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Parapercis hexophtalma 1.jpg
Speckled sandperch, Parapercis hexophtalma
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Suborder: Trachinoidei
Family: Pinguipedidae

See text for species.

The sandperches are a family, Pinguipedidae, of fishes in the order Perciformes. Sandperches typically live on sand or rubble substrates in shallow seas. The anterior end of the fish is cylindrical and the posterior end partially flattened. The eyes are on the top of the head and the fish lie on the seabed, propped up by their widely separated pelvic fins. Several members of the large genus Parapercis, perhaps all, are sequential hermaphrodites, starting their adult lives as females and later becoming males, often with significantly different colourings and markings.[1]


The 65 species in seven genera are:



  1. ^ Randall, John E. (1995). Coastal Fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press. p. 304. ISBN 978-0-8248-1808-1. 
  2. ^ Prokofiev, A. M. (2010). "Two New Species of Fishes from Families Muraenidae (Anguilliformes) and Mugiloididae (Perciformes) from the Waters of Vietnam". Journal of Ichthyology. 50 (8): 580–589. doi:10.1134/S0032945210080023. 
  3. ^ a b Johnson (2006). "Two new species of Parapercis (Perciformes: Pinguipedidae) from north-eastern Australia, and rediscovery of Parapercis colemani Randall & Francis, 1993" (PDF). Memoirs of Museum Victoria. 63 (1): 47–56. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 30, 2007. 
  4. ^ Liao, Y.-C., Cheng, T.-Y., & Shao, K.-T. (2011). "Parapercis lutevittata, a new cryptic species of Parapercis (Teleostei: Pinguipedidae), from the western Pacific based on morphological evidence and DNA barcoding." Zootaxa 2867: 32-42.
  5. ^ Ho; Shao (2010). "Parapercis randalli, a new sandperch (Pisces: Pinguipedidae) from Southern Taiwan" (PDF). Zootaxa. 2690: 59–67. 
  6. ^ Imamura & Yoshino (2007). "Ryukyupercis, a new genus of pinguipedid fish for the species Parapercis gushikeni (Teleostei: Perciformes) based on the phylogenetic relationships of the family". Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Suppl 14: 94ff. 
  7. ^ Johnson & Randall (2006). "Simipercis trispinosa, a new genus and species of sandperch (Perciformes:Pinguipedidae) from eastern Australia" (PDF). Memoirs of Museum Victoria. 63 (1): 57–64. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 30, 2007.