|Created by||Otmar Gutmann|
|Written by||Silvio Mazzola|
|Composers||Antonio Conde (1990-1994)|
Andy Benedict (1995-2000)
Amin Bhatia (1995-2000)
Keith Hopwood (2003-2006)
|Country of origin|
|No. of series||6|
|No. of episodes||156 (including 1 special) (list of episodes)|
|Original network||Seasons 1-4|
SF DRS (Switzerland)
|Audio format||Dolby Stereo (1990)
Dolby Surround (1991-2000)Dolby Digital (2003–2006)
|Original release||28 May 1986 (pilot)|
7 March 1990 –
3 March 2006
Pingu is a Swiss-British stop-motion clay animated children's comedy television series created by Otmar Gutmann and produced from 1990 to 2000 for Swiss television by Pingu BV (formerly Trickfilmstudio and Pingu Filmstudio) for SF DRS and ZDF, and from 2003 to 2006 for British television by HIT Entertainment and Hot Animation. It focuses on a family of anthropomorphic emperor penguins who live at the South Pole; the main character is the family's son and title character, Pingu.
The series originally ran for four series (each series is made up of multiple seasons) from 7 March 1990 to 9 April 2000 on SF DRS. It was then renewed for two more series from 1 August 2003 to 3 March 2006 on Cbeebies. Pingu was also nominated for a BAFTA award. The Pingu pilot episode was made on 28 May 1986.
Pingu was very popular, due to its lack of a real spoken language: nearly all dialogue is in an invented grammelot "penguin language" referred to as 'Penguinese', consisting of babbling, muttering, and the titular character's characteristic sporadic loud honking noise, which can be popularly recognized as "Noot noot!" or other variants, stated to be "Noo, Noo!" by the defunct Pingu website's trivia page, accompanied by turning his beak into a megaphone-like shape. Within the first 4 series, all the characters were performed by Italian voice actor Carlo Bonomi, using a language of noises that he had already developed and used for the earlier Osvaldo Cavandoli's La Linea. In series 5 and 6, the Pingu cast was jointly voiced by David Sant and Marcello Magni.
A Japanese revival of the series, titled Pingu in the City, began airing on NHK-E on 7 October 2017 to 30 March 2019. Pingu in the City later aired in the United Kingdom on ITVBe's kids block known as LittleBe.
|First aired||Last aired|
|1||26||7 March 1990||27 October 1990|
|2||26||3 November 1991||20 December 1994|
|3||26||17 June 1995||5 September 1996|
|4||26||5 January 1998||9 April 2000|
|5||26||1 August 2003||6 February 2004|
|6||26||3 January 2005||3 March 2006|
The programme is set in Antarctica and focuses around penguin families living and working in igloos. The main character, Pingu, belongs to one such family. He frequently goes on adventures with his little sister, Pinga, and often gets into mischief with his best friend, Robby the Seal and his love interest Pingi.
Some of the characters appearing in Pingu are given below.
- Pingu is the main character of the show, a typically playful, sometimes naughty, curious little penguin. His name comes from the German word for penguin, Pinguin. He is stubborn and mostly well-behaved but prone to making mischief and throwing occasional tantrums.
- Pinga is Pingu's little sister. She resembles an emperor penguin chick, as do other infant/toddler penguins throughout the show. Like all toddlers, she is happy and playful but very sensitive and clever, and is often a target for Pingu's pranks.
- Mother and Father are Pingu and Pinga's parents; their actual names are not revealed. Father is a postman who uses a non-smoking pipe in the early episodes, but quits later. He is a short-tempered but loving penguin and has a motorised sledge (snowmobile) to deliver the mail, sometimes with help from Pingu. Mother is a caring, loving and hard-working housewife who spends most of her time cooking and cleaning. Mother sometimes gets help from Pingu and Pinga, and she always gives them a cuddle when they have learned a lesson.
- Grandfather is Pingu and Pinga's paternal grandfather, who first appeared in the episode "Music Lessons". He is an expert accordionist, as he demonstrates to Pingu in that episode, and is also a former professional weight lifter.
- Grandpa is Pingu and Pinga's maternal grandfather who appeared in "Grandpa is Ill" and "Pingu Cannot Lose", in the latter of which he is shown to be good at bowling.
- Aunts are Mother's sisters and Pingu and Pinga's three maternal aunts. In "Pingu Goes Away", Pingu goes to stay with one of his aunts. In "Pingu the Babysitter", he cares for another aunt's twin chicks whilst she and Mother go out, then in "Pingu Makes a Mistake", he cares for his other aunt's egg that is due to hatch.
- The Twins are Pingu and Pinga's cousins who appear in "Pingu the Babysitter" where they are cared for by Pingu when their mother (Pingu's aunt) goes out with his Mother.
- Robby is a seal. His name resembles the German word for seal, Robbe. First appearing in the episode "Pingu Goes Fishing", he is friendly and playful, yet cheeky in a lot of ways. He is bluish-grey in the first four seasons, but coloured light grey in the last two.
- Pingo is a somewhat foolhardy penguin. He has a long beak that is essentially flat at the bottom but slightly rounded on the top and a head that is wider and taller. He often persuades Pingu to do wild and silly things with him.
- Pingg is Pingu's other penguin friend. He also has a long beak, but a shorter head than Pingo.
- Pongi is a penguin who wears glasses and has a short round beak. He first appeared in the episode "Ice Hockey".
- Pengy is a penguin very similar to Adélie penguins, and first appears in "Pingu and the School Excursion". In the episode "School Time", Pingu resembles Pengy.
- Pingj is a green penguin who appears in Pingu at the Wedding Party; he speaks with an accent that seems to be typical of his race.
- Punki is a penguin who first appeared in the episode "Pingu Delivers The Mail". He has a tuft on his head and wears striped trousers. Punki only appears in a lot of episodes.
- Bajoo is Pingu's other non-penguin friend. HIT Entertainment reveals him as a "strange newcomer" to the Antarctic in the appearance of an abominable snowman. He was introduced in 2005, and appeared in the last episode, "Pingu & the Abominable Snowman". He also appeared in the 7–11 music video and "The Pingu Show".
- Pingi is Pingu's love interest and Pinga's best friend. She has thick, white eyelashes and a somewhat mushed beak. She first appeared in the episode "Pingu's Admirer".
- The Schoolmaster (Mr. Peng-Chips) is Pingu's teacher. He lives in a nearby school and rings the bell when it is time for school to begin or end. He first appeared in the episode "School Time".
- The Doctor is the neighbourhood's doctor. He lives in a nearby igloo clinic and frequently treats Pingu's injuries, as well as aid in the birth of Pinga.
- Mr. Peng-Hoven is a poor penguin. He lives in a tattered igloo and gladly accepts Pingu's gifts. He first appeared in "Pingu and the Barrel Organ".
- The Giant Walrus is a mysterious German character who appeared in the episode "Pingu's Dream". As Pingu sleeps, he dreams his bed comes to life and takes him on a ride, unaware that the non-tusked walrus is stalking him. He eventually shows up and confronts him before trapping him in an igloo. He lets him out and uses him as a stretch toy while laughing maniacally. The walrus then eats Pingu's mattress, allowing Pingu to escape. Pingu then falls down a slope and wakes up in the real world, where his mother consoles him after his nightmare.
This article may need to be rewritten to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards. (December 2017)
The original production from 1988–2000 and 2003–2006 created 156 five-minute episodes and one special 25-minute episode. The episodes were written by Silvio Mazzola and were directed and animated by Otmar Gutmann using clay animation, at Trickfilmstudio in Russikon, Switzerland. In the style of voices a retroscript was chosen, and all voices were performed by Italian voice actor Carlo Bonomi without a script, using a language of noises that he had already developed and used for Osvaldo Cavandoli's La Linea. This feature enables people of diverse linguistic backgrounds to be able to follow the story.
In 1993, David Hasselhoff released a single titled "Pingu Dance", a rap song (in Switzerland only) based on the Pingu shorts and featuring samples of Penguinese. A portion of this song is used as the theme to Pingu in international airings, and was also heard in the re-dubbed version of the "Pingu Looks After the Egg (retitled Pingu Helps with Incubating)" episode, replacing the "Woodpeckers from Space" song from the original version.
In October 2001, HIT Entertainment bought the rights to the series, including the original 104 episodes and the wedding special, for £15.9 million. HIT later revived the show, and produced a further 52 episodes created at Hot Animation Studios in 2003 through 2006. These episodes were animated through stop-motion like the original, but used resin casts of the original clay puppets (which had deteriorated by this time). CBeebies airs only the original version of Pingu with the original cartoon title card (series 1 and 2) from the 52 episodes, and shows the first 13 episodes of series 3 with the claymation-inspired intro. JimJam contains all of the show's 156 episodes and Pingu at the Wedding Party, but it contains the re-dubbed versions of series 1–2 and contains the original version of Pingu at the Wedding Party, without the titles and credits.
Contrary to some sources, there was never any CGI used in these later episodes. When HIT Entertainment bought the rights, Carlo Bonomi was replaced with new voice actors Marcello Magni and David Sant. Magni and Sant, Italian and Spanish actors based in London, both have a mime and clowning background and were already aware of the clown language of "Grammelot" on which the penguin language was based.
In 2006, after the last episode aired, Pingu finally ended its 16-year run on TV.
The very first time Pingu was ever mentioned in the US was on a documentary called Pingu - A Cartoon Character who conquers the world where a detective tries to figure out why Pingu is so popular, at the time Pingu was shown at the Paley Center. Then the series began airing in the United States on a morning omnibus program titled Small World, as part of Cartoon Network's Sunday morning lineup. The program featured various animated shorts produced internationally, and ran from 1996 until the show's discontinuation in 2001. The series did not air in the US from 2002 until 2005, when reruns of the series returned to the country on PBS Kids Sprout, but was removed sometime in 2010. As of 2018, the first five seasons of Pingu are available on Amazon Prime Instant Video.
In 2006, Pingu was featured in a music video for Eskimo Disco's first single, "7–11". The music video was also released via CD, on 18 December 2006.
In India, Pingu was aired by Doordarshan in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Since 2000, it is aired by Hungama TV and Animax.
In Kenya, Pingu was screened on KBC.
In Nigeria, Pingu was being shown on NTA.
In Australia, episodes of Pingu originally aired as a segment on the children's programme, The Book Place on the Seven Network from 1991 to 1996 and later aired on ABC Television as a stand-alone programme in 1998.
Pingu was broadcast in the U.A.E. on their English-speaking television network Dubai 33.
Pingu was also aired in Malaysia on TV3, as a part of the morning television program.
In Canada, Pingu airs on TVOKids, CBC Kids, Knowledge Network, Toon-A-Vision and YTV. Pingu has been a mainstay of the children's programming blocks on TVOntario since the mid-1990s. It can still be seen on TV in that country since APTN airs "The Pingu Show" as part of its morning children's programming block "APTN Kids", and the show is available in English and French language versions. Some of the controversial episodes, such as "Pingu Quarrels With His Mother" (also known as "Pingu Argues With His Mother") and "Little Accidents" (also known as "Pingu's Lavatory Story"), have aired uncut on APTN Kids. In British Columbia, Pingu is aired during commercial breaks on Knowledge Network.
In the United Kingdom, Pingu was featured in the Children In Need 2009 video by Peter Kay, which contained many other popular characters. This was shown on live television across the United Kingdom, and then sold on both CD and DVD.
A game, released in Japan, made for the Nintendo DS, Pingu no Waku Waku Carnival ("Pingu's Wonderful Carnival") was made by Square Enix and released in November 2008. This game is a series of mini games starring Pingu and his friends, including one in which Pingu's mother and father bake a heart-shaped cake, with the gameplay style resemblant to that of Cooking Mama. Another game for the Nintendo DS is Fun Fun Pingu. Little is known about the storyboard, though.
Other video games based on the series are Pingu's 'Barrel of Fun! for the PC in 1997 and Pingu and Friends in 1999, (both of which were released exclusively in the UK by BBC Multimedia) Pingu: Sekai de Ichiban Genki na Penguin for the Game Boy in Japan in 1993, and Fun Fun Pingu for the PlayStation also in Japan in 1999.
In Japan, Pingu currently airs as part of NHK's children's program Nyanchu's World, and also on Cartoon Network Japan. Toys in the likeness of Pingu characters also featured in Japanese KFC restaurants as part of their Kids' Meal.
In September 2017, a reboot of the series, titled Pingu in the City (Japanese: ピングー in ザ・シティ, Hepburn: Pingū in za Shiti) was announced, and began airing on NHK-E in Japan on 7 October 2017. Unlike its previous series, it is computer-animated, and features Pingu and his family moving to a big city. Each episode involves Pingu attempting to help out anyone there with their jobs, although he usually messes it up. The series was produced by Polygon Pictures in the same style of the original stop-motion series through computer animation. It was directed by Naomi Iwata and written by both Kimiko Ueno and Shigenori Tanabe, with music done by Ken Arai. It features voices by Ryota Iwasaki and Fumiya Tanaka, in a similar style to David Sant and Marcello Magni.
DVD and VHS releases
Pingu received mostly positive reviews, Common Sense Media rated the show a 4 out of 5 stars stating "Parents need to know that this claymation series is funny, endearing, and entertaining. Although the series is appropriate for all ages, the plots might be difficult for the youngest viewers to follow".
- Stevens, Dana (1 February 2008). "The March of the Pingu". Retrieved 22 May 2017 – via Slate.
- "Pingu Fact #5 (viewable in webpage source code)". Archived from the original on 2 February 2007.
- Dickson, Andrew; Beaumont-Thomas, Ben (11 January 2016). "How we made Pingu". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
- "Frequently Asked Questions about Pingu". Archived from the original on 10 March 2008. Retrieved 21 July 2007.
- Music- & Soundfiles / Musik- & Sounddateien. david-hasselhoff.com
- "Pingu Family at the Wedding Party". ABC Television.
- "Pingu sold for £16m". Business. BBC News. 29 October 2001. Retrieved 21 July 2007.
- HIT Entertainment PLC (14 October 2002). "HIT Entertainment PLC Announces Record Year End 2002 Results". prnewswire.com.
- "What's on Nickelodeon UK". nickelodeon.co.uk. Archived from the original on 4 February 1998.
- Sandro Mazzola (24 February 2017), Pingu - a cartoon character conquers the world, archived from the original on 17 November 2021, retrieved 4 February 2018
- "Amazon.com: Watch Pingu | Prime Video". www.amazon.com. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
- "Eskimo Disco". 9 December 2006. Archived from the original on 9 December 2006. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
- Pure Dreams Pingu. square-enix.co.jp
- "ピングー：新作テレビアニメは初のオールCg ポリゴン・ピクチュアズ制作".
- "Polygon Pictures Makes New Anime for Swiss Character Pingu". Anime News Network. Retrieved 7 October 2017.
- "Pingu – TV Review". 19 May 2006. Retrieved 22 May 2017.