Pio Monte della Misericordia
|Location||Via dei Tribunali 253, Napoli, Campania, Italy|
|Type||Art museum, Historic site|
The Pio Monte della Misericordia is a church in the historic center of Naples, southern Italy. It is famous for its art works, including Caravaggio's The Seven Works of Mercy. A charity brotherhood (Pio Monte della Misericordia meaning "Pious Mount of Mercy" in Italian) was founded in August 1601 by seven young nobles, who met every Friday at the Hospital for Incurables and ministered to the sick.
In 1602 they established an institution and commissioned a small church, built by Gian Giacomo di Conforto, near the staircase leading to the Cathedral, on the corner of the Via dei Tribunali and the Vico dei Zuroli. In 1605, they received an apostolic letter from Pope Paul V, according special privileges to the high altar.
The church was consecrated in September 1606. From 1658 to 1678 the edifice was enlarged, also with the annexation of neighbouring structures, by architect Francesco Antonio Picchiati, forming a complex with a palace and a renewed church.
The noblemen of the brotherhood at Pio Monte della Misericordia were looking for painters "to give permanent visual expression to their sense of charitable mission”. Regarding the sharp contrasts of the chiaroscuro in Caravaggio's painting’s, the German art historian Ralf van Bühren explains the bright light as a metaphor for mercy, which "helps the audience to explore mercy in their own lives".
- Langdon, Helen (2012). Caravaggio. Random House. ISBN 9781448105717.
- Black, Christopher (1989). Italian Confraternities in the Sixteenth Century. Cambridge University Press. pp. 258–260. ISBN 9780521364874.
- Graham-Dixon, Andrew (2011). Caravaggio: A Life Sacred and Profane. W. W. Norton. ISBN 9780393081497.
- Graham-Dixon 2010, 340.
- Bühren, Ralf van (2017). "Caravaggio's 'Seven Works of Mercy' in Naples. The relevance of art history to cultural journalism". Church, Communication and Culture. 2: 63–87. doi:10.1080/23753234.2017.1287283.
- Leonetti Rodinò, M.G. (1991). Il Pio Monte della Misericordia la storia la chiesa la quadreria. Naples.
- Ralf van Bühren, "Caravaggio’s ‘Seven Works of Mercy’ in Naples. The relevance of art history to cultural journalism", in Church, Communication and Culture 2 (2017), pp. 63–87
- Andrew Graham-Dixon, Caravaggio. A Life Sacred and Profane, London: Allen Lane, Penguin Books 2010
- Helen Langdon, Caravaggio, Random House 2012 - ISBN 9781448105717.