Pinguicula vulgaris

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Pinguicula vulgaris
Pinguicula vulgaris 140505.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lentibulariaceae
Genus: Pinguicula
Species: P. vulgaris
Binomial name
Pinguicula vulgaris
Whole plant, Norway
Pinguicula vulgaris near Mývatn, northern Iceland

Pinguicula vulgaris, the common butterwort, is a perennial carnivorous plant in the bladderwort family Lentibulariaceae. It grows to a height of 3–16 cm, and is topped with a purple, and occasionally white, flower that is 15 mm or longer, and shaped like a funnel. This butterwort grows in damp environments such as bogs and swamps, in low or subalpine elevations.[1] It has a generally circumboreal distribution, being native to almost every country in Europe as well as Russia, Canada, and the United States.[2] Being native to environments with cold winters, they produce a winter-resting bud (hibernaculum). There are three forms originating from Europe: P. vulgaris f. bicolor which has petals that are white and purple; P. vulgaris f. albida which has all white petals; and P. vulgaris f. alpicola which has larger flowers.[3] The taxonomic status of these forms is not universally recognised - see e.g. The Plant List.[4]


  1. ^ Plants of the Pacific Northwest. Lone Pine Publishing, 1994. p. 351
  2. ^ Anderberg, Arne. "Den Virtuella Floran, Pinguicula vulgaris L". Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, Stockholm, Sweden. 
  3. ^ The Savage Garden, Revised: Cultivating Carnivorous Plants. Random House LLC, 2013.
  4. ^ "The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1.: Pinguicula vulgaris L". London, U.K.: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanic Garden. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 

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