Pingree Park, Colorado
|Location||Pingree Park, Colorado, United States|
Pingree Park, Colorado is the mountain campus for Fort Collins, Colorado-based Colorado State University. Pingree Park is situated in the mountains of the Mummy Range at 9,053 ft (2,759 m) It is located northwest of the city of Fort Collins, 25 miles (40 km) up Highway 14 in the Poudre Canyon and then another 16 miles (26 km) on the dirt Pingree Park access road in Larimer County. During the summer it is home to a variety of conferences from around the country ranging from CSU students enrolled in Natural Resource and Forestry classes to corporate groups using its ropes course and finally Elderhostel groups organized through the Pingree office.
Challenge Ropes Course
A popular program at Pingree Park is the Challenge Ropes Course operated on the campus. Many groups use the facilities including students from both Colorado State University and Poudre School District. Additionally many recreational and corporate groups include a stop at the Ropes Course for use in team building exercises. The course consists of several low and high elements built in 1989 with a large climbing wall and adjoining "Giant Swing" built in 2005. In the Hourglass Fire of 1994 the course was damaged severely but was rebuilt in the following years.
Academics at Pingree Park Since 1915 the Pingree Park campus has hosted summer sessions for students with programs in the mountains. Students stay in four person cabins on the campus grounds with heat provided by a wood burning stove. NR-220 is a required four-week field camp for undergraduate students in the College of Natural Resources. The Forestry program, F-230, is a one-week program for Forestry majors, required in addition to the NR-220 program.
Road Scholar Programs
Throughout the summer various Road Scholar groups make their way up to Pingree Park. Pingree trips began in 1983 and now include Intergenerational, Watercolor, Musical programs and intensive Hiking trips.
6 Bedroom conference cabins constructed in 1995 after the old structures burnt in the 1994 fire. They can house various private organizations that go to Pingree Park for retreats, workshops and meetings.
The Five Summits
Five mountains among the mummy range hold particular attention to the students and staff of Pingree Park. It is often a goal to hike all of the summits in one season and there is even a trip that tackles them all in 24 hours. These summits are:
Signal Mountain - 11,262 ft (3,433 m)
Stormy Peaks - 12,148 ft (3,703 m)
Fall Mountain - 12,258 ft (3,736 m)
Comanche Peak - 12,702 ft (3,872 m)
Hagues Peak - 13,560 ft (4,130 m)
The area that is Pingree Park has been home to many different communities over its history before becoming the campus that it is today.
The original inhabitants of Pingree Park, as determined through early interaction and artifacts recovered were Native Americans of the Arapaho, Mountain Ute and Cherokee tribes. White settlers began to arrive in the 1830s as fur trappers, interested primarily in beaver pelts. In the 1850s prospectors came through the region in search of gold.
George W. Pingree
In 1867 George W. Pingree traveled up the South Fork of the Poudre River and into the park looking for trees to make suitable railroad ties for the Union Pacific Railroad. In 1868, George Pingree established a logging camp in the valley that now bears his name. 30 to 40 "Tie-hacks" were paid 10¢ per railroad tie and hunters were employed to provide food. The "Tie-hacks" had to walk 25 miles (40 km) in and out of the valley to the nearest wagon track. The lumberjacks could hew up to 50 ties a day. In the springs of 1869 and 1870 the ties were taken out and hauled by wagon to Tie Siding, Wyoming. Pingree moved to Wyoming in 1870 when the camp closed because the railroad no longer needed railroad ties, having moved past the Nebraska and Wyoming section the camp had serviced.
In 1890, a forest fire engulfed most of the area around the park destroying the Ponderosa pine forest and resulting in the proliferation of Lodgepole pine and Aspen (the current dominant species in the park). Remnants of the original forest can be found along the ridge south of the Pingree Valley.
Ramsey and Koenig era
In 1897, two brothers, Hugh and Charles Ramsey, homesteaded the present southern portion of the campus. The homesteads were officially deeded in 1903. The Ramsey’s made a living ranching and operating a sawmill. In 1912, Hugh Ramsey hired Frank Koenig. Koenig spent the winter with the Ramsey family and helped build a road over Pennock Pass. In 1913, Ramsey, Koenig, and a helper Tom Bennett built a road to Twin Lakes. Frank Koenig and Hazel Ramsey were married that year. Hugh Ramsey moved to the upper ranch and sold to Frank Koenig most of the property except for 40 acres (160,000 m2) which he gave to Hazel as a wedding present.
Terrible hardships struck the residents of Pingree Park in the early years. In 1907 diphtheria struck killing one son and two infant daughters. In 1919, Frank and Hazel Koenig’s twin infants died of whooping cough while the family was snow bound. The children were buried in a plot next to their cousins. The original homestead cabin was burned to the ground and the present structure was built. In addition to the many structures that still stand of the original ranch community, the Koenig's retain their legacy in the region through many geographical names. In 1915, Rocky Mountain National Park was created through an act of Congress. Frank Koenig was selected as one of the initial three park rangers and went on to name many of the surrounding geographic features. (Emmaline Lake after his mother, Hazeline Lake after his wife, and Ramsey Peak after his father-in-law).
Integration into Colorado State University
As early as 1910, Pingree park was the interest of the fledgling university. Through the work of Professor B.O. Longyear, a special act of Congress allowed Colorado Agricultural College (now Colorado State University) the right to select tracts of federal land for biologic research and practical study. In 1912, Colorado Agricultural College President, Charles A. Lory; Colorado National Forest Supervisor, H.N. Wheeler; State Forester and Professor, B.O. Longyear; President Edwards of the State Board of Agriculture; and Colorado Governor, E.M. Ammons, selected 1,600 acres (6.5 km2) of land, including the present campus land in Pingree Park. The group traveled by Stanley Steamer and then by horse through Pennock Pass. While selecting the land, they stayed at Hazel and Frank Koenig’s cabin.
A functional campus was erected quickly with the first building completed in 1913 to serve as bunkhouse, cafeteria and classroom. During construction, Hazel Koenig cooked for construction workers at the site. In 1915 the first Civil Engineering class was held and then in 1917 the first Forestry field camp was held under Professor Longyear with one student in attendance.
The campus expanded slowly with a bunkhouse built in 1927 (now the present day Store and Recreation Area) and smaller buildings being constructed for faculty and daily operation. The first automobile to make it to Pingree Park was a Stanley Steamer in 1919. Telephone lines were installed to the campus in 1928 and electrical lines installed in 1964. Forestry and Natural Resource students have been in attendance every summer with the exception of several years during World War II. In 1976 a conference center was completed that attracts 6,000 visitors per season. In 1972 the university purchased the remaining 163 acres (0.66 km2) of land in the valley from Frank and Hazel Koenig. Hazel Koenig died in Loveland, Colorado in 1975, followed by her husband Frank in 1980. In 1997, the Colorado Historical Society named 80 acres (320,000 m2) of the Ramsey/Koenig Ranch as a State Historic District. Grants from the society helped to restore the ranch’s log barn in 1998 and the homestead in 1999.
Hourglass Fire of 1994
The Hourglass fire started on July 1, 1994 near the Hourglass Reservoir which gave the fire its name. It started with a lighting strike which caused a crown fire. It burned down the South Dorm and it almost burned down the Old Schoolhouse. The fire burned a half dozen buildings and now serves as a case-study for forestry students as the forest regrows.