Piołunówka

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Piołunówka is a very bitter alcoholic infusion (Polish: "nalewka") made by macerating wormwood in alcohol. Its name comes from piołun, which means wormwood in Polish. It is becoming popular due to the recent absinthe revival but has been well known before absinthe. It differs from absinthe because it is macerated and rarely distilled (see the recipe below), whereas absinthe is additionally distilled. Piołunówka is not simply an amateur's version of absinthe but can be perceived as its predecessor. For centuries wormwood-based elixirs have been used as digestive aids and disease preventatives.

Thujone[edit]

Piołunowka has much higher levels of thujone than absinthe because it is not distilled. Many people produce it today to try to feel the "absinthe effect" because of its higher thujone levels although it is now known thujone plays little to no role in these purported effects[citation needed].

In Poland Piołunówka is considered a cure for problems with digestive tract and is believed to enhance appetite. Therefore, traditionally it is consumed in small amounts.[1]

Availability[edit]

Piołunówka is typically hard to find outside of Poland. While wormwood is available at many herb stores, it is not always of sufficient quality for making piołunówka.

Ingredients[edit]

Apart from fresh wormwood usually some other ingredients are used such as: peppercorns, black tea, raisins, honey, geranium leaves and hypericum flowers. All herbs used should be freshly picked, not dried (apart from tea). The alcohol used is plain vodka or spirit. It can be easily produced at home, as it is generally speaking an alcohol in which herbs and other ingredients were soaked over a period of about 2 weeks and then filtered. It does not require aging.[2][3]

History[edit]

The recipe dates back to the 17th century, as Piołunówka is the national Polish liqueur (mentioned already in Stanisław Falimierz' opus) and as such has been made in noble manors, if the recipes might have varied (the amount of wormwood, water, spirit and sugar). The last widely available piołunówka was distilled in Lwów by J. A. Baczewski distillery up to 1939. The modern version appeared with the same label released by Polmos in Stargard Gdański who discontinued the production in the '90s.

References[edit]

  1. ^ nalewki.rolnicy.com, About piołónówka, retrieved 26.03.2015
  2. ^ nalewki.rolnicy.com, About piołónówka, retrieved 26.03.2015
  3. ^ zioladobrenawszystko.pl, Nalewka piołunówka, retrieved 23.03.2015

Cieślak, J. "Domowy wyrób win", Watra, Warszawa 1999, pp. (273–274)

Falimierz, S. "O paleniu wódek z ziół", Kraków 1534

Kurowski, J., N., "Wypalanie wódki", A. Brzezina i Komp., Warszawa 1829

Piątkowski, A. "Gorzelnik i piwowar doskonały", Groblowskiey Drukarnia, Kraków 1808

See also[edit]