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Pine grosbeak17g.jpg
Adult male pine grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Passeri
Infraorder: Passerida
Superfamily: Passeroidea
Family: Fringillidae
Genus: Pinicola
Vieillot, 1808

Propyrrhula (but see text)

Pinicola is a possibly monotypic genus of "grosbeaks" of the true finch family, Fringillidae. It is closely related to the true bullfinches (Pyrrhula) and the Holarctic mountain finches (Leucosticte).

This genus contains two species:

The latter is sometimes separated as monotypic genus Propyrrhula, and by other authors allied with the rosefinches (Carpodacus and allies).

The original description of the genus-group name Pinicola is variously dated to 1805,[1][2] [1.12.]1807,[3][4] or 1808[5] as the year of publication. The original description was included in Vieillot’s (1807–1809) Histoire naturelle des oiseaux de l'Amérique septentrionale[6] in tome 1 on page iv (and on plate 1 figure 13 but without associated scientific name immediately on the plate for the illustrated bill). The two volumes of this very rare work were printed in 22 consecutive issues in the course of three years. According to Peterson (2002), 1808 might be the proper publication date of Pinicola. Pinicola Vieillot, 1808 (Aves, Fringillidae) makes the name Pinicola Brébisson, 1818 a junior homonym and therefore unavailable for a genus of Xyelidae (Insecta, Hymenoptera).[2][7]


  1. ^ Hellmayr, C.E. (1938) Catalogue of birds of the Americas and adjected islands in the Field Museum of Natural History. Part xi. Ploceidae, Catambylrhyncidae, Fringillidae. Field Museum of Natural History, Zoological Series, 13(11):1–662.
  2. ^ a b Blank, S.M., Taeger, A., Liston, A.D., Smith, D.R., Rasnitsyn, A.P., Shinohara, A., Heidemaa, M., Viitasaari, M. (2009) Studies toward a World Catalog of Symphyta (Hymenoptera). Zootaxa, Auckland 2254: 1-96
  3. ^ Browning, M.R. & Monroe, B.L. (1991) Clarifications and corrections of the dates of issue of some publications containing descriptions of North American birds. Archives of Natural History, 18(3):381–405. doi:10.3366/anh.1991.18.3.381
  4. ^ Banks, R.C. & Browning, M.R. (1995) Comments on the status of revived old names for some North American birds. The Auk, 112(3):633–648.
  5. ^ Zoological Citation Sources --H in: Peterson, A. P. (2002) Zoonomen Nomenclatural data."
  6. ^ Vieillot, L.P. (1807–1809) Histoire naturelle des oiseaux de l'Amérique septentrionale, contenant un grand nombre d'espèces décrites ou figurées pour la première fois. Chez Desray, Paris, tome 1: [7] + [i]–iv + [1]–90, tabs 1–57, tome 2: [4] + [i]–ii + [1]–74, tabs 58–124, doi:10.3931/e-rara-7221.
  7. ^ Blank, S.M., Shinohara, A. & Altenhofer, E. (2013) The Eurasian species of Xyela (Hymenoptera, Xyelidae): taxonomy, host plants and distribution. Zootaxa, 3629(1):1-106.