Pingla (community development block)
|Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
|• Total||220.24 km2 (85.04 sq mi)|
|Elevation||17 m (56 ft)|
|• Density||880/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||WB 34|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Ghatal|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Pingla, Sabang|
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Human Development Report
- 4 Economy
- 5 Transport
- 6 Education
- 7 Healthcare
- 8 Reflist
Paschim Medinipur, located in the south-western part of West Bengal, was created with the partition of the erstwhile Midnapore district, then the largest district of India, on 1 January 2002. It ranks second in terms of geographical area (9,295.28 km2) amongst the districts of the state, next to South 24-Parganas (9,960 km2). It ranks third in terms of rural population (4.58 million) following South 24-Parganas (5.82 million) and Murshidabad (5.13 million). It ranked fourth in terms of percentage of tribal population (14.87) following Jalpaiguri (18.87), Purulia (18.27) and Dakshin Dinajpur (16.12) in 2011.
Broadly speaking, there are two natural divisions of the district. NH 14 and NH 16 (old numbering NH 60) from Bankura to Balasore, cuts across the district and roughly is the dividing line between the two natural divisions. To the east of this road, the soil is fertile alluvial and the area is flat. To the west, the Chota Nagpur Plateau gradually slopes down creating an undulating area with infertile laterite rocks/ soil. The landscape changes from dense dry deciduous forests in the west to marshy wetlands in the east.
The alluvial portion may be further subdivided into two divisions. First, it is a strip of purely deltaic country nearer to the Hooghly and the Rupnarayan, intersected by numerous rivers and water courses subject to tidal influences. Second, it is rest of the eastern half of the district. It is a monotonous rice plain with numerous waterways and tidal creeks intersecting it. The tidal creeks are lined with embankments to prevent flooding of the fields. Much of the area is water-logged.
The river system of Paschim Medinipur district consists of the Rupnarayan, the Silabati or Silai, the Kangsabati or Kansai, the Subarnarekha and the Dulongs. The Silai enters the district from Bankura district, flows through the northern parts of Medinipur Sadar subdivision and then enters Ghatal subdivision and joins the Rupnarayan at Bhandar, 4 miles below Ghatal. The Kasai enters the district from Bankura district. It flows past Medinipur town, bifurcates into two channels, one of which joins the Rupnarayan. Purandar, Gopa, Chandaur and Kubai are important tributaries in the system. The Subarnarekha enters the district from East Singhbhum district in Jharkhand, flows through the southern part of Medinipur Sadar subdivision, intersects Gopiballavpur police station area, flows past Dantan town and enters Balasore district of Odisha.
Floods and drought
Paschim Medinipur district is subject to both floods and drought. Ghatal and parts of Kharagpur subdivision covering an area of 142,647 hectares (1,426.47 km2) are flood prone. Water logging during the rainy season affects Ghatal and the southern parts of Kharagpur subdivion and results in loss of crops in such areas as Sabang, Pingla and Narayangarh CD Blocks.335,248 hectares (3,352.48 km2) in Jhargram and Medinipur Sadar subdivisions are drought prone. The drought situation is particularly severe in Jhargram subdivision. Although the district is away from the sea, cyclones hit it frequently in October–November.
Pingla is located at.
Pingla CD Block is bounded by Debra CD Block in the north, Panskura I and Moyna CD Blocks, in Purba Medinipur district, in the east, Sabang CD Block in the south and Kharagpur II CD Block in the west.
Area and administration
Pingla CD Block has an area of 220.24 km2. Pingla police station serves this CD Block. Pingla panchayat samity has 10 gram panchayats. The block has 175 inhabited villages. Headquarters of this block is at Pingla.
As per the 2011 Census of India Pingla CD Block had a total population of 194,809, all of which were rural. There were 99,988 (51%) males and 94,821 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 22,719. Scheduled Castes numbered 16,428 (8.43%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 19,322 (9.92%).
As per the 2001 census, Pingla block had a total population of 170,792, out of which 88,251 were males and 82,541 were females. Pingla block registered a population growth of 14.25 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the combined Midnapore district was 14.87 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.45 per cent.
Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Pingla CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Pingla (5,253), Khirai (6,427), Maligram (11,337), Pindrui (4,384), Dangalsa (5,190) and Jalchak (6,793).
Other villages in Pingla CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Gobardhanpur (3,665), Karkai (3,113), Dhaneshwarpur Uttar Bar (539), Dhaneshwarour Madhyam Bar (1,247), Dhaneshwarpur Jamua (152), Dhaneswarour Paikan Uttar Bar (697), Dhaneshwarpur Paikan Dakhin Bar (270), Dhaneshwarpur Paschim Bar (1,852), Jamna (3,336) and Karkai (3,113).
As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Pingla CD Block was 143,882 (83.57% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 79,657 (90.22% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 64,165 (76.57% of the female population over 6 years). The gender gap in literacy rates was 13.65%.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of
Paschim Medinipur district
|Binpur I – 69.74%|
|Binpur II – 70.46%|
|Gopiballavpur I – 65.44%|
|Gopiballavpur II – 71.40%|
|Jamboni – 72.63%|
|Jhargram – 72.23%|
|Nayagram – 63.70%|
|Sankrail – 73.35%|
|Medinipur Sadar subdivision|
|Garhbeta I – 72.21%|
|Garhbeta II – 75.87%|
|Garhbeta III – 73.42%|
|Keshpur – 77.88%|
|Midnapore Sadar – 70.48%|
|Salboni – 74.87%|
|Chandrakona I – 78.93%|
|Chandrakona II – 75.96%|
|Daspur I – 83.99%|
|Daspur II – 85.62%|
|Ghatal – 81.08%|
|Dantan I – 73.53%|
|Dantan II – 82.45%|
|Debra – 82.03%|
|Keshiari – 76.78%|
|Kharagpur I – 77.06%|
|Kharagpur II – 76.08%|
|Mohanpur – 80.51%|
|Narayangarh – 78.31%|
|Pingla – 83.57%|
|Sabang – 86.84%|
2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 166,772 and formed 85.61% of the population in Pingla CD Block. Muslims numbered 27,846 and formed 14.29% of the population. Others numbered 191 and formed 0.10% of the population. Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria, Christian and other religious communities.
In 2011, Hindus numbered 5,056,953 and formed 85.52% of the population in Paschim Medinipur district. Muslims numbered 620,554 and formed 10.49% of the population. Others (including Christians) numbered 235,950 and formed 3.99% of the population. Christians numbered 23,287 and formed 0.39% of the population. In West Bengal, Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.
Human Development Report
According to the District Human Development Report of Paschim Medinipur: The district represents regional diversity in terms of physiographic, agro-climatic characteristics, economic development, social composition etc. Over 7,500 inhabited villages of the district reflect highly differential features and indicators of human development. There are pockets of prosperity in the eastern part and areas of distress in the western part. From 2009 Maoist violence rapidly spread across eleven western CD Blocks of the district: Binpur I, Binpur II, Salboni, Grahbeta II, Jamboni, Jhargram, Midnapore Sadar, Gopiballavpur I, Gopiballavpur II, Sankrail and Nayagram.
The level of urbanisation in the district is low. In 2001 the percentage share of the urban population in the district was 11.90 against 27.96 in the state as a whole. Population density at 531 persons per km2 was lower than the West Bengal average of 903 persons per km2. The literacy rate has increased significantly from 39.80% in 1981 to 70.41% in 2001, but the gender gap in literacy rate (difference between female and male literacy rates) is substantial.
There is high agricultural productivity differential across 29 blocks of the district. The differential being high across drought prone blocks of the western part of the district and substantially irrigated blocks of its eastern part. Low productivity of agriculture has considerable relevance for high level of poverty among households in the drought prone regions specially among the SCs and STs. The district is relatively backward in the development of infrastructure.
Electrification was extended to 76.79% mouzas of the district by 2007. In Pingla CD Block electricity was extended to 87.91% of the mouzas by 2007.
The United Nations Development Programme considers the combined primary and secondary enrolment ratio as the simple indicator of educational achievement of the children in the school going age. The infrastructure available is important. In Pingla CD Block out of the total 145 primary schools in 2008-2009, 22 had pucca buildings, 64 partially pucca, 16 kucha and 43 multiple type. In the district as a whole 43.6% of primary schools and 88.38% of upper primary schools had libraries, 30.99% primary schools (classes I – V) and 78.37% upper primary schools (classes VI to VIII) had play grounds, and 20.83% upper primary schools had computers. 62,697 sudents of primary schools and 242,728 students of upper primary schools were covered under the Midday Meal Scheme. Nayagram and Gopiballavpur I CD Blocks have been identified as educationally backward blocks and special efforts are being made through National Programme of Education for Girls at Elementary Level and Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya hostels. These are the hostels for accommodating girl students from weaker sections of the society and all costs relating to their livelihood are borne by the government so that they are not to be deprived of availing elementary education for want of money or other social issues.
As per the Rural Household Survey conducted in 2005 by the Department of Panchayats and Rural Development, Government of West Bengal, 43.79% of rural houselds in the district were Below Poverty Line against 34.12% in West Bengal.
The 29 CD Blocks of the district were classified into four categories based on the poverty ratio. Nayagram, Binpur II and Jamboni CD Blocks have very high poverty levels (above 60%). Kharagpur I, Kharagpur II, Sankrail, Garhbeta II, Pingla and Mohanpur CD Blocks have high levels of poverty (50-60%), Jhargram, Midnapore Sadar, Dantan I, Gopiballavpur II, Binpur I, Dantan II, Keshiari, Chandrakona I, Gopiballavpur I, Chandrakona II, Narayangarh, Keshpur, Ghatal, Sabang, Garhbeta I, Salboni, Debra and Garhbeta III CD Blocks have moderate levels of poverty (25-50%) and Daspur II and Daspur I have low levels of poverty (below 25%).
The loco shops of South Eastern Railway employed 3,983 persons, the carriage shops of South Eastern Railway employed 2,189 persons, the wagon repair shops of South Eastern Railway employed 1,700 persons. There were 14 units employing between 250 and 1,000 persons. All other industrial establishments in Paschim Medinipur employed less than 250 persons. More than 80% of Paschim Medinipur’s population depend on agricultural activities for a living.
The dominant SC groups in the district are Bagdi Dule, Dom, Jalia Kaibarta, Mal, Rajbanshi, Rajoyar, Keora, Bhimali, Bauri, and Tiyar. Ghatal sub-division has highest concentration of 24.95% SC population. The western part of the district shows more dense ST population. The Jhargram sub division has the highest concentration, i.e. 30.02% of total ST population. The major tribal communities of the district are Santhal, Bhumij, Munda, Lodha, Kora and Mahali. Among them, Lodha only belong to the primitive tribal group. Most of the STs live on agricultural labour. Many ST families move to the neighbouring districts in search of work, particularly during the cultivation season.
(Note: Certain topics, such as Geography, Literacy, Education, Healthcare etc., are not/not fully covered here and are covered elsewhere in this page.)
in CD Blocks of
Paschim Medinipur district
|Binpur I – 47.46%|
|Binpur II – 68.59%|
|Gopiballavpur I – 44.25%|
|Gopiballavpur II – 47.72%|
|Jamboni – 67.11%|
|Jhargram – 49.02%|
|Nayagram – 69.26%|
|Sankrail – 51.33%|
|Medinipur Sadar subdivision|
|Garhbeta I – 36.87%|
|Garhbeta II – 50.76%|
|Garhbeta III – 31.95%|
|Keshpur – 39.90%|
|Midnapore Sadar – 48.90%|
|Salboni – 36.11%|
|Chandrakona I – 44.21%|
|Chandrakona II – 41.84%|
|Daspur I – 22.16 %|
|Daspur II – 20.29%|
|Ghatal – 38.86%|
|Dantan I – 48.81%|
|Dantan II – 46.97%|
|Debra – 33.76%|
|Keshiari – 46.89%|
|Kharagpur I – 58.56%|
|Kharagpur II – 53.57%|
|Mohanpur – 50.16%|
|Narayangarh – 41.60%|
|Pingla – 50.51 %|
|Sabang – 37.37%|
District Human Development Report:
Paschim Medinipur, 2010, page 177
in 2003-04, in Pingla CD Block had 3,000 hectares of canals, 2,000 hectares were irrigated with tank water, 625 hecatres by deep tube wells and 5,075 hectares by shallow tube wells. In 2006-07 in Pingla CD Block 42.75% of the gross cropped area had facilities for irrigation.
In 2003-04 Pingla CD Block had 40 km of surfaced roads under PWD and 838 km surfaced roads and 431 km unsurfaced roads under Gram Panchayat and Panchayat Samiti.
In 2003-04 the farmers of Pingla CD Block could be classified as follows: Bargadars 6.58%, patta (document) holders 4.42%, small farmers 9.06%, marginal farmers 31.98% and agricultural labourers 47.96%.
Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants. As of 2003-04, Pingla CD Block had 1,524 hectares vested land, out of which 1,411 hectares were distributed amongst 25,625 persons.
In 2003-04 net area sown in Pingla CD Block was 18,529 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 15,480 hectares.
In 2003-04 Pingla CD Block produced 12,240 tonnes of Aus paddy from 6,840 hectares, 27,490 tonnes of Aman paddy from 16,740 hectares, 32,440 tonnes Boro paddy from 12,440 hectares, 13,250 tonnes jute from 1,390 hectares, 530 tonnes wheat from 270 hectares and 1,330 tonnes potatoes from 80 hectares.
In Pingla CD Block 539 hectares was the nett area under effective pisiculture. 667 persons were engaged in the profession. Approximate annual production in 2003-04 was 7,083 qtl.
Pingla CD Block has 24 originating/ terminating bus routes.
The nearest Highway NH-6 is connected to Pingla at Debra.
In 2003-04, Pingla CD Block had 141 primary schools with 16,237 students, 7 middle schools with 1,838 students, 14 high schools with 9,639 students and 8 higher secondary schools with 6,362 students. Pingla CD Block had 1 general college with 1740 students, 1 professional and technical institution with 120 students, 241 institutions with 10,557 students for special and non-formal education. Pingla CD Block had 126 mass literacy centres.
Pingla CD Block had 4 health centres, 26 clinics and 1 dispensary with 33 beds and 7 doctors in 2003.
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