Pink Dot SG

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The LGBT community converging at Hong Lim Park in Singapore for the inaugural Pink Dot SG in 2009

Pink Dot SG is an annual, non-profit, free-for-all event which started in 2009, in support of the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) community in Singapore. Attendees of the Pink Dot events gather to form a pink dot in show of support for inclusiveness, diversity and the freedom to love.[1] Aside from the titular formation, Pink Dot events usually feature concert performances and community booths by organisations in support of the LGBT.

History[edit]

In September 2008, rules governing activities conducted at Singapore's Speakers' Corner at Hong Lim Park were relaxed, allowing demonstrations organised by Singaporeans to be held at the park, providing that all participants are either citizens or permanent residents.[2] This allowed the first Pink Dot SG event to take place at the Speakers' Corner on 16 May 2009 and had since had a total of seven events till date. After Pink Dot SG 2009, many organisations around the world have modeled LGBT events to the Pink Dot concept, often borrowing the "Pink Dot" prefix.

The design of the Pink Dot SG mascot "Pinkie", a personification of the pink dot, was provided by graphic designer Soh Ee Shaun.[3]

The Events[edit]

Pink Dot SG 2009[edit]

Pink Dot SG 2009 was held on Saturday, 16 May 2009, launching with campaign video "RED + WHITE = PINK". It was Singapore's first public open-air, event which displayed LGBT support and established the record for the greatest turnout for a gathering at Speakers' Corner in Hong Lim Park since its inception. The event was deemed as a milestone for Singapore's LGBT community.[4]

Local celebrities stood as ambassadors of the event, namely actor Timothy Nga, actress Neo Swee Lin & radio DJ Rosalyn Lee.[5] All events succeeding Pink Dot 2009 have also presented line-ups of celebrity ambassadors. During the event, two formations of the words 'LOVE' and '4All' were formed by several dozen participants. The event also concluded with the formation of the titular Pink Dot.[6][7]

The pioneer event was given extensive coverage in both international and local media.[8] Media coverage for Pink Dot SG 2009 was garnered locally on The Straits Times, and TODAY newspaper. However, turn out numbers reported were often inconsistent. Organisers estimated an attendance of 2,500 while local newspaper, the Straits Times, reported a turn out of 1,000, and TODAY reported "at least 500". Internationally, the event was covered by the BBC[9] and the New York Times[10] with reports being syndicated to various publications around the world through wire services Associated Press,[11] and Agence France-Presse.[12]

Pink Dot SG 2010[edit]

Pink Dot SG 2010 was held on Saturday, 15 May at the Speakers' Corner in Hong Lim Park. Unlike its preceding event, it ran under a campaign theme "Focusing on Our Families".[13] Pink Dot 2010 garnered a record turnout of 4,000 participants who gathered to form a pink dot in the park. Events following Pink Dot SG 2010 would also feature campaign themes.

The event also received wide coverage by local media, including video coverage by Channel News Asia and The Sunday Times carrying an article bearing a photograph of the event.[14] Like Pink Dot SG 2009, the international media coverage was widespread. Media coverage of the event included BBC, Associated Press, Reuters and Agence France-Presse.[15]

Pink Dot SG 2010's ambassadors were local celebrities, namely actor Adrian Pang, actress Tan Kheng Hua & DJ Bigkid.[16]

Pink Dot SG 2011[edit]

Pink Dot SG 2011 was held on Saturday, 18 June at the Speakers' Corner in Hong Lim Park with a new record of more than 10,000 participants. The 2011 event also featured a theme song, "I Want To Hold Your Hand" by the Beatles and campaign video by Boo Jun Feng.[17]

Pink Dot SG 2011 was the first time a Pink Dot event had an multinational company as a corporate sponsor - Google Singapore which would go on to support future Pink Dots. Local musical cabaret trio, the Dim Sum Dollies also made an appearance as the official ambassadors of the event.[18]

Pink Dot SG 2011 like previous years was covered by local and international mainstream media, with coverage by The Straits times, Yahoo! Singapore, Lianhe Zaobao, ChannelNews Asia and other international media agencies[19] An aerial shot of Pink Dot SG was also featured on xinmsn news for June's "2011 Year in Pictures" under the category of politics.[20] In addition, it was the first time that Pink Dot SG 2011 was featured in "Time Out Singapore" with a full article devoted. The event was also promoted in an article on CNNGo.[21]

The success of the event has since spurred the international renditions of Pink Dot around the globe in locations like Utah, New York, Hong Kong, Anchorage and Koahsiung.

Pink Dot SG 2012[edit]

Pink Dot 2012 flew under the campaign "Someday"[22] and was held on Saturday, 30 June at the Speakers' Corner in Hong Lim Park. The 2012 rendition was the first time the event was held at night. With mobile phones, torches and flashlights, a record-breaking 15,000 participants formed a glowing pink dot with pink lights in the park,[23] while the theme song "True Colours" was played and sung.[24]

Pink Dot SG 2012 saw Barclays as an official corporate supporter of the event along with returning Google Singapore.[25][26] Celebrity ambassadors for the event were former-actress Sharon Au, actor Lim Yu-Beng as well as actor-comedian-diva drag queen Kumar.[27]

Pink Dot SG in 2012 was even more widely reported, in the mainstream media with coverage by Today,[28][29] Yahoo! Singapore,[30] ChannelNews Asia[31] and also widely covered by international media agencies like The Wall Street Journal,[32] Taiwan's lihpao,[33] Thailand's PBS,[34] and Egypt's bikyamasr.[35] Notably before the event, singer Jason Mraz, who was then delivering a performance on 29 June in Singapore,[36] made a shout out in a video support of Pink Dot 2012.

The event inspired the start-up of Pink Dot Okinawa.

Pink Dot SG 2013[edit]

Pink Dot 2013 was held on the night of Saturday, 29 June at the Speakers' Corner in Hong Lim Park. The event marked its fifth year by seeking to recognise the efforts of Singapore's LGBT community by running under campaign 'Home'; title of a local national day song and doubling as the event's theme song. The campaign featured a video depicting three individual true life experiences directed by local filmmaker Boo Junfeng.[37][38] Like the previous year, the event highlighted the formation of a Pink Dot with pink lights. Pink Dot organisers claim a record turnout of 21,000, 6,000 more participants than the previous year. The record breaking event was notably the largest ever civil-society gathering in the country.[39] Hence, to accommodate large number of participants, a second ‘satellite’ focal point was created to channel traffic away from highly concentration areas. Prior to the formation of Pink Dot, participants were treated to a range of activities by more than 20 community groups and partners.[40]

Pink Dot SG 2013's list of corporate contributors for event has grown greatly to include global financial firm J.P. Morgan, local hotel PARKROYAL on Pickering, contact lens specialist CooperVision and audio branding agency The Gunnery, in addition to returning giants Google and international banking group Barclays.[41] Local actress Michelle Chia, theatre company W!LD RICE artistic director Ivan Heng and sportcaster Mark Richmond are the ambassadors of PinkDot SG 2013.[42][43]

Pink Dot continued to receive wider media coverage by local and international media. These included Indonesia based Asia Calling,[44] The Economist,[45] BBC,[46] The Guardian[47] and Reuters.[48] The event was also featured in YouTube 's Proud to Love' video which features of collection of videos supporting the LGBT community, equal rights and marriage equality.[49] Additionally, before the event, band Fun made a shout out in a video support of Pink Dot 2013.[50]

Pink Dot SG 2014[edit]

Pink Dot SG 2014 was held on the night of Saturday, 28 June at the Speaker's Corner with a new record turnout of 26,000. The event's theme "For Family, For Friends, For Love", highlighted the LGBT community's contributions to society and its theme song was "We Are Family".[51] In addition to the traditional pink dot formation with torches, 2014's event also included a blue heart formation within the "pink dot". Pink Dot SG 2014 additionally featured a "Community Voices" segment, where speakers were invited from Singapore's LGBT community and straight allies to share their stories.[52]

Ambassadors of the event included Broadway performer Sebastian Tan, actor Brendon Fernandez and for a first time a politician; Nominated Member of Parliament Janice Koh.[53] Also in support for the event is Taiwan-based Singaporean Pop Idol Stefanie Sun who did so in a twenty-second video.[54] Local YouTube Stars Tree Potatoes also made a shout out in a video. Pink Dot SG 2014 also saw energy company giant BP and multinational banking firm Goldman Sachs joining a growing list of corporate sponsors[55] in support of the LGBT event.

Notably, Pink Dot SG 2014 was the first year the event drew strong flak from Singapore's Muslim and Christian communities. These religious communities voiced disagreement with the event and counter-demonstrated against the Pink Dot event in a "WearWhite" event where participants dress in white apparel. In response, foreseeing possible unruly behaviour, organisers for a first time deployed security personnel at the event.[56] As a result, local media gave heavy coverage of parties for and against Pink Dot and the event itself was widely reported by both local and foreign media and made full-page articles on many local newspapers.[57][58][59][60][61][62][63]

Pink Dot SG 2015[edit]

Pink Dot SG 2015 is to be held on the night of Saturday, 13 June at the Speaker's Corner with the date of the event intended to not coincide with the Islamic month of Ramadan. This year's event runs under campaign title "Where Love Lives" led by a campaign video directed by local filmmaker Boo Junfeng. The event also coincides with the launch of a first-of-its-kind independent LGBT support network for major local universities. Despite deploying security in the previous event, organisers have yet to see the need in this year's event.[64]

The celebrity ambassadors for Pink Dot SG 2015 include local actor Patricia Mok, Campus SuperStar winner Daren Tan and local YouTube celebrities Munah Bagharib and Hirzi Zulkiflie.[65] Veteran actor Patricia Mok has mentioned that she seeks to reach out towards the local older population for support for the LGBT.[66] The list of corporate sponsors have also grown to include three new corporate sponsors; social networking giant Twitter, movie exhibitor Cathay Organisation and financial news company Bloomberg[67] in addition to Google, JP Morgan, Barclay, Goldman Sachs and The Gunnery. However, PARKROYAL hotel on Pickering which has sponsored previous events has discontinued its sponsorship deciding to 'channelling resources to support other equally meaningful causes'.[68] Contact Lens specialist, CooperVision, has also not continued support for Pink Dot SG.

Even greater so than in 2014, Pink Dot SG 2015 has drawn voices from both pro-family and pro-LGBT groups, both of which have been given wide coverage on local mainstream media.[69][70][71][72]

International Events[edit]

After the success of Pink Dot SG 2011, many organisations and individuals around the world were inspired to organise pink dot events. Events of varying attendances have been organised in Hong Kong, Montreal, New York, Okinawa and Utah. Smaller gatherings were also organised in locations like Anchorage, London, Malaysia and Taiwan. Common in all events was the highlight formation of a pink dot.

Pink Dot Anchorage[edit]

As an Alaska PrideFest event, Pink Dot Anchorage organised a gathering on 18 June 2011 at the Anchorage Town Square where around 100 participants turned up. The participants formed a heart shaped formation. [73]

Pink Dot HK[edit]

2011[edit]

On 24 June 2011, Hong Kong's Pink Alliance organised a gathering at Psychic Jack Lounge located in Central Hong Kong.[74]

2014[edit]

Inspired by Pink Dot Singapore, Pink Dot HK 2014 was held on 15 June 2014 in Tamar Park, co-organized by LGBT groups BigLove Alliance and Pink Alliance running under the theme "We are Family: The Freedom to Love". The event included an outdoor picnic and funfair, as well as a closing concert featuring performers like Denise Ho and Anthony Wong.[75] The event was widely covered by local media like the Oriental Daily News[76]

Before the event, the Bank of America Tower was decorated in pink to publicise the event.[77]

The turnout of the event was an estimated 1,200 people.

Pink Dot London[edit]

On 18 June 2011, Singaporeans in London organised a picnic at Hyde Park, London in conjunction with the Pink Dot event occur in Singapore that day.

Pink Dot MTL[edit]

Pink Dot MTL is a movement inspired by the Singapore event which believes that love is best built on a foundation of trust and honesty, not fear and shame. The group hopes to bring LGBT individuals in Montreal closer to their families and friends where change for the better happens through conversations, not cover-ups and covert lives.[78][79]

On 18 Aug 2012, a Pink Dot event was organised where nearly 300 attendees gathered at Place Émilie-Gamelin, Montreal, Quebec. A competition was organised where LGBT individuals were invited to submit their personal coming out stories. The top three writers were sent an invitiation to the event and their stories were read out in front of other participants.[80]

On 17 Aug 2013, a Pink Dot event was held at Place Émilie-Gamelin. The event had a one-page feature on local gay magazine Fugues.[81][82]

On 16 August 2014, a first-ever night Pink Dot event was held at Place Émilie-Gamelin. The event began at 11pm and featured glowsticks.

Pink Dot NY[edit]

A Pink Dot picnic was held on 7 June 2011, on 6 October 2012 and on 22 June 2013 in Central Park, New York. Around 30 participants turned up for each event.

Pink Dot OK[edit]

2013[edit]

Pink Dot Okinawa was inspired by Singapore's Pink Dot. The event is the island's first LGBT event and is held on 14 July 2013 with a turnout of 800 people. It was held in a park in Naha city, Okinawa which was specifically chosen for its large tourist crowd and mixed culture.[83] Unique from Singapore's Pink Dot, Pink Dot Okinawa features pre-night club events,[84] a pre-event beach party and a LGBT book fair[85] and an after-party.

The event was covered by local media like the Okinawa Times and Ryukyu Shimpo.

The mascot of the event is Pinkmaaru, a winking cartoon animal with the event's name, "Pink Dot OK".[86]

2014[edit]

Second year running, Pink Dot OK 2014 was held on 20 June 2014 in Naha city with an estimated turn out of a crowd of 12,000. Star Trek Actor George Takei made a shout out to this year's event.

2015[edit]

Pink Dot OK 2015 is scheduled to be held on 19 July at Tembusu Square on Kokusai street in Naha city.

Pink Dot Penang[edit]

A Pink Dot event was planned to be held in Penang, Malaysia on 29 March 2014 by SUARAM. Flying under the slogan "Sit in solidarity in the day, Dance together in the night", Pink Dot Penang was meant to be a two-part event including a workshop in the day and a party in the night at the 1926 heritage hotel.

The event was eventually cancelled on 16 March due to religious pressure by Perkasa and other Muslim activists making police reports on the event being a "sex festival"[87]

Pink Dot TW[edit]

2011[edit]

A Pink Dot gathering was organised by the Taiwan Adolescent Association on Sexualities on 18 June 2011 in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Participants gathered at the Kaohsiung Cultural Central.

2015[edit]

Pink Dot TW 2015 was held on May 16, 17, and 30, at Kaohsiung Aozihdi Park, National Cheng Kung University, and HuaShan Grand Green, respectively. Originally planned to be held on 20 May 2015, the HuaShan event was postponed in light of bad weather. The event runs on the slogan "Let's get closer, let the picnic be pinker" with a campaign video of the same title.

Pink Dot Utah[edit]

Pink Dot Utah is a campaign inspired by the Singapore event and flies under the theme "Support, Love, Courage" aiming to engender an appreciation of Utah's diversity – regardless of race, language, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression. The campaign encourages individuals of the LGBT community to share their life stories which are then featured on the campaign website. It is organised by the Support Love Courage Council.[88]

On 20 December 2013, District Judge Robert J. Shelby struck down the same-sex marriage ban as unconstitutional.[89]

2011[edit]

Pink Dot Utah 2011 was held on National Coming Out Day, 11 October 2011, at the Spring Mobile Ball Park in Salt Lake City, Utah. More than 3000 participants showed up for the inaugural pink dot event in Utah and gathered at the baseball field near Spring Mobile Ball Park.[90] Several community organisations and businesses were in attendance at the event, including representatives from First Baptist Church and Utah's Latino community. Denise Winslow came on behalf of Wells Fargo Bank with her family.

Pink Dot Utah organisers invited Emmy award winning composer, Kurt Bestor and Anchor of Fox's Live at Five andNews at Nine Newscaststo Co-host, Hope Woodside as celebrity ambassadors of the event.[91] The event was also covered by local media like The Salt Lake Tribune.[92]

The organisers of Pink Dot Utah also created their own campaign video, which bore an uncanny resemblance with Pink Dot SG's 2011 video, to promote the cause.

2012[edit]

A Pink Dot event was held on 22 September 2012 in Jordan Park, Salt Lake City, Utah, featuring an edited campaign video of the 2011 version. A "pinkdot Baby" contest was held for the first time where parents submit a photo of their child, that capturing their unique personality while highlighting the color pink and, to the extent possible, the theme of "Support, Love and Courage".[93] Pink Dot Utah 2012 also featured an entertainment programme with performances by invited celebrities as well as speeches by speakers. Pink Dot Utah 2012 was supported by Mormons Building Bridges which encourage hetereosexual Latter-day Saints to offer love and support to their LGBT brothers and sisters.[94] The event was mentioned by popular LGBT blogsite JoeMyGod.com.[95]

Another Pink Dot event, Pink Dot St. George, was held in Utah on 3 November 2012 in Vernon Worthen Park, Saint George, Utah,[96] featuring speeches by three speakers.[97] The programme received local media coverage by Dixie Sun News.[98]

Reaction, criticism and controversy[edit]

Reglious groups, Red Dot Family Movement and Wear White Campaign 2014[edit]

Pink Dot SG 2014 was the first year the event drew strong opposition from the Muslim and Christian religious groups in Singapore. In response to the event, FamFest, or Red Dot Family Movement, was organised by the LoveSingapore network of churches in Singapore. The event was initially planned to be held on the same day as Pink Dot 2014 at the Padang but was cancelled upon rejection of its application by the Ministry of Social and Family Development (MSF) which deemed the location unsuitable. FamFest continued as a virtual rally on social platform, Facebook.

Also, in response to a Muslim woman appearing in the campaign video of Pink Dot SG 2014, Islamic religious teacher Ustaz Noor Deros called for a Wear White campaign in protest against the event to defend traditional family values. The event was held in conjunction with the start of the Muslim month of Ramadan which starts the day after Pink Dot SG 2014. An evening prayer marking the fasting month coincides with Pink Dot SG 2014 event. Faith Community Baptist Church and the LoveSingapore network of churches have also called on their members to join local Muslims in the campaign to dress in white.[99]

Foreseeing potential opposition, organisers of Pink Dot have deployed security personnel at the event for the first time for crowd management purposes. Organisers reported around 20 security personnel deployed.[100] However, the event proceeded without interference with WearWhite campaign organisers informing supporters to distance from the Pink Dot gathering and FCBC announcing that its members did not intend to picket the event.[101]

The Wear White campaign saw Muslim mosque goers and two churches wearing white in support of traditional family values in the days following the event. Faith Community Baptist Church (FCBC) reported 6,000 attendees wearing white at a sermon the day after the Pink Dot event.

Other Religious groups and Pink Dot 2014[edit]

Other religious groups in Singapore as a result of the series of reactions to Pink Dot SG 2014 have announced or reinforced their stand on LGBT issues.

On behalf of the Muslim community, the Islamic Religious Council of Singapore (MUIS) has earlier advised Muslims not to be confrontational towards the LGBT community. It indicated that it does not approve of the "pervasiveness" of the LGBT lifestyle but cautioned against mosques being involved in the Pink Dot and Wear White initiatives. Minister-in-charge of Muslim Affairs, Mr Yaacob Ibrahim has also issued a statement addressing that Singaporeans who wanted to express support for a cause or lifestyle choice should express it in a way that does not divide the community. He emphasised on tolerance and the need "to keep the social fabric as tight as possible".[102]

Also in response, The National Council of Churches of Singapore (NCCS) has issued a statement:

The Council also wishes to state that while it does not condone homosexual or bi-sexual practices, it also does not condemn those who are struggling with their gender identity and sexual orientation.[103]

On behalf of the Catholic Church, Archbishop William Goh has also reiterated that:

This kind of lifestyle should not be promoted by Catholics as it is detrimental to society, is not helpful to integral human development and contrary to Christian values. Thus, whilst the Church urges compassion, acceptance, patient understanding and mutual respect for these individuals, she believes that there are ways to ensure justice and the protection of their dignity without the risk of endangering the future of the marriage institution, family and society[104]

Archbishop William Goh later release a second statement apologising for any insensitivity in his previous statement and added that while the Church does not disapprove of non-sexual same-sex relationships, it is by Catholic teaching that marriage is between a man and a woman and that sex before marriage is not allowed.[105]

NLB's removal of pro-LGBT books[edit]

Arising from opposition to Pink Dot 2014, a Facebook group opposing Pink Dot brought up the existence of pro-LGBT content in two children books to Singapore's The National Library Board (NLB) - And Tango Makes Three and The White Swan Express.[106] Upon further investigation NLB revealed that a third book, Who's in my Family was removed by internal review before the complaint.

In response to the complaint, NLB announced the decision to pulp the books and denied requests from the public to purchase them as an alternative. The decision was initially supported by Minister of Information, Communications and the Arts, Yaacob Ibrahim.[107] Subsequently, petitions (3,800 signatures) were filed by LGBT supporters and book authors to reinstate or relocate the books to a different section of the library. Socially conservative groups who supported NLB's decision also made counter petitions[108] garnering a total of 26,000 signatories.[109] The series of events also lead to the organising of "Let's Read Together", where 250 members of the public gathered to read books and brought along stuffed penguins at the National Library Building atrium.[110]

Local writers have also expressed strong criticism to NLB's decision and in reaction to NLB's decision, three judges for Singapore Literature Prize resigned from the judging panel.[111] During a literary conference at The Arts House, novelist Suchen Christine Lim told an audience of a hundred local and international writers that the Library Board's action disregarded the feelings of single parents and other alternative families like hers and her friends.[112] Authors of both books have also commented on the saga.[113][114] Furthermore, the recommendation of relocating the books to a different section was also supported by Member of Parliament Hri Kumar[115] and Nominated Member of Parliament Janice Koh.[116]

Concluding the saga, Minister Yaacob Ibrahim instructed NLB to reinstate all affected titles (except Who's in my Family since it has already been pulped) and categorise them in the libraries' adults section. The move was celebrated by factions of both conservative and pro-LBGT groups as a fair compromise, while criticised by others as being indecisive and insufficient[117] A poll conducted by REACH showed that the controversy was unknown to 40% of Singaporeans while the remaining majority of Singaporeans agreed that the book titles should be removed from the children's section of the library.[118] During the discourse, NLB's CEO Elaine Ng has mentioned that the NLB would review and improve its system of reacting to public feedback about the removal of books. In fulfillment of promises made, an independent Library Consultative Panel has been set up by NLB on 1 April 2015 to review library materials.[119]

Corporate Sponsorship[edit]

Pink Dot SG events have featured a growing number of corporate sponsors with each succeeding event. The involvement of corporate organisations in the local LGBT scene have been criticised by various pro-family groups.

In 2015, furniture retailer Ikea, upon receiving feedback from pro-LGBT groups, has announce a review of its support for a magic show staged by a pastor known for his views against homosexuality. The pastor is also responsible for previous anti-Pink Dot movements and Ikea is known globally to be a supporter of the LGBT community.[120][121] However, after the review, Ikea Singapore decided to continue support for the magic show. This decision has drawn flak from pro-LGBT groups including the organisers of Pink Dot[122] and support from pro-family organisations.[123]

Impact[edit]

International human rights[edit]

Pink Dot SG was deemed significant enough to be included in the US Department of State's human rights reports for 2009, released on 11 March 2010:[124]

On May 16, a rally in support of "the freedom of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender persons in Singapore to love" took place at Speakers Corner. Participants held pink umbrellas aloft and arranged themselves to form a large pink dot when seen from nearby high‐rise buildings. The rally took place without disturbance.

Pink Dot SG was also featured in the 2011 documentary film Courage Unfolds, by the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission and the Lesbian Activism Project of the Philippines. The documentary film highlights the issues faced by LGBT people in Asia.[125]

Google's LGBT campaign[edit]

Google launched the "Legalize Love" campaign which seeks to fight against homophobia and lobby against legal oppression of homosexuals all over the globe, choosing to launch a new phase of the campaign in Singapore. The campaign wants to promote the culture for LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender) workers inside and outside the office. This is in parallel to the company previously sponsoring Pink Dot events since 2011 in Singapore.[126]

Google has also included a 360-degree street view of the Hong Lim Park's 2013 Pink Dot Event in Google Maps which features both a day and night shot.

Section 377A of the Penal Code of Singapore[edit]

In 2012, Tan Eng Hong challenged the constitutionality of section 377A of the Penal Code, which makes sex between men a crime in Singapore, before the courts.[127] The challenge garnered much public debate[128] and, in response, Pink Dot SG made the following statement:

WE RECOGNISE that the matter has been taken to the court, and we should let the law take its course. We understand the need to respect the sanctity of the Judiciary, and not undertake acts seen to pressure it, or prejudice a case that stands before it.

WE ACKNOWLEDGE that a society as pluralistic and diverse as ours will have a multitude of viewpoints, which all of us have to respect and cherish, as it is this spectrum of opinions, beliefs and ideas that make Singapore strong, not the differences that seek to divide us from being truly, one united people.[129]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]