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Pinareul  (Piedmontese)
Città di Pinerolo
Pinerolo 001.JPG
Coat of arms of Pinerolo
Coat of arms
Location of Pinerolo
Pinerolo is located in Italy
Location of Pinerolo in Italy
Pinerolo is located in Piedmont
Pinerolo (Piedmont)
Coordinates: 44°53′N 07°20′E / 44.883°N 7.333°E / 44.883; 7.333Coordinates: 44°53′N 07°20′E / 44.883°N 7.333°E / 44.883; 7.333
Metropolitan cityTurin (TO)
FrazioniAbbadia Alpina, Ainana, Avaro/Tron, Bacchiasso, Batur, Baudenasca, Biscornetto, Borgata Colombaio, Borgata Orba, C.E.P., Cascina della Cappella, Cascina Ghiotta, Cascina Gili, Cascina Nuova, Cascina Pol, Case Bianche, Case Nuove, Colletto, Gerbido di Costagrande, Gerbido di Riva, Graniera, Losani, Motta Grossa, Pascaretto, Riauna, Riva, Rubiani, Salera, San Martino, Stazione di Riva, Talucco, Villa Motta Rasini
 • MayorLuca Salvai
 • Total50 km2 (20 sq mi)
376 m (1,234 ft)
 (30 September 2015)[2]
 • Total35,805
 • Density720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Dialing code0121
Patron saintSt. Donatus
Saint dayMonday after last Sunday of August
WebsiteOfficial website
The Sanctuary of Madonna delle Grazie.

Pinerolo (Italian pronunciation: [pineˈrɔːlo]; Piedmontese: Pinareul [pinaˈrøl]; French: Pignerol; Occitan: Pineròl) is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Turin, Piedmont, northwestern Italy, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) southwest of Turin on the river Chisone. The Lemina torrent has its source at the boundary between Pinerolo and San Pietro Val di Lemina.


Archaeological remains found in the center of Pinerolo in the early 1970s testify the human presence in the area in prehistoric times[3] Remains of the Roman necropolis of Dama Rossa, found during works for the Pinerolo-Turin highway in 2003, show that the area at the time was the seat of agricultural activities[4]

The toponym of Pinerolo appears only in the Middle Ages, in an imperial diplom dating from 981, by which Otto II confirmed its possession, within the March of Turin, to the Bishops of Turin. The town of Pinerolo was one of the main crossroads in Italy, and was therefore one of the principal fortresses of the dukes of Savoy. Its military importance was the origin of the well-known military school that still exists today. The fortress of Fenestrelle is nearby. Later, Pinerolo was ruled by the abbot nullius of Pinerolo, who ran the abbey of Abbadia Alpina, even after the city had established itself as a municipality (1247) under the government of Thomas II of Savoy.

From 1235, Amadeus IV of Savoy exercised over the town a kind of protectorate, which became absolute in 1243, and was continued thereafter by either the House of Savoy, or its cadet-branch, the House of Savoy-Acaia.

When French troops invaded Piedmont (1536), Pinerolo was conquered; it remained under French control until 1574. It fell again to France in 1631 with the treaty of Cherasco.

France agreed to hand Pinerolo back to the house of Savoy under the Treaty of Turin (1696), with the conditions that its stronghold's fortifications be demolished and that Savoy withdraw from the League of Augsburg against Louis XIV.


The economy of the Waldensian Valleys (right slope of Val Chisone, Valle Germanasca and Val Pellice) and of the plain between these valleys and the Po (river) course revolves around Pinerolo.

Several industries have their base in this area, particularly mechanical, paper making, chemical and textile industries, and also absorb manpower from the nearby population centers.

The leading companies are Freudenberg Sealing Technologies (former Corcos), which produces seals for rotating shafts and valves sterns, Raspini, a meat processing company, TN Italy (former NN Inc.), which manufactures ball bearings, the Trombini Group (ex Annovati), which supplies the furniture industry with chipboard, and PMT Italia, which supplies the pulp and paper industry with paper machines. Moreover, Pinerolo is the trade center of the surrounding mountain area.

The agriculture and the breeding of the livestock are conducted with advanced techniques. Pinerolo is the centre of the community called Comunità Montana Pinerolese Pedemontano, and the reference city for three valleys: Val Chisone, Val Pellice and Val Lemina.

Pinerolo is famous for being the house city of the first society of mutual help, foundend in 1848. Today, it is still active and also hosts a museum, the (Museo Storico del Mutuo Soccorso) with historic archives and a library. Health assistance is guaranteed by the Civil Hospital of Pinerolo (Ospedale E. Agnelli) and by a network of public and private health assistance centres.. The Public assistance is inserted in the bigger frame of the Local Sanitary Company (or Azienda Sanitaria Locale ASL TO3).

Main sights[edit]


People born in Pinerolo include:

  • Lidia Poët (1855-1949), the first Italian female lawyer and an important figure in female emancipation
  • Luigi Facta (1861-1930), politician, journalist and last Prime Minister of Italy before the dictatorship of Benito Mussolini
  • Ferruccio Parri (1890-1981), partisan and politician who served as Prime Minister of Italy for several months in 1945

People who died here include:


The venue Pinerolo Palaghiaccio hosted curling events at the 2006 Winter Olympics.[6] The 2011 Tour de France featured a stage in the area.

The Uruguayan football team Peñarol takes its name from the Montevideo neighbourhood of Peñarol, which in turn takes its name from this town.

Twin cities[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ Perrot, Mauro Maria (2012). Storia di Pinerolo e del suo territorio. Turin: LAR Editore.
  4. ^ Page at Pinerolo website Archived 2016-03-05 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Marchiando-Pacchiola, Mario. Il Duomo di San Donato in Pinerolo. I Quaderni della collezione civica d’Arte di Pinerolo, Q. 24.
  6. ^ 2006 Winter Olympics official report. Volume 3. pp. 68-9.