Pinus cubensis

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Pinus cubensis
DirkvdM baracoa nipple-hill.jpg
Tree near Baracoa, Cuba
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Pinus
Subgenus: P. subg. Pinus
Section: P. sect. Trifoliae
Subsection: P. subsect. Australes
P. cubensis
Binomial name
Pinus cubensis
Pinus cubensis range map 2.png
Natural range of Pinus cubensis

Pinus cubensis, or Cuban pine, is a pine endemic to the eastern highlands of the island of Cuba, inhabiting both Sierra Nipe-Cristal and Sierra Maestra.

The closely related Hispaniolan pine (P. occidentalis), native to the neighboring island of Hispaniola, is treated as synonymous by some botanists. Modern systematic studies recognize P. cubensis it as a valid species,[2] nevertheless, there is disagreement about whether the Sierra Maestra populations in the south are part of P. cubensis or conform another species named Pinus maestrensis.[3]

The Sierra Nipe-Cristal and Sierra Maestra population may have diverged recently, as indicated by recent genetic studies that have found some ancestral genetic lineages that are shared among the two regions and only some rare variants exclusive for each region.[4]


  1. ^ Farjon, A. (2013). "Pinus cubensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013: e.T42353A2974732. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T42353A2974732.en. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  2. ^ Farjon, A. 1997: Pinus (Pinaceae), Flora Neotropica, Monograph 75 (together with Brian T. Styles). New York : The New York Botanical Garden. ISBN 0-89327-411-9
  3. ^ López-Almirall A. 1982. Variabilidad del Género Pinus (Coniferales: Pinaceae) en Cuba. Acta Botánica Cubana 12: 1–32.
  4. ^ Jardón-Barbolla, L., Delgado-Valerio, P., Geada-López, G., Vázquez-Lobo, A., & Pinero D. (2011). Phylogeography of Pinus subsection Australes in the Caribbean Basin. Annals of Botany 107: 229-241.

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