have their headwaters in the Pinehurst area.


Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[16]

2020 census[edit]

Pinehurst racial composition[17]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 15,190 86.4%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 555 3.16%
Native American 75 0.43%
Asian 381 2.17%
Pacific Islander 7 0.04%
Other/Mixed 682 3.88%
Hispanic or Latino 691 3.93%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 17,581 people, 7,301 households, and 4,991 families residing in the village.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 9,706 people, 4,510 households, and 3,310 families residing in the village. The population density was 676.9 people per square mile (261.3/km2). There were 5,668 housing units at an average density of 395.3 per square mile (152.6/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 95.31% White, 3.27% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.04% of the population.

There were 4,510 households, out of which 13.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.5% were married couples living together, 3.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.6% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.05 and the average family size was 2.38.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 11.7% under the age of 18, 2.1% from 18 to 24, 16.7% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 42.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 60 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.2 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $58,950, and the median income for a family was $67,353. Males had a median income of $51,958 versus $32,181 for females. The per capita income for the village was $41,992. About 1.3% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over.

Points of interest[edit]



Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  2. ^ United States Postal Service (2012). "USPS – Look Up a ZIP Code". Retrieved February 15, 2012.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "Pinehurst". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior.
  5. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  6. ^ "Geographic Names Information System". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  7. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 4, 2013.[dead link]
  8. ^ a b "NHL nomination for Pinehurst Historic District". National Park Service. Retrieved January 15, 2016.
  9. ^ "USGA Announces Plans for Golf House Pinehurst and Five U.S. Open Championships at Pinehurst".
  10. ^ Tufts Archives; Archived August 25, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Tufts, Leonard (1906). Pinehurst, N.C., a brief description of the leading health and recreation resort of the South. p. 5. county, North Carolina was founded by.
  12. ^ "Village of Pinehurst History". Archived from the original on June 10, 2013. Retrieved May 4, 2013.
  13. ^ Hosken, Chris (June 17, 1999). "Pinehurst". All Things Considered. National Public Radio. Retrieved April 19, 2012.
  14. ^ Village sues Pinehurst Inc over name; Associated Press.
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2016". United States Census Bureau. 2016. Retrieved September 10, 2017.
  16. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  17. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved December 22, 2021.
  18. ^ "Variety Kids Telethon On Channel 7 &". Archived from the original on March 27, 2012. Retrieved March 25, 2012.
  19. ^ For what it's worth; Some advice to young harness racing drivers[permanent dead link]
  20. ^ "Meet Seth Maness, the Cardinals' best all-around athlete". March 14, 2015.
  21. ^ "Marshall Declares at Pinehurst Home That He Has No Plans for the Future". The New York Times. January 8, 1949. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 22, 2021.

External links[edit]