|• Mayor||Kristin Alheit (since 21.06.2008)|
|• Total||21.54 km2 (8.32 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Pinneberg (German pronunciation: [ˈpʰɪnəbɛɐ̯k]; Northern Low Saxon: Pinnbarg) is a town in Schleswig-Holstein, capital of the district Pinneberg in Germany. The town has 42,301 inhabitants. Pinneberg is located 18 km northwest of Hamburg.
Near Pinneberg there is the transmission site for the maritime weather radioteletype and radiofax service DDH47, working on 147.3 kHz. A T-aerial is used, which is strung between two guyed masts.
When a castle was first built in Pinneberg around the year 1200 AD, the site had already been used as a Germanic Thingstätte for several centuries. In 1370 the castle was captured by Count Adolf VIII of Schauenburg and Holstein-Pinneberg.
In 1397 Pinneberg was first mentioned in official documents as a seat of courts.
In 1472 a Renaissance castle was built in place of the old castle. It was heavily damaged in the years 1627 and 1657 and was finally torn down in 1720. Between 1765 and 1767 the Drostei was built for the Drost Hans von Ahlefeldt. This brick building, which was probably erected by Ernst Georg Sonnin, is the most important example of Baroque architecture in the district of Pinneberg.
After some servants and craftsmen had settled in the vicinity of the castle, the settlement expanded slowly, only receiving municipal rights in 1875, although it had been the seat of the Danish ‘Landdrost’ since 1640 and seat of the Prussian district administrator since 1866 within the Province of Schleswig-Holstein.
In 1905 the settlement of ‘Pinneberger Dorf’ was incorporated and in 1927 the villages of Thesdorf and Waldenau followed.
After World War II the number of inhabitants of Pinneberg doubled because of the forced immigration of expellees, predominantly from East Prussia. Later on, in contrast to many other cities in Schleswig-Holstein, Pinneberg was able to keep the number of inhabitants stable.
Pinneberg is twinned with:
- Sophie Wörishöffer (1838-1890), German author
- Bernhard Siebken (1910—1949), SS officer and war criminal
- Frank Michael Preuss, photographer, painter and musician
- Michael Stich, tennis player born 1968
- Mario Szenessy, author
- Michael Westphal, tennis player (1965–1991)
- Carl Schlüter (1848-1885), sculptor
- Paul Sudeck (1866-1945), surgeon and namesake of dystrophy
- Werner von der Schulenburg (1881-1958), writer, translator
- Gerhard Lütkens (1893-1955), politician (SPD), MP
- Ernst Meyer (1898-1975), historian
- Ernst Dammann (1904-2003), historian of religion and Africanist
- Rudolf Grothkop (1908-2002), painter and dentist
- Elsa Oehmigen (1908-1995), barrel organ player
- Jupp Becker (1909-1997), gymnastic and sports teacher, holder of the Federal Cross of Merit.
- Bernhard Timm (1909-1992), General Director of BASF
- Ernst Ehlers (1909-1980), Obersturmbannführer and war criminal
- Detlef Junker (* 1939), historian
- Heiner Bremer (* 1941), editor of Stern magazine, moderator of the RTL-night journal
- Eva Grabosch (* 1947), a pediatrician, a doctor in Ethiopia, Yemen and *Guinea, secretary for health programs at the German Development Service
- Henning Hars (* 1955), German Brigadier General of the Bundeswehr
- Wolfram Gambke (* 1959), athlete and Olympian
- Kerstin Schipper (born 1964), Judge at the Federal Administrative Court
- Boris Henn (1967), TV presenter and television producer
- Sören Voigt (born 1968), film director and screenwriter
- Björn Warns alias "Schiffmeister" (born 1973), musician (Fettes Brot)
- Jens Petersen (born 1976), writer
- Jonatan Kotzke (* 1990), football player
- Nina Brüggemann (* 1993), football player
- Tony Halbig (* 1993), racing driver
- Jacob Heidtmann (* 1994), swimmer
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