Pingali Venkayya

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Pingali Venkayya
Pingali Venkayya 2009 stamp of India.jpg
Venkayya on a 2009 stamp of India
Born2 August 1876
Died4 July 1963 (aged 86)
Known forDesign of Indian National Flag

Pingali Venkayya (2 August 1876 – 4 July 1963) was an Indian freedom fighter and the designer of the flag on which the Indian national flag was based. He was born at Bhatlapenumarru, near Machilipatnam, in what is now the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[1]

Various so-called national flags had been used by members of the Indian independence movement prior to independence being achieved in 1947. Venkayya's version was first designed for the Indian National Congress and subsequently modified in 1947.[2]

According to The Hindu, "Pingali Venkayya was an authority in geology, agriculture and also an educationist who set up an educational institution in Machilipatnam. He, however, died in poverty in 1963 and was largely forgotten by the society and by his own party, the Congress." A postage stamp was issued to commemorate him in 2009 and in 2011 it was proposed that he be posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna. The outcome of that proposal is not known.[3]


  1. ^ Archana, K. C. (2 August 2015). "A salute to the man who designed the Tricolour: Pingali Venkayya". India Today. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
  2. ^ "History of Indian Tricolor". Government of India. Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
  3. ^ Mellymaitreyi, M. L. (18 November 2012). "State recommends Bharat Ratna for Pingali Venkayya". The Hindu. Retrieved 9 April 2013.