Pingla (community development block)

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Pingla
পিংলা
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Pingla is located in West Bengal
Pingla
Pingla
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°16′19″N 87°35′08″E / 22.27191°N 87.58568°E / 22.27191; 87.58568Coordinates: 22°16′19″N 87°35′08″E / 22.27191°N 87.58568°E / 22.27191; 87.58568
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Paschim Medinipur
Area
 • Total 224.48 km2 (86.67 sq mi)
Elevation 17 m (56 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 194,809
 • Density 870/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 721140 (Pingla)
Telephone/STD code 03228
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB 34
Literacy 83.57%
Lok Sabha constituency Ghatal
Vidhan Sabha constituency Pingla, Sabang
Website paschimmedinipur.gov.in

Pingla is a community development block that forms an administrative division in the Kharagpur subdivision of Paschim Medinipur district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

Pingla CD Block is a flood prone area affected by water-logging leading to loss of crops. In this block 100% of the cultivated area has highly productive alluvial soil.[1]

Pingla is located at 22°16′19″N 87°35′08″E / 22.27191°N 87.58568°E / 22.27191; 87.58568.

Pingla CD Block is bounded by Debra CD Block in the north, Panskura and Moyna CD Blocks, in Purba Medinipur district, in the east, Sabang CD Block in the south and Kharagpur II CD Block in the west.[2][3]

It is located 36 km from Midnapore, the district headquarters.[2]

Pingla CD Block has an area of 224.48 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 10 gram panchayats, 142 gram sansads (village councils), 182 mouzas and 175 inhabited villages. Pingla police station serves this block.[4] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Pingla.[5]

Gram panchayats of Pingla block/ panchayat samiti are: Kusumda, Jamna, Dhaneswarpur, Karkai, Maligram, Khirai, Gobardhanpur, Pindrui, Jalchak-I, Jalchak-II.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Pingla CD Block had a total population of 194,809, all of which were rural. There were 99,988 (51%) males and 94,821 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 22,719. Scheduled Castes numbered 16,428 (8.43%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 19,322 (9.92%).[7]

As per the 2001 census, Pingla block had a total population of 170,792, out of which 88,251 were males and 82,541 were females. Pingla block registered a population growth of 14.25 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the combined Midnapore district was 14.87 per cent.[8] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.45 per cent.[9] Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Pingla CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Pingla (5,253), Khirai (6,427), Maligram (11,337), Pindrui (4,384), Dangalsa (5,190) and Jalchak (6,793).[7]

Other villages in Pingla CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Gobardhanpur (3,665), Karkai (3,113), Dhaneshwarpur Uttar Bar (539), Dhaneshwarour Madhyam Bar (1,247), Dhaneshwarpur Jamua (152), Dhaneswarour Paikan Uttar Bar (697), Dhaneshwarpur Paikan Dakhin Bar (270), Dhaneshwarpur Paschim Bar (1,852), Jamna (3,336) and Karkai (3,113).[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Pingla CD Block was 143,882 (83.57% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 79,657 (90.22% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 64,165 (76.57% of the female population over 6 years). The gender gap in literacy rates was 13.65%.[7]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

Religion in Pingla CD Block
Hindu
85.61%
Muslim
14.29%
Others
0.10%

In the 2011 census Hindus formed 85.61% of the population in Pingla CD Block. Muslims formed 14.29% of the population. Others formed 0.10% of the population.[10] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[11] Christian and other religious communities.[10]

BPL families[edit]

In Pingla CD Block 50.51% families were living below poverty line in 2007.[12]

According to the District Human Development Report of Paschim Medinipur: The 29 CD Blocks of the district were classified into four categories based on the poverty ratio. Nayagram, Binpur II and Jamboni CD Blocks have very high poverty levels (above 60%). Kharagpur I, Kharagpur II, Sankrail, Garhbeta II, Pingla and Mohanpur CD Blocks have high levels of poverty (50-60%), Jhargram, Midnapore Sadar, Dantan I, Gopiballavpur II, Binpur I, Dantan II, Keshiari, Chandrakona I, Gopiballavpur I, Chandrakona II, Narayangarh, Keshpur, Ghatal, Sabang, Garhbeta I, Salboni, Debra and Garhbeta III CD Blocks have moderate levels of poverty (25-50%) and Daspur II and Daspur I have low levels of poverty (below 25%).[13]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

175 or 96% of mouzas in Pingla CD block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[14]

175 mouzas in Pingla CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 113 fertiliser depots, 124 seed stores and 38 fair price shops in the CD Block.[14]

Agriculture[edit]

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Pingla CD Block

  Bargadars (3.75%)
  Patta holders (26.07%)
  Small farmers (3.29%)
  Marginal farmers (19.35%)
  Agricultural labourers (46.90%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[15]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Pingla CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 3.75%, patta (document) holders 26.70%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 3.29%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 19.35% and agricultural labourers 46.90%.[14]

In 2005-06 the nett cropped area in Pingla CD Block was 18,600 hectares out of the total geographical area of 21,948 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 18,377 hectares.[16]

The extension of irrigation has played a role in growth of the predominantly agricultural economy.[17]In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Pingla CD Block was 13,170 hectares, out of which 2,000 hectares were irrigated by tank water, 10,400 hectares by deep tubewells and 770 hectares by other methods.[14]

In 2013-14, Pingla CD Block produced 36,526 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 17,429 hectares, 2,738 tonnes of Aus paddy (summer crop) from 1,372 hectares, 44,560 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 14,225 hectares, 53 tonnes of wheat from 24 hectares, 14,027 tonnes of Jute from 983 hectares and 38 tonnes of potatoes from 2 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[14]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Pingla CD Block had offices of 6 commercial banks and 2 gramin banks.[14]

Transport[edit]

Pingla CD Block has 24 originating/ terminating bus routes. The nearest railway station is 11 km from the CD Block headquarters.[14]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Pingla CD Block had 145 primary schools with 11,830 students, 6 middle schools with 400 students, 11 high schools with 6,371 students and 18 higher secondary schools with 18,935 students. Pingla CD Block had 1 general college with 1,005 students, 1 technical / professional institutions with 100 students and 321 institutions for special and non-formal education with 12,373 students.[14]

The United Nations Development Programme considers the combined primary and secondary enrolment ratio as the simple indicator of educational achievement of the children in the school going age. The infrastructure available is important. In Pingla CD Block out of the total 145 primary schools in 2008-2009, 22 had pucca buildings, 64 partially pucca, 16 kucha and 43 multiple type.[18]

Pingla Thana Mahavidyalaya is a co-educational college established in 1965 at Maligram. Affiliated to Vidyasagar University, it offers honours courses in Bengali, English, Sanskrit, history, philosophy, political science, geography, education, physics, chemistry, mathematics and botany.[19]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Pingla CD had 1 rural hospital, 3 primary health centres and 1 private nursing home with total 57 beds and 10 doctors. It had 29 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 3,554 patients were treated indoor and 100,276 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). pages 4-5 (About Paschim Medinipur), page 26 (Predominant Soil), pages 265- 268 (Identification of Flood prone areas, Names of drought prone blocks). Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "Pingla Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "District Map Paschim Medinipur". Maps. Paschim Medinipur district administration. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Map of Paschim Medinipur with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  6. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Paschim Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  8. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, (erstwhile) Medinipur District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  10. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  12. ^ Template:Chutes our Patna,pingla,pachim Manipur,pin,721140
  13. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page 177. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  15. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  16. ^ "District Human Development Report, Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Table 2.4, Page 28. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Chapter V: Economic Livelihoods, pages 129-131. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page: 60. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  19. ^ "Pingla Thana Mahavidyalaya". PTM. Retrieved 5 January 2017.