Pinfari

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Pinfari
IndustryManufacturing
FateLiquidated
SuccessorInterpark
Founded1926
Defunct15 July 2004 (2004-07-15)
Headquarters,
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Daniel Pinfari
ProductsRoller coasters
Websitewww.pinfari.com

F.lli Pinfari S.r.l was an Italian amusement ride manufacturing company based in Suzzara, Italy. Pinfari was liquidated on 15 July 2004, due to the early 2000s recession and the weakness of the United States dollar.[1] In 2007, its brand and intellectual property were acquired by Interpark Amusements Srl, based in Modena.[2]

History[edit]

The company, commonly known as Pinfari, was established in 1926 building Dodgem cars and buildings. Its first roller coaster was a wild mouse-style ride in 1954 called "bob-slide". In 1965 the company introduced a small portable coaster called Zyklon. These coasters proved very popular with traveling fairs and carnivals as wells as permanent amusement parks. Pinfari manufactured Zyklons in several variations and sizes, building over 200 since the ride's introduction.[3] The models were designated Z40, Z47, Z64 and Z78 — "Z" representing Zyklon and the number representing the length of the coaster base in meters (i.e. the footprint of a Z47 is 47 metres (154 ft) by 18.5 metres (61 ft)). In the 1980s Pinfari added loops to the Zyklon model and marketed them as a Looping Zyklon or Looping Star. The model designation added the letter "L" sometimes next to the Z and sometimes after (i.e. ZL42, ZL50 or Z47L).[3] The company also manufactured a popular children's coaster called Big Apple, nearly identical in design to Wacky Worms and Brucomela coasters by Preston and Fabbri.

In the late 1990s Pinfari introduced a new model to eventually replace the Zyklon, although the Zyklon was still offered in the ride catalog. Known simply as Roller Coaster or Thriller Roller Coaster, these models were designated RC48, RC50 or RC70, with the larger RC70 having two loops and a corkscrew. The company also introduced a large non-looping family coaster designated FC80. The first RC70 was installed at M&D's Theme Park in Scotland.[4] The first and only FC80 was built at Wiener Prater in Austria.[5]

Pinfari continued to expand its product line offering a junior inverted coaster in 1999 and a suspended looping coaster, with the first two suspended looping models going to Nigloland in France and Moreno's Park, a traveling show in Brazil.[6][7]

List of roller coasters[edit]

As of 2019, Pinfari has built 186 roller coasters around the world.[8]

Name Model Park Country Opened Status Ref
Thriller RC50 Luneur Park Italy Italy Unknown Removed [9]
Unknown Zyklon Z47 Seaburn Fun Park United Kingdom United Kingdom Unknown Removed [10]
Turbo Zyklon ZL42 Brighton Pier United Kingdom United Kingdom Unknown Operating [11]
Montañha Rusa Zyklon ZL42 Parque Trombini Brazil Brazil Unknown Removed [12]
Ze Ulta Fulta Express Zyklon ZL42 Fantasy Land India India Unknown Removed [13]
Pepsi-Cola Loop Zyklon ZL42 Ffrith Beach Fun Parc
Ocean Beach Amusement Park
United Kingdom United Kingdom Unknown
1990 to 2007
Removed [14]
[15]
Looping Star Zyklon ZL42 M&Ds Scotland's Theme Park United Kingdom United Kingdom Unknown Removed [16]
Zyklon RC40 Funtown Pier United States United States Unknown Removed [17]
Storm RC40 Peter Pan's Playground United Kingdom United Kingdom Unknown Removed [18]
Big Apple Big Apple MB28 Peter Pan's Playground United Kingdom United Kingdom Unknown Removed [19]
Kålmoren Big Apple (Turn Table) Tivoli Karolinelund Denmark Denmark Unknown Removed [20]
Brucomela Unknown Luneur Park Italy Italy Unknown Removed [21]
Clown Coaster Circus Clown Chessington World of Adventures United Kingdom United Kingdom Unknown Removed [22]
Italian Bobs Zyklon Z?? Adventureland Park United States United States Unknown Removed [23]
Treno Delle Miniere Unknown Luneur Park Italy Italy Unknown Removed [24]
Crazy Loop Unknown Tama Tech Motopia Japan Japan Unknown Removed [25]
Unknown
Formerly Flying Dutchman
Zyklon Z78 Coney Park
Dorney Park
Jamaica Jamaica Unknown
1977 to1988
Removed [26]
[27]
Hochbahn Zyklon Z47 Wiener Prater Austria Austria 1966 Removed [28]
Zyklon Zyklon Z47 Morey's Piers United States United States 1967 Removed [29]
Hells Angels Zyklon Z?? Casino Pier United States United States 1967 Removed [30]
Himalaya Zyklon Z78 Luneur Park Italy Italy 1968 Removed [31]
Unknown Zyklon Z47 Bagatelle France France 1969 Removed [32]
Rakevet Harim Zyklon Z47 Luna Park Tel Aviv Israel Israel 1970 Removed [33]
Cyclone Zyklon Z40 Dreamland United Kingdom United Kingdom 1970 Removed [34]
Meteor Roller Coaster
Formerly Supersonic Roller Coaster
Zyklon Supersonic Sportland Pier United States United Satets 1971 Removed [35]
Cyclone Zyklon Z40 Battersea Fun Fair United Kingdom United Kingdom 1973 Removed [36]
Mouse Trap
Formerly Big Coaster
Zyklon Z64 Wonderland Amusement Park United States United States 1975 Operating [37]
Ciklon Zyklon Z64 Holnemvolt Park Hungary Hungary 1975 Removed [38]
Chicago Cat Zyklon Z47 Old Chicago United States United States 1975 Removed [39]
Zyklon Zyklon Z47 Western Fair Canada Canada 1976 Removed [40]
Valle degli Gnomi Unknown Fiabilandia Italy Italy 1976 Operating [41]
Masken Big Apple MB28 Parken Zoo Sweden Sweden 1977 Operating [42]
Wildcat Zyklon Z40 Southport Pleasureland United Kingdom United Kingdom 1978 Removed [43]
Hochbahn Zyklon Z64 Wiener Prater Austria Austria 1979 Removed [44]
Zyklon Zyklon Z?? Funtrackers United States United States 1979 Removed [45]
Jet Stream Zyklon Z64 Ocean Beach Amusement Park
Belle Vue Park
Battersea Fun Fair
United Kingdom United Kingdom 1980
1975 to 1977
1974
Removed [46]
[47]
[48]
Zyklon Zyklon Z40 Jolly Roger at the Pier United States United States 1981 Removed [49]
Big Apple Big Apple (Turn Table) Luna Park United States United States 1981 Removed [50]
Big Apple Big Apple MB28 Southport Pleasureland United Kingdom United Kingdom 1982 Removed [51]
Zyklon Zyklon Z?? Lakeview Park United States United States 1983 Removed [52]
Le Grand Huit
Formerly Grand 8
Zyklon Z47 Walibi Rhône-Alpes
Walibi Belgium
France France 1984
1975 to 1983
Removed [53]
[54]
Python Looping Coaster Zyklon ZL42 Drayton Manor United Kingdom United Kingdom 1984 Removed [55]
Circus Clown Circus Clown Southport Pleasureland United Kingdom United Kingdom 1984 Removed [56]
HurryCane Roller Coaster Unknown Riverview Park & Waterworld United States United States 1984 Removed [57]
Looping preZyklon TL59 Hili Fun City United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 1985 Closed [58]
Looping Bahn Zyklon ZL42 Wiener Prater Austria Austria 1985 Removed [59]
Montanha Russa Zyklon Z40 Bracalãndia
Feira Popular de Lisboa
Portugal Portugal 1986
Unknown
Removed [60]
[61]
Big Apple Big Apple MB28 Dreamland United Kingdom United Kingdom 1986 Removed [62]
Ciclon Zyklon Z47 Parque Diversiones Costa Rica Costa Rica 1987 Removed [63]
Big Apple Big Apple MB28 Botton's Pleasure Beach United Kingdom United Kingdom 1987 Operating [64]
Looping Zyklon ZL42 Feira Popular de Lisboa Portugal Portugal 1988 Removed [65]
Stampede
Formerly Cyclone
Zyklon Z40 Frontierland Family Theme Park
Blackpool Pleasure Beach
United Kingdom United Kingdom 1988
1974 to 1987
Removed [66]
[67]
Cyclone Zyklon Z40 Genting Theme Park Malaysia Malaysia 1988 Removed [68]
Unknown Unknown Wicksteed Park United Kingdom United Kingdom 1988 Removed [69]
Zyclone Zyklon Z40 EsselWorld India India 1989 Operating [70]
Storm RC40 Botton's Pleasure Beach United Kingdom United Kingdom 1989 Removed [71]
Zyklon Zyklon Z?? Billing Aquadrome United Kingdom United Kingdom 1989 Removed [72]
Looping Star Zyklon ZL42 Great Yarmouth Pleasure Beach United Kingdom United Kingdom 1990 Removed [73]
Super Dragon Super Dragon MD31 Treasure Island Amusement Park United Kingdom United Kingdom 1990 Operating [74]
Big Apple Big Apple MB28 EsselWorld India India 1990 Operating [75]
Superloopen Zyklon ZL50 Furuvik Sweden Sweden 1991 Removed [76]
Loop 2000 Zyklon ZL42 Superland Israel Israel 1991 Removed [77]
Thunder Mountain Zyklon Z40 Flamingo Land United Kingdom United Kingdom 1991 Removed [78]
Zyklon Zyklon Z47 Magic Springs & Crystal Falls United States United States 1992 Removed [79]
Roller Coaster RC40 Wicksteed Park United Kingdom United Kingdom 1992 Operating [80]
Montaña Rusa RC50 Mundo Divertido Mexico Mexico 1993 Removed [81]
Montaña Rusa Zyklon ZL42 Mundo Divertido Mexico Mexico 1993 Removed [82]
Montanha Russa
Formerly Big Mountain
Zyklon Z40 Play Kid Brazil Brazil 1993 Operating [83]
Ortobruco Tour Unknown Gardaland Italy Italy 1993 Operating [84]
Diamon Python Zyklon Z40 Meribula's Magic Mountain Australia Australia 1994 Operating [85]
Looping Star Zyklon ZL42 Neverland Ranch United States United States 1995 Removed [86]
Sorcerer RC40 Camelot Theme Park United Kingdom United Kingdom 1995 Removed [87]
Mega Blitz RC50 Coney Beach Pleasure Park United Kingdom United Kingdom 1996 In storage [88]
Zyklon Zyklon Z47 Dinosaur Beach United States United States 1996 Removed [89]
Looping Thunder Zyklon ZL42 Oaks Amusement Park United States United States 1996 Removed [90]
Looping Star Zyklon ZL42 Jolly Roger at the Pier United States United States 1996 Operating [91]
Super 8er Bahn FC80 Wiener Prater Austria Austria 1997 Operating [92]
Super Loop Zyklon ZL50 Izmir Fuari Turkey Turkey 1997 Operating [93]
Looping Star Zyklon ZL42 Mirabilandia Brazil Brazil 1997 Removed [94]
Montanha Russa Zyklon Z40 American Park Brazil Brazil 1997 Removed [95]
Chenille Big Apple MB28 Nigloland France France 1997 Operating [96]
Tornado RC70 M&Ds Scotland's Theme Park United Kingdom United Kingdom 1998 Operating [97]
Montanha Russa Zyklon Z47 Walter World Brazil Brazil 1998 Operating [98]
Firecracker
Formerly Cyclone
Zyklon Z47 Jolly Roger Amusement Park
Holiday World
Geauga Lake
United States United States 1998
1981 to 1997
1976 to 1980
Removed [99]
[100]
[101]
Mini Dragon Super Dragon MD31 Funland Park United Kingdom United Kingdom 1998 Removed [102]
Big Apple
Formerly Mini Apple
Big Apple MB28 Great Yarmouth Pleasure Beach
Alton Towers
United Kingdom United Kingdom 1998
1982 to 1997
Operating [103]
[104]
Imorinth Unknown Himeji Central Park Japan Japan 1998 Operating [105]
Figure of Eight
Tokaydo Express
Super Train ST40 Brean Theme Park
Blackpool Pleasure Beach
United Kingdom United Kingdom 1998
1980 to 1997
Removed [106]
[107]
Rollies Coaster Zyklon Z40 Morey's Piers United States United States 1999 Operating [108]
African Big Apple Big Apple MB28 West Midland Safari Park United Kingdom United Kingdom 1999 Operating [109]
Big Apple Big Apple MB28 M&Ds Scotland's Theme Park United Kingdom United Kingdom 1999 Operating [110] & [111] & [112]
Queen Bee Queen Bee AR28 Center Norte Argentina Argentina 1999 Removed [113]
Hurricane RC70 Center Norte Argentina Argentina 2000 Removed [114]
RC-48 RC48 Morey's Piers United States United States 2000 Removed [115]
Vildkatten Zyklon ZL42 Sommerland Sjælland Denmark Denmark 2000 Operating [116]
Viper
Formerly Big Dipper
Zyklon Z40 Knowsley Safari Park
Marvel's Amusement Park
United Kingdom United Kingdom 2000
1973 to 1999
Removed [117]
[118]
Jubilé Zyklon Z40 Selva Mágica
Plopsaland De Panne
Mexico Mexico 2000
1995 to 2000
Operating [119]
[120]
Äppelmasken Big Apple MB28 Ölands Djur & Nölespark Sweden Sweden 2000 Operating [121]
Unknown Big Apple MB28 Wonder World Amusement Park Uganda Uganda 2000 Operating [122]
Família Expressz Super Train ST40 Holnemvolt Park Hungary Hungary 2000 Removed [123]
Dragen
Formerly Caterpillar
Super Dragon MD31 Tivoli Friheden Denmark Denmark 2001 Operating [124]
Speedy Mouse
Formerly Big Apple
Big Apple MB28 Barry's Amusements United Kingdom United Kingdom 2001 Operating [125]
Zolo Coaster
Formerly Big Dipper
RC50 Jungle Land
Barry's Amusements
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 2002
1997 to 2001
Closed [126]
[127]
Barry's Big Dipper Zyklon ZL42 Barry's Amusements United Kingdom United Kingdom 2002 Operating [128]
Montaña Rusa Zyklon ZL42 Mundo Divertido Mexico Mexico 2002 Removed [129]
Roller Coaster RC40 Nova Nicolândi Brazil Brazil 2002 Operating [130]
Minicoaster Apple Big Apple MB28 Nettuno Park Italy Italy 2002 Operating [131]
Queen Bee Queen Bee AR28 Botton's Pleasure Beach United Kingdom United Kingdom 2002 Operating [132]
Tokaido Super Train ST40 Luneur Park Italy Italy 2002 Removed [133]
Alexandros Big Apple MB28 Ta Aidonakia Luna Park Greece Greece 2002 Operating [134]
Zyklon Loop Zyklon ZL42 Star City Philippines Philippines 2003 Removed [135]
Looping Star Zyklon ZL42 Xinghai Square China China 2003 Removed [136]
Looping Star Zyklon ZL42 Wonder Land Egypt Egypt 2003 Operating [137]
Magic Loop Zyklon ZL42 Aventura Luna Park Venezuela Venezuela 2003 Operating [138]
World Express Zyklon ZL42 Parque de Atracciones de Plaza Mayor Venezuela Venezuela 2003 Operating [139]
King Zyklon Z40 Nashville Valley Amusement Park United States United States 2003 Removed [140]
Montanha Russa Zyklon Z40 Park Trombini Brazil Brazil 2003 Operating [141]
Super Train RC40 AltınPark Bursa Turkey Turkey 2003 Operating [142]
Mighty Mini Mega Mini Mega Coaster MM29 Adventure Island United Kingdom United Kingdom 2003 Operating [143]
Familienachterbahn Super Dragon MD31 Funny Park Austria Austria 2003 Removed [144]
Miniera d'Oro Del West Unknown Fiabilandia Italy Italy 2003 Operating [145]
Brucomela Big Apple MB28 Demetevler Luna Park Turkey Turkey 2003 Closed [146]
Tsunami Xpress XP48 M&Ds Scotland's Theme Park United Kingdom United Kingdom 2004 Removed [147]
Crazy Loop
Formerly Shock Wave
preZyklon TL59 Brean Theme Park
Pleasure Island Family Theme Park
Flamingo Land
United Kingdom United Kingdom 2004
1996 to 2002
1986 to 1995
Operating [148]
[149]
[150]
Pomme
Formerly Chenille
Big Apple MB28 Cita-Parc France France 2004 Removed [151]
Log Roll'r Coaster Circus Clown Yellowstone Bear World United States United States 2004 Removed [152]
Roller Coaster Zyklon ZL50 Adlerkurort Metro Park Russia Russia 2005 Operating [153]
Klondike Gold Mine Zyklon ZL42 Funland Amusement Park
Drayton Manor
United Kingdom United Kingdom 2005
1995 to 2004
Removed [154]
[155]
Montaña Rusa
Formerly Cyclon
Zyklon ZL42 VulQano Park
Fantasilandia
Ecuador Ecuador 2005
1994 to 2004
Operating [156]
[157]
Z40 Roller Coaster Zyklon Z40 Tir Prince Family Funfair United Kingdom United Kingdom 2005 Removed [158]
El Bandido Zyklon Z64 Western Playland (Sunland Park, New Mexico)
Western Playland (El Paso, Texas)
United States United States 2006
1974 to 2005
Operating [159]
[160]
Looping Star
Formerly Looping
Zyklon ZL42 Big Center Park
Magic Park
Brazil Brazil 2006
1999 to 2005
Operating [161]
[162]
Looping Star Zyklon ZL42 Kunming International Convention & Exhibition Center China China 2006 Removed [163]
Elma Kurdu Big Apple MB28 Izmir Fuari Turkey Turkey 2006 Operating [164]
Bat Coaster Xpress XP56 Antibes Land
Nigloland
France France 2007
2004 to 2006
Removed [165]
[166]
Star Flyer Xpress XP56 Star City Philippines Philippines 2007 Operating [167]
Montanha Russa Zyklon Z47 Parque de Diversão Barilândia Brazil Brazil 2007 Operating [168]
Looping Star Zyklon ZL42 Yuxi Park China China 2007 Removed [169]
Hoola Loop Zyklon ZL42 EsselWorld India India 2007 Operating [170]
Tokaido
Formerly X Speed
Super Train ST40 EuroPark Milano Idroscalo
Movieland Park
Italy Italy 2007
2003 to 2006
Removed [171]
[172]
Unknown Unknown Gorky Park Russia Russia 2007 Removed [173]
Colossu's Loop
Formerly Looping Star
Zyklon Z47L Nova Nicolândi
Park do Gorilão
Brazil Brazil 2008
Unknown
Operating [174]
[175]
Fami'Stéric
Formerly Sky Ways Roller Coaster
Formerly Skytrax
Zyklon Z47 Fami P.A.R.C
Pirat' Park
Brean Theme Park
France France 2008
2006
Unknown
Removed [176]
[177]
[178]
City Coaster Zyklon ZL42 Beijing Carnival China China 2008 Removed [179]
Funlandasaurus
Formerly Super Dragon
Super Dragon MD31 Funland Amusement Park
Drayton Manor
United Kingdom United Kingdom 2008
1984 to 2007
Operating [180]
[181]
Crazy Caterpillar Big Apple MB28 Tir Prince Family Funfair United Kingdom United Kingdom 2008 Operating [182]
Xpress Xpress XP48 Tsitsinatela Georgia (country) Georgia 2009 Operating [183]
Ali Baba Coaster Zyklon Z47 Gloria's Fantasyland Philippines Philippines 2009 Operating [184]
Looping Star Zyklon ZL42 Aden Park Yemen Yemen 2009 Operating [185]
Montaña Rusa Super Dragon MD31 Aventura Center (Las Condes)
Aventura Center (La Florida)
Chile Chile 2009
Unknown
Operating [186]
[187]
Cyclon Zyklon Supersonic Odessa Amusement Park Ukraine Ukraine 2010 Operating [188]
Oray Orayan Zyklon ZL42 Sabda Alam Water Park Indonesia Indonesia 2010 Removed [189]
Tornado Zyklon Z78 Parque Grano De Oro
Interpark
Venezuela Venezuela 2010
2004 to 2009
Closed [190]
[191]
Montanha Russa Zyklon Z47 Parque Guaíba Brazil Brazil 2011 Removed [192]
Caterpillar
Formerly Big Apple
Formerly Rattler
Big Apple MB28 Billing Aquadrome
Blackpool Pleasure Beach
Frontierland Family Theme Park
National Garden Festival
United Kingdom United Kingdom 2011
2003 to 2004
1991 to 1999
1990
Removed [193]
[194]
[195]
[196]
Clown Coaster
Formerly Circus Clown
Formerly Nicky's Circus
Circus Clown Wicksteed Park
Blackpool Pleasure Beach
Harbour Park
United Kingdom United Kingdom 2011
1989 to 2008
Unknown
Operating [197]
[198]
[199]
Super Jet Zyklon Z64 Parque Multirama
Playcenter São Paulo
Brazil Brazil 2012
1973 to 1996
Operating [200]
[201]
Loop Max Adrenaline
Formerly Roller Coaster
Formerly Gauntlet
Formerly Looping Star
Zyklon ZL42 Luna Park Sunny Beach
Playground Varna
Camelot Theme Park
Dreamland
Craig Tara Holiday Park
Bulgaria Bulgaria 2012
2009 to 2012
2001 to 2006
1999 to 2001
1987 to 1999
Operating [202]
[203]
[204]
[205]
[206]
Roller Coaster Zyklon Z40 Edenlandia Italy Italy 2012 Removed [207]
Super Dragon
Formerly Montaña Rusa
Super Dragon MD31 Republica de los Niños
Aventura Center
Argentina Argentina 2012
1988 to 2007
Removed [208]
[209]
Big Apple Big Apple MB28 West Sands Fun Fair
Flamingo Park
United Kingdom United Kingdom 2012
2006 to 2011
Operating [210]
[211]
Sand Blaster
Formerly Blue Diamond Streak
Formerly Zyklon
Formerly Sidewinder
Formerly Super Italian Bobs
Zyklon Z64 Boardwalk Amusements
Blue Diamond Park
DelGrosso's Amusement Park
Wild West World
Legend City
Adventureland Park
United States United States 2013
2004 to 2007
1987 to 2003
1984 to 1986
1978 to 1983
Unknown
Closed [212]
[213]
[214]
[215]
[216]
[217]
Wriggler
Formerly Caterpillar Capers
Big Apple MB28 Gulliver's Warrington
Camelot Theme Park
United Kingdom United Kingdom 2013
1984 to 2012
Operating [218]
[219]
Apollo Coaster
Formerly Montagnes du Grand Canyon
Zyklon Z64 Kingoland
OK Corral
France France 2014
2000 to 2011
Operating [220]
[221]
WildCat
Formerly Zyklon
Formerly Zyclone
Zyklon Z47 Santa's Village AZoosment Park
Fun Spot Park
Morey's Piers
United States United States 2014
1990 to 2008
1988 to 1989
Removed [222]
[223]
[224]
Loop Coaster
Formerly Dream Liner
Zyklon ZL42 Sky Ranch Pampanga
Carron Dream Park
Philippines Philippines 2014
2012 to 2014
Operating [225]
[226]
Unknown
Formerly Looping
preZyklon TL59 Family Fun
Tivoli Karolinelund
Iraq Iraq 2015
Unknown
Operating [227]
[228]
Looping Star Zyklon ZL42 Keansburg Amusement Park
Sauble Beach Fun World
Beech Bend
United States United States 2015
2011
2001 to 2009
Operating [229]
[230]
[231]
Strom
Formerly Roller Coaster
RC40 Magic Park Land
EuroPark Milano Idroscalo
France France 2015
2006 to 2014
Operating [232]
[233]
Crazy Train Mini Mega Coaster MM29 Gulliver's Warrington
Codona's Amusement Park
United Kingdom United Kingdom 2015
2003 to 2014
Operating [234]
[235]
Loop Roller Coaster
Formerly Python
Zyklon ZL42 CJ Barrymore's Family Entertainment Center
Playland's Castaway Cove
United States United States 2016
1996 to 2015
Operating [236]
[237]
Superman Coaster Zyklon ZL42 Jawa Timur Park 1 Indonesia Indonesia 2016 Operating [238]
Magic Loop Zyklon ZL42 Parque De Diversiones Bolivia Bolivia 2016 Operating [239]
London City Coaster
Formerly Grizzly Bear
Formerly Cyclone
Zyklon Z47 Attractiepark Duinen Zathe
Lightwater Valley
Spanish City Amusement Park
Netherlands Netherlands 2017
2004 to 2008
1991 to 2000
Operating [240]
[241]
[242]
Looping
Formerly Roller Coaster F1
Formerly Grizzly
Formerly Looping Dipper
Zyklon ZL42 Southport Pleasureland
Wesole Miasteczko Family Park
Kongeparken
Barry's Amusements
United Kingdom United Kingdom 2017
2009 to 2013
2004
1991 to 1996
Operating [243]
[244]
[245]
[246]
Flight of the Giant Peach
Formerly Space Coaster
Formerly Express
Formerly Cobra
RC40 Oakwood Theme Park
M&Ds Scotland's Theme Park
United Kingdom United Kingdom 2017
2006 to 2015
2003 to 2004
Unknown
Operating [247]
[248] & [249] & [250]
Zyclon Coaster Zyklon Z47 Kids Fun Park Indonesia Indonesia 2017 Operating [251]
Thriller RC50 Happy Land
Leolandia
EuroPark Milano Idroscalo
Turkey Turkey 2017
2006 to 2007
Unknown
Removed [252]
[253]
[254]
Emerald Coaster
Formerly Cat & Mouse
Formerly Zyklon
Zyklon Z40 Sam's Fun City
Ocean Beach Pleasure Park
Harbour Park
United States United States 2018
2002 to 2016
1986 to 2001
Operating [255]
[256]
[257]
Dragon Challenge
Formerly Beastie
Formerly Dragon
Formerly Mini Dragon
Super Dragon MD31 Barry Island Pleasure Park
Alton Towers
United Kingdom United Kingdom 2018
1983 to 2010
Operating [258]
[259]
Circus Clown Circus Clown Camel Creek Adventure Park
Oakwood Theme Park
United Kingdom United Kingdom 2019
1997 to 2018
Operating [260]
[261]
Unknown
Formerly Big Ohhhh!
Formerly Zyklon
Formerly Thunderail
Zyklon Z64 Lakeside Amusement Park
Fun Plex
Saginaw County Fairgrounds
Celebration City
Hamel's Park
United States United States 2019
2007 to 2017
2003 to 2006
2000 to 2001
1992 to 1999
Under construction [262]
[263]
[264]
[265]
[266]
Unknown Zyklon Z40 Luna Park Sincan
Lunapark Mersin
Turkey Turkey 2019
2004 to 2018
Under construction [267]
[268]
Unknown
Formerly Orkanens Øje
Zyklon ZL42 Baghdad Island
Tivoli Friheden
Iraq Iraq 2019
1986 to 2018
Under construction [269]
[270]
Unknown
Formerly Python
Mini Mega Coaster MM29 Kingoland
Gulliver's Milton Keynes
France France 2020
2003 to 2018
Under construction [271]
[272]
Unknown
Formerly Looping Star
Zyklon ZL42 Clacton Pier
Codona's Amusement Park
United Kingdom United Kingdom 2020
1999 to 2019
Under construction [273]
[274] & [275]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bannister, Richard F. (2007). "Fratelli Pinfari S.r.I." Roller Coasters: Manufacturers. Archived from the original on 17 November 2007. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
  2. ^ "About Interpark Amusements Srl". Retrieved 15 December 2010.
  3. ^ a b Seifert, Jeffrey (2006). "The Early Steel Coaster Manufacturers". RollerCoaster! Magazine. Vol. 27 no. 4. Zanesville, Ohio: American Coaster Enthusiasts. pp. 6–7. ISSN 0896-7261.
  4. ^ Marden, Duane. "Tornado  (M&Ds Scotland's Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  5. ^ Marden, Duane. "Super 8er Bahn  (Wiener Prater)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  6. ^ Marden, Duane. "Bat Coaster  (Nigoland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  7. ^ Marden, Duane. "Xpress  (Cicinatela Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
  8. ^ Pinfari - rcdb.com
  9. ^ Marden, Duane. "Thriller  (Luneur Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  10. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Seaburn Fun Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  11. ^ Marden, Duane. "Turbo  (Brighton Pier)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  12. ^ Marden, Duane. "Montañha Rusa  (Parque Trombini)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  13. ^ Marden, Duane. "Ze Ulta Fulta Express  (Fantasy Land)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  14. ^ Marden, Duane. "Pepsi-Cola Loop  (Ffrith Beach Fun Parc)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  15. ^ Marden, Duane. "Pepsi-Cola Loop  (Ocean Beach Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  16. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (M&Ds Scotland's Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  17. ^ Marden, Duane. "Zyklon  (Funtown Pier)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  18. ^ Marden, Duane. "Storm  (Peter Pan's Playground)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  19. ^ Marden, Duane. "Big Apple  (Peter Pan's Playground)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  20. ^ Marden, Duane. "Kålmoren  (Tivoli Karolinelund)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  21. ^ Marden, Duane. "Brucomela  (Luneur Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  22. ^ Marden, Duane. "Clown Coaster  (Chessington World of Adventures)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  23. ^ Marden, Duane. "Italian Bobs  (Adventureland Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  24. ^ Marden, Duane. "Treno Delle Miniere  (Luneur Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  25. ^ Marden, Duane. "Crazy Loop  (Tama Tech Motopia)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  26. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Coney Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  27. ^ Marden, Duane. "Flying Dutchman  (Dorney Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  28. ^ Marden, Duane. "Hochbahn  (Wiener Prater)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  29. ^ Marden, Duane. "Zyklon  (Morey's Piers)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  30. ^ Marden, Duane. "Hells Angels  (Casino Pier)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  31. ^ Marden, Duane. "Himalaya  (Luneur Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  32. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Bagatelle)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  33. ^ Marden, Duane. "Rakevet Harim  (Luna Park Tel Aviv)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  34. ^ Marden, Duane. "Cyclone  (Dreamland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  35. ^ Marden, Duane. "Meteor Roller Coaster  (Sportland Pier)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  36. ^ Marden, Duane. "Cyclone  (Battersea Fun Fair)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  37. ^ Marden, Duane. "Mouse Trap  (Wonderland Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  38. ^ Marden, Duane. "Ciklon  (Holnemvolt)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  39. ^ Marden, Duane. "Chicago Cat  (Old Chicago)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  40. ^ Marden, Duane. "Zyklon  (Western Fair)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  41. ^ Marden, Duane. "Valle degli Gnomi  (Fiabilandia)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  42. ^ Marden, Duane. "Masken  (Parken Zoo)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  43. ^ Marden, Duane. "Wildcat  (Southport Pleasureland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  44. ^ Marden, Duane. "Hochbahn  (Wiener Prater)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  45. ^ Marden, Duane. "Zyklon  (Funtrackers)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  46. ^ Marden, Duane. "Jet Stream  (Ocean Beach Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  47. ^ Marden, Duane. "Jet Stream  (Belle Vue Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  48. ^ Marden, Duane. "Jet Stream  (Battersea Fun Fair)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  49. ^ Marden, Duane. "Zyklon  (Jolly Roger at the Pier)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  50. ^ Marden, Duane. "Big Apple  (Luna Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  51. ^ Marden, Duane. "Big Apple  (Southport Pleasureland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  52. ^ Marden, Duane. "Zyklon  (Lakeview Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  53. ^ Marden, Duane. "Le Grand Huit  (Walibi Rhône-Alpes)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  54. ^ Marden, Duane. "Grand 8  (Walibi Belgium)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  55. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python Looping Coaster  (Drayton Manor)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  56. ^ Marden, Duane. "Circus Clown  (Southport Pleasureland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  57. ^ Marden, Duane. "HurryCane Roller Coaster  (Riverview Park & Waterworld)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  58. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping  (Hili Fun City)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  59. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping Banhn  (Wiener Prater)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  60. ^ Marden, Duane. "Montanha Russa  (Bracalãndia)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  61. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Feira Popular de Lsiboa)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  62. ^ Marden, Duane. "Big Apple  (Dreamland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  63. ^ Marden, Duane. "Ciclon  (Parque Diversiones)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  64. ^ Marden, Duane. "Big Apple  (Botton's Pleasure Land)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  65. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping  (Feira Popular de Lisboa)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  66. ^ Marden, Duane. "Stampede  (Frontierland Family Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  67. ^ Marden, Duane. "Cyclone  (Blackpool Pleasure Beach)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  68. ^ Marden, Duane. "Cyclone  (Genting Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  69. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Wicksteed Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  70. ^ Marden, Duane. "Zyclone  (EsselWorld)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  71. ^ Marden, Duane. "Storm  (Botton's Pleasure Beach)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  72. ^ Marden, Duane. "Zyklon  (Billing Aquadrome)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  73. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Great Yarmouth Pleasure Beach)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  74. ^ Marden, Duane. "Super Dragon  (Treasure Island Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  75. ^ Marden, Duane. "Big Apple  (EsselWorld)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  76. ^ Marden, Duane. "Superloopen  (Furuvik)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  77. ^ Marden, Duane. "Loop 2000  (Superland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  78. ^ Marden, Duane. "Thunder Mountain  (Flamingo Land)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  79. ^ Marden, Duane. "Zyklon  (Magic Springs & Crystal Falls)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  80. ^ Marden, Duane. "Roller Coaster  (Wicksteed Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  81. ^ Marden, Duane. "Montaña Rusa  (Mundo Divertido)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  82. ^ Marden, Duane. "Montaña Rusa  (Mundo Divertido)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  83. ^ Marden, Duane. "Montanha Russa  (Play Kid)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  84. ^ Marden, Duane. "Ortobruco Tour  (Gardaland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  85. ^ Marden, Duane. "Diamon Python  (Meribula's Magic Mountain)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  86. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Neverland Ranch)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  87. ^ Marden, Duane. "Sorcerer  (Camelot Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  88. ^ Marden, Duane. "Mega Blitz  (Coney Beach Pleasure Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  89. ^ Marden, Duane. "Zyklon  (Dinosaur Beach)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  90. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping Thunder  (Oaks Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  91. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Jolly Roger at the Pier)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  92. ^ Marden, Duane. "Super 8er Bahn  (Wiener Prater)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  93. ^ Marden, Duane. "Super Loop  (Izmir Fuari)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  94. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Mirabilandia)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  95. ^ Marden, Duane. "Montanha Russa  (American Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  96. ^ Marden, Duane. "Chenille  (Nigloland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  97. ^ Marden, Duane. "Tornado  (M&Ds Scotland's Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  98. ^ Marden, Duane. "Montahna Russa  (Walter World)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  99. ^ Marden, Duane. "Firecracker  (Jolly Roger Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  100. ^ Marden, Duane. "Firecracker  (Holiday World)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  101. ^ Marden, Duane. "Cyclone  (Geauga Lake)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  102. ^ Marden, Duane. "Mini Dragon  (Funland Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  103. ^ Marden, Duane. "Big Apple  (Great Yarmouth Pleasure Beach)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  104. ^ Marden, Duane. "Mini Apple  (Alton Towers)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  105. ^ Marden, Duane. "Imorinth  (Himeji Central Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  106. ^ Marden, Duane. "Figure of Eight  (Brean Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  107. ^ Marden, Duane. "Tokaydo Express  (Blackpool Pleasure Beach)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  108. ^ Marden, Duane. "Rollies Coaster  (Morey's Piers)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  109. ^ Marden, Duane. "African Big Apple  (West Midland Safari Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  110. ^ Marden, Duane. "Big Apple  (M&Ds Scotland's Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  111. ^ Marden, Duane. "Big Apple  (M&Ds Scotland's Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  112. ^ Marden, Duane. "Big Apple  (M&Ds Scotland's Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  113. ^ Marden, Duane. "Queen Bee  (Center Norte)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  114. ^ Marden, Duane. "Hurricane  (Center Norte)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  115. ^ Marden, Duane. "RC-48  (Morey's Piers)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  116. ^ Marden, Duane. "Vildkatten  (Sommerland Sjælland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  117. ^ Marden, Duane. "Viper  (Knowsley Safari Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  118. ^ Marden, Duane. "Big Dipper  (Marvel's Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  119. ^ Marden, Duane. "Jubilé  (Selva Mágica)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  120. ^ Marden, Duane. "Jubilé  (Plopsaland De Panne)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  121. ^ Marden, Duane. "Äppelmasken  (Ölands Djur & Nölespark)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  122. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Wonder World Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  123. ^ Marden, Duane. "Família Expressz  (Holnemvolt Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  124. ^ Marden, Duane. "Dragen  (Tivoli Friheden)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  125. ^ Marden, Duane. "Speedy Mouse  (Barry's Amusements)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  126. ^ Marden, Duane. "Zolo Coaster  (Jungle Land)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  127. ^ Marden, Duane. "Big Dipper  (Barry's Amusements)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  128. ^ Marden, Duane. "Barry's Big Dipper  (Barry's Amusements)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  129. ^ Marden, Duane. "Montaña Rusa  (Mundo Divertido)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  130. ^ Marden, Duane. "Roller Coaster  (Nova Nicolândi)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  131. ^ Marden, Duane. "Minicoaster Apple  (Nettuno Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  132. ^ Marden, Duane. "Queen Bee  (Botton's Pleasure Beach)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  133. ^ Marden, Duane. "Tokaido  (Luneur Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  134. ^ Marden, Duane. "Alexandros  (Ta Aidonakia Luna Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  135. ^ Marden, Duane. "Zyklon Loop  (Star City)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  136. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Xinghai Square)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  137. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Wonder Land)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  138. ^ Marden, Duane. "Magic Loop  (Aventura Luna Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  139. ^ Marden, Duane. "World Express  (Parque de Atracciones de Plaza Mayor)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  140. ^ Marden, Duane. "King  (Nashville Valley Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  141. ^ Marden, Duane. "Montanha Russa  (Park Trombini)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  142. ^ Marden, Duane. "Super Train  (AltınPark Bursa)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  143. ^ Marden, Duane. "Mighty Mini Mega  (Adventure Island)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  144. ^ Marden, Duane. "Familienachterbahn  (Funny Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  145. ^ Marden, Duane. "Miniera d'Oro Del West  (Fiabilandia)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  146. ^ Marden, Duane. "Brucomela  (Demetevler Luna Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  147. ^ Marden, Duane. "Tsunami  (M&Ds Scotland's Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  148. ^ Marden, Duane. "Crazy Loop  (Brean Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  149. ^ Marden, Duane. "Crazy Loop  (Pleasure Island Family Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  150. ^ Marden, Duane. "Crazy Loop  (Flamingo Land)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  151. ^ Marden, Duane. "Pomme  (Cita-Parc)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  152. ^ Marden, Duane. "Log Roll'r Coaster  (Yellowstone Bear World)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  153. ^ Marden, Duane. "Roller Coaster  (Adlerkurort Metro Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  154. ^ Marden, Duane. "Klondike Gold Mine  (Funland Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  155. ^ Marden, Duane. "Klondike Gold Mine  (Drayton Manor)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  156. ^ Marden, Duane. "Montaña Rusa  (VulQano Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  157. ^ Marden, Duane. "Cyclon  (Fantasilandia)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  158. ^ Marden, Duane. "Z40 Roller Coaster  (Tir Prince Family Funfair)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  159. ^ Marden, Duane. "El Bandido  (Western Playland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  160. ^ Marden, Duane. "El Bandido  (Western Playland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  161. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Big Center Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  162. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping  (Magic Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  163. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Kunming International Convention & Exhibition Center)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  164. ^ Marden, Duane. "Elma Kurdu  (Izmir Fuari)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  165. ^ Marden, Duane. "Bat Coaster  (Antibes Land)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  166. ^ Marden, Duane. "Bat Coaster  (Nigloland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  167. ^ Marden, Duane. "Star Flyer  (Star City)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  168. ^ Marden, Duane. "Montanha Russa  (Parque de Diversão Barilândia)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  169. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Yuxi Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  170. ^ Marden, Duane. "Hoola Loop  (EsselWorld)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  171. ^ Marden, Duane. "Tokaido  (EuroPark Milano Idroscalo)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  172. ^ Marden, Duane. "X Speed  (Movieland Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  173. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Gorky Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  174. ^ Marden, Duane. "Colossu's Loop  (Nova Nicolândi)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  175. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Park do Gorilão)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  176. ^ Marden, Duane. "Fami'Stéric  (Fami P.A.R.C)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  177. ^ Marden, Duane. "Sky Ways Roller Coaster  (Pirat' Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  178. ^ Marden, Duane. "Sky Ways Roller Coaster  (Brean Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  179. ^ Marden, Duane. "City Coaster  (Beijing Carnival)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  180. ^ Marden, Duane. "Funlandasaurus  (Funland Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  181. ^ Marden, Duane. "Super Dragon  (Drayton Manor)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  182. ^ Marden, Duane. "Crazy Caterpillar  (Tir Prince Family Funfair)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  183. ^ Marden, Duane. "Xpress  (Tsitsinatela)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  184. ^ Marden, Duane. "Ali Baba Coaster  (Gloria's Fantasyland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  185. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Aden Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  186. ^ Marden, Duane. "Montaña Rusa  (Aventura Center)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  187. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Aventura Center)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  188. ^ Marden, Duane. "Cyclon  (Odessa Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  189. ^ Marden, Duane. "Oray Orayan  (Sabda Alam Water Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  190. ^ Marden, Duane. "Tornado  (Parque Grano De Oro)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  191. ^ Marden, Duane. "Tornado  (Interpark)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  192. ^ Marden, Duane. "Montanha Russa  (Parque Guaíba)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  193. ^ Marden, Duane. "Caterpillar  (Billing Aquadrome)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  194. ^ Marden, Duane. "Big Apple  (Blackpool Pleasure Beach)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  195. ^ Marden, Duane. "Rattler  (Frontierland Family Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  196. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (National Garden Festival)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  197. ^ Marden, Duane. "Clown Coaster  (Wicksteed Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  198. ^ Marden, Duane. "Circus Clown  (Blackpool Pleasure Beach)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  199. ^ Marden, Duane. "Circus Clown  (Harbour Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  200. ^ Marden, Duane. "Super Jet  (Parque Multirama)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  201. ^ Marden, Duane. "Super Jet  (Playcenter São Paull)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  202. ^ Marden, Duane. "Loop Max Adrenaline  (Luna Park Sunny Beach)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  203. ^ Marden, Duane. "Roller Coaster  (Playground Varna)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  204. ^ Marden, Duane. "Gauntlet  (Camelot Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  205. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Dreamland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  206. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Craig Tara Holiday Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  207. ^ Marden, Duane. "Roller Coaster  (Edenlandia)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  208. ^ Marden, Duane. "Super Dragon  (Republica de los Niños)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  209. ^ Marden, Duane. "Montaña Rusa  (Anventura Center)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  210. ^ Marden, Duane. "Big Apple  (West Sands Fun Fair)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  211. ^ Marden, Duane. "Big Apple  (Flamingo Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  212. ^ Marden, Duane. "Sand Blaster  (Boardwalk Amusements)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  213. ^ Marden, Duane. "Blue Diamond Streak  (Blue Diamond Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  214. ^ Marden, Duane. "Zyklon  (DelGrosso's Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  215. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Wild West World)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  216. ^ Marden, Duane. "Sidewinder  (Legend City)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  217. ^ Marden, Duane. "Super Italian Bobs  (Adventureland Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  218. ^ Marden, Duane. "Wriggler  (Gulliver's Warrington)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  219. ^ Marden, Duane. "Caterpillar Capers  (Camelot Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  220. ^ Marden, Duane. "Apollo Coaster  (Kingoland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  221. ^ Marden, Duane. "Montagnes du Grand Canyon  (OK Corral)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  222. ^ Marden, Duane. "WildCat  (Santa's Village AZoosment Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  223. ^ Marden, Duane. "Zyklon  (Fun Spot)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  224. ^ Marden, Duane. "Zyclone  (Morey's Piers)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  225. ^ Marden, Duane. "Loop Coaster  (Sky Ranch Pampanga)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  226. ^ Marden, Duane. "Dream Liner  (Carron Dream Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  227. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Family Fun)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  228. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping  (Tivoli Karolinelund)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  229. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Keansburg Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  230. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Sauble Beach Fun World)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  231. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Beech Bend)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  232. ^ Marden, Duane. "Strom  (Magic Park Land)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  233. ^ Marden, Duane. "Roller Coaster  (EuroPark Milano Idroscalo)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  234. ^ Marden, Duane. "Crazy Train  (Gulliver's Warrington)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  235. ^ Marden, Duane. "Crazy Train  (Codona's Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  236. ^ Marden, Duane. "Loop Roller Coaster  (CJ Barrymore's Family Entertainment Center)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  237. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python  (Playland's Castaway Cove)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  238. ^ Marden, Duane. "Superman Coaster  (Jawa Timur Park 1)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  239. ^ Marden, Duane. "Magic Loop  (Parc De Diversiones)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  240. ^ Marden, Duane. "London City Coaster  (Attractiepark Duinen Zathe)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  241. ^ Marden, Duane. "Grizzly Bear  (Lightwater Valley)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  242. ^ Marden, Duane. "Cyclone  (Spanish City Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  243. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping  (Southport Pleasureland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  244. ^ Marden, Duane. "Roller Coaster F1  (Wesole Miasteczko Family Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  245. ^ Marden, Duane. "Grizzly  (Kongeparken)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  246. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping Dipper  (Barry's Amusements)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  247. ^ Marden, Duane. "Flight of the Giant Peach  (Oakwood Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  248. ^ Marden, Duane. "Space Coaster  (M&Ds Scotland's Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  249. ^ Marden, Duane. "Express  (M&Ds Scotland's Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  250. ^ Marden, Duane. "Cobra  (M&Ds Scotland's Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  251. ^ Marden, Duane. "Zyclon Coaster  (Kids Fun Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  252. ^ Marden, Duane. "Thriller  (Happy Land)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  253. ^ Marden, Duane. "Thriller  (Leolandia)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  254. ^ Marden, Duane. "Thriller  (EuroPark Milano Idroscalo)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  255. ^ Marden, Duane. "Emerald Coaster  (Sam's Fun City)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  256. ^ Marden, Duane. "Cat & Mouse  (Ocean Beach Pleasure Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  257. ^ Marden, Duane. "Zyklon  (Harbour Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  258. ^ Marden, Duane. "Dragon Challenge  (Barry Island Pleasure Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  259. ^ Marden, Duane. "Beastie  (Alton Towers)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  260. ^ Marden, Duane. "Circus Clown  (Camel Creek Adventure Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  261. ^ Marden, Duane. "Circus Clown  (Oakwood Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  262. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Lakeside Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  263. ^ Marden, Duane. "Big Ohhhh!  (Fun Plex)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  264. ^ Marden, Duane. "Zyklon  (Saginaw County Fairgrounds)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  265. ^ Marden, Duane. "Zyklon  (Celebration City)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  266. ^ Marden, Duane. "Thunderail  (Hamel's Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  267. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Luna Park Sincan)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  268. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Lunapark Mersin)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  269. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Baghdad Island)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  270. ^ Marden, Duane. "Orkanens Øje  (Tivoli Friheden)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  271. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Kingoland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  272. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python  (Gulliver's Milton Keynes)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  273. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Clacton Pier)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  274. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Codona's Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  275. ^ Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Codona's Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  • circa 1997 F.LLI Pinfari ride catalog

External links[edit]