Pinus parviflora

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Pinus parviflora
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Pinus
Subgenus: P. subg. Strobus
Section: P. sect. Quinquefoliae
Subsection: P. subsect. Strobus
P. parviflora
Binomial name
Pinus parviflora

Pinus parviflora, also known as five-needle pine,[1] Ulleungdo white pine,[2] or Japanese white pine,[1] is a pine in the white pine group, Pinus subgenus Strobus, native to Korea and Japan.

It is a coniferous evergreen tree, growing to 15–25 m in height and is usually as broad as it is tall, forming a wide, dense, conical crown. The leaves are needle-like, in bundles of five, with a length of 5–6 cm. The cones are 4–7 cm long, with broad, rounded scales; the seeds are 8–11 mm long, with a vestigial 2–10 mm wing.

The Latin specific epithet parviflora means "with small flowers".[3]

This is a popular tree for bonsai, and is also grown as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens. The cultivars 'Adcock's Dwarf' and ‘Bonnie Bergman’[4] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[5][6]



  1. ^ a b "Pinus parviflora Siebold & Zucc". PLANTS. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  2. ^ English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: Korea National Arboretum. 2015. p. 575. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 17 December 2016 – via Korea Forest Service.
  3. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for Gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. ISBN 184533731X.
  4. ^ "RHS Plantfinder - Pinus parviflora 'Bonnie Bergman'". Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector – Pinus parviflora 'Adcock's Dwarf'". Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  6. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 78. Retrieved 30 April 2018.