Pingdingshan massacre

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The Pingdingshan village massacre was a massacre committed by Imperial Japanese Army on September 16, 1932.

On September 15, Anti-Japanese Red Spear militia, not from the area, but passing through Pingdingshan, fired on Japanese soldiers and later attacked the Japanese garrison in the nearby industrial city of Fushun. The next day in retaliation Japanese soldiers and police in tracking the rebels as they fled back through the villages, assumed all who were in the vicinity either to be members of the militia or their confederates and punished them, by burning homes and summarily executing, bayoneting and machine-gunning village residents. Chinese sources place the number of victims at 3217. However, the population of the village at the time was 1400. Japanese sources place the number of victims at 800.[1] The village was burned down and destroyed.

In 1972, remains of about 800 dead compatriots were found in a mass grave 80 by 5 metres in size. A memorial hall was constructed to house these remains. It is situated in Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County in the prefecture of Fushun, China.

A group of Chinese survivors of the massacre demanded 20 million yen from the Japanese government in reparations. In 2006, the Japanese Supreme Court ruled that a national court could not grant wartime indemnities, as this was a matter for international treaties.

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ 田辺敏雄 『追跡平頂山事件』 図書出版社 1988年12月

Coordinates: 41°50′02″N 123°55′32″E / 41.83389°N 123.92556°E / 41.83389; 123.92556