Pinking shears

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Pinking shears

Pinking shears are scissors with sawtoothed instead of straight blades. They produce a zigzag pattern instead of a straight edge.

Before pinking scissors were invented, a pinking punch or pinking iron was used to punch out a decorative hem on a garment. The punch would be hammered by a mallet against a hard surface and the punch would cut through the fabric. [1][2] In 1874, Eliza P. Welch patented an "Improved" design for pinking Iron, which featured a pair of handles. [3][4]

Illustration of a Pinking iron

The pinking shears design that are most well known were patented by Louise Austin in 1893.[5] In 1934, Samuel Briskman patented a pinking shear design (Felix Wyner and Edward Schulz listed as the inventors).[6] In 1952, Benjamin Luscalzo was granted a patent for pinking shears that would keep the blades aligned to prevent wear. [7]

Pinking shears are used for cutting woven cloth. Cloth edges that are unfinished will easily fray, the weave becoming undone and threads pulling out easily. The sawtooth pattern does not prevent the fraying but limits the length of the frayed thread and thus minimizes damage.[8]

These scissors can also be used for decorative cuts and a number of patterns (arches, sawtooth of different aspect ratios, or asymmetric teeth) are available. True dressmaker's pinking shears, however, should not be used for paper decoration because paper dulls the cutting edge.

Etymology[edit]

Garden pink flower

The cut produced by pinking shears may have been derived from the garden plant called the pink, in the genus Dianthus (the carnations).[9] The color pink also may have been named after these flowers, although the origins of the name are not definitively known. As the pink has scalloped, or "pinked", edges to its petals, pinking shears can be thought to produce an edge similar to the flower.

The word "pink" can be used as a verb dating back to 1300 meaning "pierce, stab, make holes in".

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pinking iron". Mount Vernon Twitter Acount. Retrieved 2021-06-28.
  2. ^ "Pinking Iron – Encyclopedia Virginia". Retrieved 2021-06-28.
  3. ^ US 154736, Welch, Eliza P., "Improvement in pinking-irons", published 1874-09-01 
  4. ^ Patent Office, United States (1874). Official Gazette of the United States Patent Office. p. 325.
  5. ^ US 489406, Austin, Louise, "Pinking-shears", published 1893-01-03 
  6. ^ US 1965443, Wyner, Felix & Schulz, Edward, "Pinking shears", published 1934-07-03, assigned to Samuel Briskman 
  7. ^ US 2600036, Wertepny, Alexander W. & Wertepny, Rudolph J., "Pinking shears", published 1952-06-10, assigned to Stanley A. Wertepny and Edward M. Wertepny & Benjamin Luscalzo 
  8. ^ Hinze, H. (April 1916). "The Pinking Machine -- Its Uses". The Clothing Designer and Manufacturer. 9 (1): 41.
  9. ^ Pankiewicz, Philip R. (2013). American Scissors and Shears. Universal-Publishers.