Pinus bungeana

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Lacebark pine
Lacebark pine of Susong-dong.jpg
Lacebark pine to the east of the Main Hall at Jogyesa (Buddhist Temple) in Seoul, South Korea
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Pinus
Subgenus: P. subg. Strobus
Section: P. sect. Quinquefoliae
Subsection: P. subsect. Gerardianae
P. bungeana
Binomial name
Pinus bungeana

Pinus bungeana (English: Bunge's pine[2] or lacebark pine or white-barked pine; Chinese: 白皮松 Japanese: シロマツ, Korean백송; RRbaeksong) is a pine tree native to northeastern and central China.[3][4] It is a slow-growing tree that can grow to heights of 15–25m and is frost hardy down to below -26 °C. Its smooth, grey-green bark gradually sheds in round scales to reveal patches of pale yellow, which turn olive-brown, red and purple on exposure to light.

Lacebark pine at Kew Gardens, London, England
Closeup of multiple stems

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Pinus bungeana is native to mountains of China, but is widely cultivated as an ornamental, especially for its attractive metallic bark.[1] It has naturalized in the Sierra de la Ventana of eastern Argentina.[citation needed]

Closeup of bark


It is grown as an ornamental tree in classical gardens seeking to imitate Chinese gardens where it symbolizes longevity. It can also be seen in botanic gardens and often grows with multiple stems. Its bark is especially admired just after rains because of the emphasised contrasting colours of its peeling plates.

Bark and foliage


  1. ^ a b Bachman, S. (RBG Kew); Farjon, A. (RBG Kew); Gardner, M. (RBG Edinburgh); Thomas, P. (RBG Edinburgh); Luscombe, D. (Forestry Comm. Bedgebury) & Reynolds, C. (Forestry Comm. Bedgebury) (2007). "Pinus bungeana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2007. Retrieved 2 June 2013.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  2. ^ "Pinus bungeana". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 4 October 2015.
  3. ^ Fu, Liguo; Li, Nan; Elias, Thomas S.; Mill, Robert R. "Pinus bungeana". Flora of China. 4. Retrieved 2018-08-16 – via, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  4. ^ Earle, Christopher J., ed. (2018). "Pinus bungeana". The Gymnosperm Database.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]