Pinus luchuensis

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Pinus luchuensis
A lone P. luchuensis, growing on Chichi-jima Island
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Gymnospermae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Pinus
Subgenus: P. subg. Pinus
Section: P. sect. Pinus
Subsection: P. subsect. Pinus
P. luchuensis
Binomial name
Pinus luchuensis
  • Pinus luchuensis subsp. hwangshanensis (W.Y.Hsia) D.Z.Li
  • P. l. var. hwangshanensis (W.Y.Hsia) C.L.Wu
  • P. l. var. shenkanensis Silba
  • P. l. subsp. taiwanensis (Hayata) D.Z.Li

Pinus luchuensis, commonly called Luchu pine[2] or Okinawa pine,[2] is a species of conifer in the family Pinaceae endemic to, and locally abundant in the Ryukyu Islands of Japan.[1][2] It was once threatened by habitat loss in the wild, where it can be found growing in small stands near windy ocean shores.[1] Having been harvested widely since the Second World War, the remaining stands are no longer commercially viable,[1] except when cultivated for ornamental use.[2]


  1. ^ a b c d Farjon, A. (2013). "Pinus luchuensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2013: e.T33989A2839596. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T33989A2839596.en. Retrieved 16 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e Pinus luchuensis was originally described and published in Botanisches Centralblatt 58: 149. 1894. "Pinus luchuensis". Germplasm Resources Information Network. Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved December 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Pinus luchuensis Mayr". The Plant List; Version 1. (published on the internet). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden. 2010. Retrieved December 7, 2011.