Pinus oocarpa

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Pinus oocarpa
Pinus oocarpa Perkin.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Pinus
Subgenus: P. subg. Pinus
Section: P. sect. Trifoliae
Subsection: P. subsect. Australes
Species: P. oocarpa
Binomial name
Pinus oocarpa
Pinus oocarpa range map 1.png
Natural range of Pinus oocarpa

Pinus oocarpa is a species of pine tree native to Mexico and Central America. It is the national tree of Honduras, where it is known as ocote. Common names include ocote chino,[3] pino amarillo, pino avellano, Mexican yellow pine, egg-cone pine and hazelnut pine. It appears that it was the progenitor (original) species that served as the ancestor for some of the other pines of Mexico.

Habitat and range[edit]

This species ranges from latitudes of 14° to 29° north, including western Mexico, Guatemala and the higher elevations of Honduras, El Salvador and northwestern Nicaragua. An average temperature of 15 to 24 °C (59 to 75 °F) and annual rainfall of 1,000–1,900 mm (39–75 in) are needed for best development. Preferred elevations are 900–2,400 m (3,000–7,900 ft) above sea level. In El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua it grows above 800 m (2,600 ft). Pinus oocarpa var. trifoliata grows between 2,000 and 2,400 m (6,600 and 7,900 ft) above sea level.

Uses[edit]

It is an important source of commercial timber in Honduras and Central America. Pinus oocarpa was introduced for commercial production of wood for the paper industry: in Ecuador, Kenya, Zambia, Colombia, Bolivia, Queensland (Australia), Brazil and South Africa. Due to the amount of resin within the tree, many Central Americans will use small shavings to start cooking fires.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Farjon, A. (2013). "Pinus oocarpa". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013: e.T42387A2976957. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T42387A2976957.en. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 
  2. ^ "Pinus oocarpa". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 24 September 2011. 
  3. ^ "Pinus oocarpa". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 4 October 2015. 
  • Eguiluz, T. 1982. Clima y Distribución del género pinus en México. Distrito Federal. Mexico.
  • Rzedowski, J. 1983. Vegetación de México. Distrito Federal, Mexico.
  • Dvorak, W. S., G. R. Hodge, E. A. Gutiérrez, L. F. Osorio, F. S. Malan and T. K. Stanger. *2000. Conservation and Testing of Tropical and Subtropical Forest Species by the CAMCORE Cooperative. College of Natural Resources, NCSU. Raleigh, NC. USA.
  • Martínez, Maximinio. 1978. Catálogo de nombres vulgares y científicos de plantas mexicanas.

External links[edit]