Dianthus plumarius

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Dianthus plumarius
Dianthus-plumarius-plant.jpg
Dianthus plumarius, garden pink
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Genus: Dianthus
Species: D. plumarius
Binomial name
Dianthus plumarius
L.

Dianthus plumarius, also known as the common pink, garden pink, or wild pink, is the species of pink-coloured flower in the family, Caryophyllaceae.

Description[edit]

Dianthus plumarius is a compact ground cover evergreen reaching on average 30–60 centimetres (12–24 in) of height. The stem is green, erect, glabrous and branched on the top, the leaves are opposite, simple, linear and sessile, more or less erect and flexuous, with a sheath embracing the stem. They are about 3 millimetres (0.12 in) wide and about 10 centimetres (3.9 in) long. The calyx is a green cylindrical tube about 2 centimetres (0.79 in) long, with reddish teeth. The flowers are radially symmetric, hermaphrodite, gathered in scapes of 3–5 flowers, with 10 stamens. They have five pink petals, 10–15 millimetres (0.39–0.59 in) long, with fringed margins (hence the common name). The flowering period extends from May through August. The fruits are capsules with a few seeds.[1]

Distribution[edit]

Flower atlas print from 1884

This species is native to Austria, Croatia, and Slovenia, and naturalized to Italy, Germany, and the United Kingdom.[2]

Known to grow, invasively, in: Alabama, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Pennsylvania, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Wisconsin, Michigan, New York State, New Hampshire, Vermont, Maine, California[3]

Etymology[edit]

While the origin of the name of the flower is uncertain, within two decades of its 1570 appearance in the written record, that flower's name was being used to refer to the pastel red known as pink in English today. Whether the pinking shear shares a common origin, or is named after the flower, is uncertain.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dianthus plumarius (Pink)
  2. ^ Dianthus plumarius – Hortipedia
  3. ^ Dianthus plumarius – L. Natureserve Explorer
  4. ^ Pink: Etymology – Dictionary.com
    1570s, common name of Dianthus, a garden plant of various colors, of unknown origin. Its use for "pale rose color" first recorded 1733 ( pink-coloured is recorded from 1680s), from one of the colors of the flowers. The plant name is perhaps from pink (v.) via notion of "perforated" petals, or from Dutch pink "small" (see pinkie ), from the term pinck oogen "half-closed eyes," literally "small eyes," which was borrowed into English (1570s) and may have been used as a name for Dianthus, which sometimes has pale red flowers.