Pingtung County

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Pingtung County

屏東縣

Ping tung County
Pingtung County Montage.png
Flag of Pingtung County
Flag
Official seal of Pingtung County
Seal
Pingtung County in Taiwan
Pingtung County in Taiwan
Coordinates: 22°40′31.78″N 120°29′29.09″E / 22.6754944°N 120.4914139°E / 22.6754944; 120.4914139Coordinates: 22°40′31.78″N 120°29′29.09″E / 22.6754944°N 120.4914139°E / 22.6754944; 120.4914139
CountryTaiwan
RegionSouthern Taiwan
SeatPingtung City
Largest cityPingtung City
Boroughs1 cities, 32 (3 urban, 29 rural) townships
Government
 • County MagistratePan Men-an (DPP)
Area
 • Total2,775.6003 km2 (1,071.6653 sq mi)
Area rank5 of 22
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total839,001
 • Rank10 of 22
 • Density300/km2 (780/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (National Standard Time)
ISO 3166 codeTW-PIF
Websitewww.pthg.gov.tw
Symbols
FlowerHairy Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea brasiliensis)
TreeCoconut tree
Pingtung County
Traditional Chinese屏東

Pingtung County (Mandarin pinyin: Píngdōng Xiàn, Wade-Giles: Pʻing²-tung¹ Hsien⁴; Hokkien POJ: Pîn-tong-koān; Hakka PFS: Phìn-tûng-yan; Paiwan: Akaw/Qakaw) is a county in southern Taiwan known for its agriculture and tourism. In recent years, it promotes specialties such as tuna and wax apples. Pingtung is where Kenting National Park, the oldest and the largest national park in Taiwan established in 1984, is located. The county seat is Pingtung City.

Name[edit]

The name Pingtung refers to a former nearby mountain known as Half-Screen Mountain[citation needed] (Chinese: 半屏山; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Pòaⁿ-pêng-soaⁿ). Pingtung means "East of Half-Screen Mountain[citation needed]."

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

Aboriginal inhabitants of Liuqiu Island killed Dutch sailors on two occasions. In response to that, in the spring of 1636, Dutch sailors carried out a punitive campaign that became known as the  Lamey Island Massacre.

Modern-day Pingtung County and Kaohsiung City were part of Banlian-chiu (萬年州; Bān-liân-chiu) during the Kingdom of Tungning (1661–1683) and Fongshan Prefecture (鳳山縣; Hōng-soaⁿ-koān) during Qing dynasty rule (1683–1895). Pingtung County is a recently developed county. Its largest city is Pingtung City.

Until the seventeenth century, this area of Taiwan was a place of exile for Chinese criminals and the occasional landing point for international mariners. Only the settlements near present-day Checheng Township existed. In 1664, the Hakka settlers arrived from mainland China and farmed under a homesteading system introduced by Zheng Jing.

Pingtung City, the biggest city in Pingtung County, also known as "A-Kau" (阿猴; A-kâu), was the home of Taiwanese Plains Aborigines. In their language, "A-kau" means "the forest."

The creation of villages near Pingtung by people from China's southern Fujian region in 1684 marked the first settlements by Han Chinese people. By 1734 most of the Pingtung Plain was cultivated, and in 1764 Pingtung was expanded. In 1836, the government and locals worked together to build the four walls of the city (the North Gate, the East Gate, the West Gate, and the South gate), and the roads were also adequately finished.

In March 1867, 14 American sailors were killed near Kenting by local aborigines in the Rover Incident, which lead to the American Formosa Expedition three months later. In 1871, local aborigines killed 54 sailors from Ryukyu in the Mudan Incident. The Japanese carried out a punitive campaign against the local aborigines in the Japanese invasion of Taiwan (1874).

Japanese rule[edit]

Under Japanese rule (1895–1945), Hōzan Subprefecture (Japanese: 鳳山支廳) was initially under Tainan Ken (臺南縣), but political divisions frequently changed between 1895 and 1901. In 1901, Akō Chō (阿猴廳) established. In 1909, the name changed to Akō Chō (阿緱廳). In 1920, the name was changed to Heitō City (屏東市) and was under Takao Prefecture administration, which consisted of modern-day Pingtung County and Kaohsiung.

Post-war[edit]

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945, the area of present-day Pingtung County was incorporated into Kaohsiung County on 25 December 1945. On 16 August 1950, Pingtung County was established after being separated from Kaohsiung County. On 1 December 1951, Pingtung City was downgraded from provincial city to county-controlled city and county seat of Pingtung County.

Pingtung was the site of a 7.1 magnitude earthquake on 26 December 2006. In 2009, Pingtung received rainfall over 2,500 millimetres (98 in) breaking all rainfall records of any single place in Taiwan induced by a single typhoon.

Geography[edit]

With a land area of over 2,775 km2 (1,071 sq mi), Pingtung is the fifth largest county in Taiwan, the second largest of Southern Taiwan after Kaohsiung City. Geographically it borders Kaohsiung City to the north, Taitung County to the east, the Taiwan Strait to the west and the Bashi Channel to the south. Islands administered by the county include Hsiao Liuchiu (Lamay Islet; 琉球嶼) and Qixingyan (Seven Star Reefs; 七星岩).

Climate[edit]

Due to being located in the southernmost part of Taiwan, Pingtung County is well known for having one of the warmest climates within the country. The county has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification: Am), bordering on a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen climate classification: Aw). Due to being such a large county with various geographical differences, the climate differs in different areas of the county.

Northern Pingtung, where Pingtung City is, is characterized by high daytime temperature year-round. On average, daytime temperature ranges from 30º to 34º C from April to November, and from 25º to 28º C from December to March. The lowest nighttime temperatures are around 16º C, due to being located further away from the sea than any other flatland settlements within the county.

Central Pingtung, such as the Fangliao Township, compared to northern Pingtung, has a relatively lower daytime temperature but has warmer nights due to the effect of the ocean, especially noticeable during winter.

The mildest climate is in the southern tip of Pingtung, the Hengchun Peninsula because it's nearly surrounded by the Pacific Ocean, except for the mountains on the north. Daily highs during the warmer season reach around 29º to 32º, while daily highs during the colder season vary around 23º to 26º C. On the other hand, night time temperatures remain warm throughout the year. It ranges from around 25º C during summer to around 19º C during the winter.

Government[edit]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Pingtung County Administrative Divisions

Pingtung County divides into 1 city, 3 urban townships, 21 rural townships, and 8 indigenous mountain townships. Pingtung County has the most number of rural townships and mountain indigenous townships among other counties in Taiwan.

Type Name Chinese Taiwanese Hakka Formosan
City Pingtung City 屏東 Pîn-tong Phìn-tûng
Urban
townships
Chaozhou 潮州 Tiô-chiu Tshèu-chû
Donggang 東港 Tang-káng Tûng-kóng
Hengchun 恆春 Hêng-chhun Hèn-tshûn
Rural
townships
Changzhi 長治 Tióng-tī Tshòng-tshṳ
Checheng 車城 Chhia-siâⁿ Tshâ-sàng
Fangliao 枋寮 Pang-liâu Piông-liàu
Fangshan 枋山 Pang-soaⁿ Piông-sân
Gaoshu 高樹 Ko-chhiū Kô-su
Jiadong 佳冬 Ka-tang Kâ-tûng
Jiuru 九如 Kíu-jû Kiú-yì
Kanding 崁頂 Khàm-téng Kham-táng
Ligang 里港 Lí-káng Lî-kóng
Linbian 林邊 Nâ-piⁿ Lìm-piên
Linluo 麟洛 Lîn-lo̍k Lìm-lo̍k
Liuqiu 琉球 Liû-khiû Liù-khiù Lamay Island
Manzhou 滿州 Bóan-chiu Mân-chû ManutsuruPaiwan
Nanzhou 南州 Lâm-chiu Nàm-chû
Neipu 內埔 Lāi-po͘ Lui-phû
Wandan 萬丹 Bān-tan Van-tân
Wanluan 萬巒 Bān-loân Van-lòng
Xinpi 新埤 Sin-pi Sîn-phî
Xinyuan 新園 Sin-hn̂g Sîn-yèn
Yanpu 鹽埔 Iâm-po͘ Yâm-phû
Zhutian 竹田 Tek-chhân Tsuk-thièn
Mountain
indigenous
townships
Chunri 春日 Chhun-ji̍t Tshûn-ngit KasugaguPaiwan
Laiyi 來義 Lâi-gī Lòi-ngi RaiPaiwan
Majia 瑪家 Má-ka Mâ-kâ MakazayazayaPaiwan
Mudan 牡丹 Bó͘-tan Méu-tân SinvaudjanPaiwan
Sandimen 三地門 Soaⁿ-tē-mn̂g Sâm-thi-mùn TimurPaiwan
Shizi 獅子 Sai-chú Sṳ̂-é SisiguPaiwan
Taiwu 泰武 Thài-bú Thai-vú KlaljucPaiwan
Wutai 霧臺 Bū-tâi Vu-thòi VedaiRukai

Colors indicate the statutory language status of Hakka and Formosan languages in the respective subdivisions.

Pan Men-an, the incumbent Magistrate of Pingtung County

Politics[edit]

Pingtung City is the county seat of Pingtung County which houses the Pingtung County Government and Pingtung County Council. The county head is Magistrate Pan Men-an of the Democratic Progressive Party. Pingtung County elected three Democratic Progressive Party legislators to the Legislative Yuan during the 2016 legislative election.[4][5][6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1985 901,981—    
1990 893,282−1.0%
1995 911,843+2.1%
2000 907,590−0.5%
2005 893,544−1.5%
2010 873,509−2.2%
2015 841,253[7]−3.7%
2016 835,792−0.6%
Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan". Ministry of the Interior Population Census.

Pingtung is home to the indigenous Rukai and Paiwan tribes, which makes up 7% of the population.[8] As of December 2016, the total population of Pingtung County is 835,792. The county has been experiencing population decline for 15 consecutive years due to emigration to other cities.[9]

Religion[edit]

As of 2015, Pingtung County has the third highest number of registered temples at 1,101 after Tainan and Kaohsiung.

Economy[edit]

The agriculture and fishing industry dominates the Pingtung County economy. However, the Pingtung County Government has dramatically promoted the tourism sector of the county in recent years. Currently, the tourism sector in the county contributes to 30% of the tourism industry in Taiwan.[10]

In February 2014, the county government announced a plan to develop an industrial center that consists of a service center, workshop, and performance venue. The aim is to promote the development of industries that leverage the unique cultural attributes of the Linali tribe.[11] On 22 September 2015, the National Development Council revealed a three-year large-scale development plan to boost the economy of the county by transforming Dapeng Bay, Donggang Township, and Lamay Island into a fishery, recreational, and tourism hub.[12]

Education[edit]

Universities and colleges[edit]

High schools[edit]

Energy[edit]

Pingtung County houses Taiwan's third nuclear power plant, the Maanshan Nuclear Power Plant. The power plant is located in Hengchun Township. It is Taiwan's second-largest nuclear power plant in terms of its capacity at 2 X 890 MW.

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

The Pingtung Line and South-Link Line of the Taiwan Railways Administration lines cross Pingtung County, consist of Central Signal, Chaozhou, Donghai, Fangliao, Fangshan, Fangye Signal, Guilai, Jiadong, Jialu, Kanding, Linbian, Linluo, Liukuaicuo, Nanzhou, Neishi, Pingtung, Xishi, Zhen'an and Zhutian Station. The Pingtung Line links Pingtung County with Kaohsiung City, while the South-Link Line links Pingtung County with Taitung County.

Ferries[edit]

Ferry service operates between Donggang Township and Baisha Port and Dafu Port on the offshore Lamay Island.

Tourist attractions[edit]

Aquarium at the Museum of Marine Biology

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 105年05月屏東縣人口統計表. www.pthg.gov.tw (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 8 November 2018. Retrieved 6 June 2016.
  2. ^ "Climate". Central Weather Bureau. Archived from the original on 12 June 2017. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
  3. ^ "Climate". Central Weather Bureau.
  4. ^ "2016 The 14th Presidential and Vice Presidential Election and The 9th Legislator Election". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  5. ^ "2016 The 14th Presidential and Vice Presidential Election and The 9th Legislator Election". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  6. ^ "2016 The 14th Presidential and Vice Presidential Election and The 9th Legislator Election". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  7. ^ "Pingtung population falls for 14th consecutive year". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 24 February 2016.
  8. ^ "PINGTUNG County Government". Archived from the original on 3 February 2016. Retrieved 6 January 2016.
  9. ^ Hou, Cheng-hsu; Chang, Tsun-wei; Chung, Jack (11 January 2017). "Pingtung population falls for 15th consecutive year". Taipei Times. Archived from the original on 11 January 2017. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 August 2016. Retrieved 20 July 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 February 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 September 2016. Retrieved 20 July 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ Located just a few minutes'walk from Fangliao train station, the art village stretches around 3,000 square meters which provides artists in residence plenty of room to work and live. Converted from old dormitories that once belonged to the Taiwan Railway Administration, the art village has been part of the Art Network of Railway Warehouses run by the Council for Cultural Affairs since 2002.
  14. ^ "Art at the Crossroads: F3's Undetermined Future in Fangliao", by Eva Tang, 12 February 2009, Taiwan Culture Portal http://www.culture.tw/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1114&Itemid=157 Archived 30 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]