Pinoleville Pomo Nation

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Pinoleville Pomo Nation
Pinoleville Rancheria Pomo girl.jpg
Pat, a young Pomo girl at the grape harvest at Pinolville Rancheria, 1938
Total population
Regions with significant populations
United States (California)
English, Pomoan languages
Roundhouse religion, Christianity, Kuksu
Related ethnic groups
Pomo tribes

The Pinoleville Pomo Nation is a federally recognized tribe of Pomo people in Mendocino County, California.[2] Leona Williams currently serves as Tribal Chairperson.[3]


The Pinoleville Pomo Nation's reservation is the Pinoleville Rancheria. The primary parcel of land occupies 99 acres (400,000 m2) in Mendocino County, and approximately 70 tribal members reside there.[2] A second parcel, located in Lake County, is 6.7 acres (27,000 m2) large. The tribe is trying to place this second parcel into trust and develop it with housing.[4] The Rancheria was terminated by the US Federal Government but it was restored in the 1980s.[5]


The Pomo who became the Pinoleville Band lived in northern Ukiah Valley, but their ancestral lands were overrun by non-native settlers in the mid-19th century. Their reservation was established in 1911 by the US Federal Government but was terminated in 1966 under the California Rancheria Act. They quickly lost 50% of their land base. In 1979 the Pinoleville Band joined Tillie Hardwick v. the United States, a class action suit that was decided in favor of the tribes. The Pinoleville Pomo were able to regain federal recognition and restore their original reservation to trust status.[1]

The tribe conducts business from Ukiah, California.[6]

Tribal services and projects[edit]

Pinoleville Pomo Nation operated a housing program, an environmental department, Head Start, vocational training, and an historic preservation office.[3]

In order to improve diets and the local environment the Pinoleville Pomo Nation created a horticultural program, which focuses on tribal youth — educating them about plants, to improve self-esteem and provide skills. Pinole Nation Gardens include a greenhouse, orchards, two gardens, and native plant restoration areas and are located in Ukiah.[7]

The Pinoleville Pomo Nation will be the first tribe in California to grow medical marijuana, having announced a plan to open a 2.5-acre indoor growing facility on their land. The tribe said their pot profits will be used to "help pay for the tribe's social programs (such) as elder care, child care, health and education."[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b History of the Pinoleville Band. (retrieved 2 August 2009)
  2. ^ a b California Indians and Their Reservations. San Diego State University Library and Information Access. 2009 (retrieved 2 August 2009)
  3. ^ a b Pinoleville Pomo Nation Contact Page. Pinoleville Tribal Government. (retrieved 2 August 2009)
  4. ^ Pinoleville: A Geographical Orientation. Pinoleville Tribal Government. (retrieved 2 August 2009)
  5. ^ Pritzker, 140
  6. ^ California Tribes and Organizations. 500 Nations. (retrieved 2 August 2009)
  7. ^ Pinoleville Pomo Nation: Horticultural Initiative. Gardens Project: The Real Dirt. (retrieved 2 Aug 2009)
  8. ^ Native American Tribe in California Announces Plan to Grow Medical Marijuana. (retrieved 15 Jan 2015)


  • Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°10′49″N 123°13′04″W / 39.18028°N 123.21778°W / 39.18028; -123.21778