Pinguicula vulgaris

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Pinguicula vulgaris
Pinguicula vulgaris 140505.jpg
Scientific classification
P. vulgaris
Binomial name
Pinguicula vulgaris
Whole plant, Norway
Pinguicula vulgaris near Mývatn, northern Iceland

Pinguicula vulgaris, the common butterwort, is a perennial carnivorous plant in the bladderwort family, Lentibulariaceae. It grows to a height of 3–16 cm, and is topped with a purple, and occasionally white, flower that is 15 mm or longer, and shaped like a funnel. This butterwort grows in damp environments such as bogs and swamps, in low or subalpine elevations.[1] It has a generally circumboreal distribution, being native to almost every country in Europe as well as Russia, Canada, and the United States.[2] Being native to environments with cold winters, they produce a winter-resting bud (hibernaculum). There are three forms originating from Europe: P. vulgaris f. bicolor which has petals that are white and purple; P. vulgaris f. albida which has all white petals; and P. vulgaris f. alpicola which has larger flowers.[3] The taxonomic status of these forms is not universally recognised - see e.g. The Plant List.[4]


  1. ^ Plants of the Pacific Northwest. Lone Pine Publishing, 1994. p. 351
  2. ^ Anderberg, Arne. "Den Virtuella Floran, Pinguicula vulgaris L." Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, Stockholm, Sweden.
  3. ^ The Savage Garden, Revised: Cultivating Carnivorous Plants. Random House LLC, 2013.
  4. ^ "The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1.: Pinguicula vulgaris L." London, U.K.: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanic Garden. Retrieved 2 September 2016.

External links[edit]