Pinidae

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Pinidae
Douglas fir leaves and bud.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Equisetopsida
Subclass: Pinidae
Cronquist, Takht. & Zimmerm. 1966
Orders and families

Pinidae is a subclass of Equisetopsida in the sense used by Mark W. Chase and James L. Reveal in their 2009 article "A phylogenetic classification of the land plants to accompany APG III."[1] This subclass comprises the conifers. The Pinidae subclass is equivalent to the division Pinophyta and class Pinopsida of previous treatments.

Phylogeny[edit]

The following diagram shows a likely phylogenic relationship between subclass Pinidae and the other Equisetopsida subclasses.[2]

Equisetopsida








 Marchantiidae 

















 Bryidae 















 Anthocerotidae 













 Lycopodiidae 











 Equisetidae 





 Ophioglossidae 





 Marattiidae 





 Polypodiidae 









 Cycadidae 



 Ginkgoidae 





 Gnetidae 



 Pinidae 







 Magnoliidae 










References[edit]

  1. ^ Mark W. Chase & James L. Reveal (2009). "A phylogenetic classification of the land plants to accompany APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161: 122–127. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.01002.x. 
  2. ^ Maarten J. M. Christenhusz; James L. Reveal; Aljos Farjon; Martin F. Gardner; Robert R. Mill; Mark W. Chase (2011). "A new classification and linear sequence of extant gymnosperms" (PDF). Phytotaxa. 19: 55–70.